1809 West Cork Census Population, Religious Breakdown Land Estate Rental, Schools, Thomas Newenham, Coolmore, Carrigaline, Relying on Catholic Bishop of Cork Diocesan Returns.

Newenham produced a number of books promoting good agriculture and native industry.  He uses extensive statistical data from Customs and Excise returns, the Heart Money Tax Returns (destroyed in 1922) and in this case the Catholic Bishop of Cork and Ross gave him access to a census he had the clergy carry out.

Newenham Estate:


Rents trebled in Durrus between On Evanson Estates 1882 and 1809.  The Parish Priest presumably made this return.  The Evansons were the largest landlords having two estates. the larger (a leasehold interest expiring c1853) following their financial difficulties was rented from the Bernards (Later Lord Bandon)  of Bandon from c 1715.  When the Bandon estate recovered the lands the village of Carrigbui (Durrus) was a collection of mud huts which Lord bandon cleared and built the modern village.  The electoral area  of Durrus West was one of the worst affected in the famine in terms of mortality in Ireland.  The only improvement carried out on that estate by the Evansons was the building of Durrus Court c 1810.  On their other estate across Dunmansus Bay comprising three townland they built Friendly Cove and the Grain Store and kiln c 1795.  The legal tenure may be faulted as they probably would have had difficulty raising money  the family seem to be in financial trouble from the 1790s given the rent charges on the estate they had a freehold interest in. Unlike other estates in the area athey is no evidence they gave lease even to larger tenants.

The huge increase in rents were no confined to the Evansons. On the Beecher estates west of Skibbereen in the 1850s Landed Estates sale it was stated that the market rent was four times the rent the Beecher received as they sold long leaseholds in the 1780s to alleviate financial distress.  The Diocesan returns referred to quote multiple examples of trebing or rents increasing by a factor of four.

























Thomas Newenham acknowledges his friend Lord Carbery’s of Castlefreke, Rosscarbery, contribution in providing information on Ballyroe (Clonakilty).  it is likely they were part of  group promoting local development at the time.

Lord John Carbery (Evans-Freke) 6th Baron Carbery (1765-1845), 1821, Castle Freke, Rosscarbery.  Son of Sir John Freke, married 1783 Lady Catherine Charlotte Gore succeeded by nephew George Evans-Freke. MP Donegal and Baltimore. Grandmaster of Freemasons in Munster.  1809 assisted his friend Thomas Newenham, Coolmore, Carrigaline in his publication on Ireland providing information on Ballyroe (Clonakilty).  1817 Chairing Cork Committee of Linen production an encouraging local development. 1822 signed Memorial for new road Bantry/Durrus/Kilcrohane part of his estate was Ballycomane in Durrus.  1821 writing to Chief Secretary re disaffection, Castlefreke, Clonakilty, sitting Rosscarbery, 1835. 1822 Lord Lieutenant sends £500 for local distress. 1822 Cork Trustee for The Encouraging Industry in Ireland.  Protestant protest meeting Cork 1834.   Author of pamphlet 1832 urging reform of Cork Grand Jury.  Reputed to have bell rung in London church on hearing of death of Father John Power, Parish priest Kilmacabea.  Subscriber 1821 Dr Thomas Wood’s ‘Primitive Inhabitants of Ireland. Present at enquiry Skibbereen 1823 into enquiry into fatal affray at Castlehaven caused by Rev. Morritt’s tithe extraction.  1823 Blamed notorious tithe extractor Rev. Morritt for fatal affray at Castlehaven, welcomed Petty Session Courts and urged abolition of Manor Courts.  Subscriber Lewis Topographical Dictionary of Ireland 1837. listed 1843. Lord of Manor appointing Seneschals. Member Commission on Magistrates 1838. Member provisional Committee projected Bandon to Bantry Railway 1845.   HIs life size statue in Rosscarbery Cathedral has an inscription how he founded schools in various parts of his estates, clothed the surrounding hills with trees and improved agriculture and the amelioration of his countrymen’.  Carberys intermarried with O’Driscoll family. Left estate valued at £90,000, worth perhaps €60-70 million in 2018 terms. Left rental of estates for life to his wife. On his death he directed that the principal family seat and residence should be Castle and that his inheritor should reside there at least four months in the year.  If the inheritor was to become Roman Catholic, the interest in the estate would cease and go to the next in line provided such party was Protestant.