1832. Cholera Outbreak. Response Parish Boards of Health, West Cork.


1832. Cholera Outbreak. Response Parish Boards of Health, West Cork

https://www.academia.edu/40163828/Cholera_Parish_Boards_of_Health_West_Cork

Click to view Academia paper:

These investigations and responses in relation to Cholera appear to have been prompted by a circular letter from the Chief Secretaries Offices to the Select Vestries of the local Church of Ireland parishes.  Prior to Disestablishment the Church of Ireland was Ireland’s State Church and performed many civil functions. The Select Vestry had parallel function as did the parish Clerks and Churchwardens religious as well as Civil.  For the Civil function the Select Vestry was often slightly reconstituted to include influential local Catholics.

Officers of health for civil parishes were elected at vestry meetings. They normally consisted of five individuals and sanction was not need from the government to approve them. On foot of a cholera epidemic in 1832 central government introduced the option for local boards of health to be formed. Boards mainly consisted of 13 individuals and their jurisdiction often covered a parish or ecclesiastical union or a town and its hinterland. In order to have a board appointed to a specific area a public meeting had to be called by two magistrates, from which the names of nominees were submitted for approval to the Lord Lieutenant. Local boards of health had powers to introduce measures to prevent the spread of cholera and could request constabulary assistance to deal with forced burials etc. The appointment of such boards could occasionally stir up local party rivalry (CSO/RP/1832/1598).

One of the formats adopted:

Requisition signed by six householders Directed to the Magistrates of the Purpose of Appointing a Board of Health for… agreeable to the 58th George 3rd Cap 47 Section 10…

Should be made by two Magistrates authorised by meeting.

The procedure was for the agreed resolution voted or agreed on with a list of those to serve to be sent to Dublin Castle.  They were if approved Commissioners for the relevant parish. The application should be signed by two or more magistrates following a meeting.

There was a central board in Dublin coordinating responses which looking at date sequences was very rapid.

The matter concluded when a warrant was sent presumably to the person making the parish application.

To understand the nature of the administrative system it is important to understand the dual role of the Church of Ireland and select vestries.  Until disestablishment in 1859 the Church of Ireland was Ireland’s state church. Many ministers were magistrates.  Part fro religion it had significant civil function such as Probate, the regulation of Marriage and in the day before the rolling out of dispensaries various health function. So here the select vestry which is the local parish assembly  interact with the local Magistrates and report to Dublin Castle not the local diocesan office or registry.

Where records have survived for West Cork it was common to hold two select vestries, the first confined to Church of Ireland members to discuss religious matters. A later Vestry often had prominent local Catholics and dealt with civil matters.

Prior Times:

Our ancestors in Ireland:

They somehow saved us:

“Out of every corner of the woods and glens they came creeping

forth upon their hands for their legs could not bear them, they

looked like anatomies of death, they spoke like ghosts, crying out

of their graves…in a short space there were none almost left and a most

a populous and plentiful country suddenly left void of man or beast.”

So the English poet, Edmund Spenser, in 1583 described the province of Munster in the south of Ireland. While the dreadful spectacle of famine, death and decay may have appalled his eyes, Spenser, together with his friends, such as the famous explorer, Sir Walter Raleigh, had actively participated in and personally benefited from Munster’s ruin, as the English Crown wrested the province from the grip of its once powerful overlord – Gearoid (Gerald) Fitzgerald, the 14th Earl of Desmond.

Dr. James Edward Somerville (1810-1904), M.D., Doctor, Union Hall, Skibbereen. Had an enormous repertoire of old Irish tunes, gifted with horses, beloved locally. Somerville Magistrates.


Dr. James Edward Somerville (1810-1904), M.D., Doctor, Union Hall, Skibbereen. Had an enormous repertoire of old Irish tunes, gifted with horses, beloved locally. Somerville Magistrates.

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1834, 1863, 1864 Dr. James Edward Somerville M.D., Doctor, Union Hall Running for Coroner West Riding 1864 on death of Paul Limrick citing 30 years experience. Masonic concert Skibbereen 1863. Dr James Edward Somerville MD was born on 18 February 1810 and married on 13 June 1847 Ellen, daughter of John French (6) of Rath,(7) Co Cork. He was living at Park Cottage, Leap, Co Cork, when he received a legacy of £800 on the death of his cousin Richard Mellifont-Townshend [236] in 1884. He died in 1904 leaving issue – Thomas Townsend Somerville, John French Somerville, Mary Cornelia Somerville, Elizabeth Townsend Somerville, Henry Somerville, James Somerville, Edward Somerville, Ellen Somerville, Philip Somerville, Grace French Somerville (she married Thomas Hewett Poole, Land Agent, Mayfield, Knockaveale, Bandon) and Ada Charlotte Augusta Somerville.(7a) Their daughter Elizabeth married John Beamish of Ballymoney on 10 Oct 1871. Had an enormous repertoire of old Irish tunes, gifted with horses beloved locally. Thomas Somerville, M.D., trustee 1868. in will of Thomas Fitzgibbon, physician, Rosscarbery, Died 1904, aged 94, informant daughter Mary C. Somerville, Bawnlahan.

Probably related to Tom Somerville, a Magistrate who apparently had good Irish

Aylmer Coghill Somerville DL, 1891, England,  Tally-Ho House, Castletownshend, listed 1913, President of Carbery Agricultural Show 1892-7, as was his father earlier in 1840s, also involved Colonel Morgan The O’Donovan.  listed at Shanacourt Castle, Castletownshend, 1921. Listed at Shanacourt Castle, Castletownshend, 1921. Executor £489, of father Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Somerville D.L.(1825-1898)

Major John (East India Company) Townsend Somerville (1800-1861), Point House, Castletownshend, sitting Skibbereen, Union Hall 1850. Son of Captain Philip and Margaret Hungerford, m 1839 Frances Margaret d Rev. Arthur Herbert, Myross Wood. Probate 1861 to widow Frances Mary, £3,000.

Philip Somerville -1861), Priory (Prairie), Schull, 1850, listed 1850, 1856, 3rd son Thomas, Drishane, and Mary d Philip Townsend, Derry, m 1. daughter Horace Townsend, 2. 1816 Harriet d Richard Townsend, the Point, 3. Isabella d Redmond Uniacke, Old Court, Captain South Cork Militia. 1822 local fishery committee.  Freeman of Cork. May be churchwarden Castlehaven 1824. Donor 1825 to Schull Catholic Church. Grand Jury Presentment Sessions Schull, 1834.  Listed in 1841 election Longfield/Leader, £50 freeholder North Lisacaha, Schull.  Receiver under Court of Chancery for W. H. Hull, a minor turned out 10 from Hull estate at Lowertown 1845. Probate 1861 to John Limrick, Union Hall, £4,000.

Richard (Richard Nevile) Somerville, Castletownshend, Present at enquiry Skibbereen 1823 enquiry into fatal affray at Castlehaven caused by Rev. Morritt’s tithe extraction.  1822 local fishery committee. 1825 two day Admiralty sitting re’ Clio’, St. Johns New Brunswick, Skibbereen, Richard Townsend with Richard Townsend Junior, William Somerville Limrick, Richard Neville Somerville, award partially overturned by Baron Pennyfeather Cork Assizes.  11829 tithe commissioner Tullagh (Baltimore) with Thomas Evans.

Thomas Townshend Somerville, 1796, Castlehaven.  Freeman of Cork.

Rev. Thomas Somerville, Clerke, 1744, may have been earlier apprenticed to attorney Cork clerk to brother-in law Thomas Spraigh, Collector Baltimore.

Thomas Somerville Esq. D.L. (1797-1882), Drishane House,Castletownshend, son of Thomas, m Harriett Townsend of Castle Townsend in 1822, d Colonel Richard Boyle Townsend (1756-1827). Pre 1830, listed 1835 Castlehaven. Freeman of Cork.  Irish Speaking exhorted calm in notorious affray caused by Rev. Morritt tithe extraction. Signed public declaration in Skibbereen to Alexander O’Driscoll on his removal as Magistrate 1835 with Lord Bantry, Simon White, John Puxley, Arthur Hutchins, Thomas Baldwin, Samuel Townsend Junior and Senior, Richard Townsend Senior, Rev. Alleyn Evanson, Timothy O’Donovan, Richard Townsend, Lyttleton Lyster. 1838, sitting Skibbereen, 1835, 1850. Presentment sessions East Division of West Carbery, Skibbereen 1845.  A Thomas Somerville at Bandon Brunswick Constitutional Club 1828, Cork Spring Assizes 1863 HIgh Sheriff as Thomas, Drishane. 1828 application to Dublin Castle re gas supply for Skibbereen. involved with Richard Townsend,Castletownshend and James Redmond Barry, Glandore, in setting up Agricultural and Country Bank in Skibbereen, April 1835.  1835 Subscriber Lewis Topographical Dictionary of Ireland  1837. Chairman Skibbereen Board of Guardians 35 years, 1848-81. Chairing Skibbereen 1847 distress meeting.  1847 distribution forCastletownshend of New England Relief Committee Famine Relief.   Small estate 450 acres. Grandfather of Edith Somerville (1858-1949)

Thomas Henry Somerville D.L., 1862, Cobh, Resident, £155, may have m Elizabeth 10th d. Sir Josiah Coghill, 3rd Baronet, and Anna Maria d Chief Justice Bushe, son Colonel Thomas Cameron Fitzgerald Somerville b 1862, Malmaisson, Castletownshend  Check 

Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Somerville D.L.(1825-1898), Clontaff, Drishane/Union Hall, 1855, Resident, £119, listed 1875-6. British Army retired to Drishane 1858.  Owned 450 acres in 1870s. father of Edith Somerville. High Sheriff Co. Cork 1888. He and wife Adelaide parents of 8 including Edith Somerville (1859-1949).  Probate 1898 to son Aylmer Coghill Somerville, Drishane, £489. Check if correct Thomas

Colonel Townsend,Castletownshend, subscriber Dr. Daniel Donovan ‘History of Carbery, 1876.

Captain Thomas Somerville DL (1818-1891), The Prairie, Schull, subscriber Dr. Daniel Donovan ‘History of Carbery, 1876. Member election committee McCarthy Downing, Skibbereen, 1868. 1866 Freemason Treasurer Skibbereen 15th Lodge.  1878 Trustee marriage settlement Wright/Philips. Poor Law Guardian, Skibbereen 1884.  James Gilhooley MP alleged he was sitting in Skibbereen Quarter Sessions 1887 outside his district, he may have been living at Durrus Court at that stage.     Probate died at Beach Bantry, 1891 to wife Millicent Hart M.E., (Evans relation?) Ardrala, Newcourt, Skibbereen she died aged 63, 1898, £568. Widow’s probate to Robert Symms, Skibbereen, £970, Plaque in St. Brendan’s Church, Bantry put up by three daughters.  Attending Cork Grand Jury 13 times.

Colonel Thomas C. F. Somerville, 1919, Drishane House, Castletownshend, listed 1921.

Major General Pierpoint Mundy, (1815-1889), Castletownshend. Magistrate. First wife Harriet Georgina Tyler, descendant of Benjamin Sullivan, Clerk of the Crown for Cork 1720s Self Styled Ó Sullivan Mór, and Bridget Limrick daughter of Rev. Paul Limrick, Goleen. 2nd wife, Geraldine Henrietta Townshend (1829-1911). Major Cricket Player career.


Major General Pierpoint Mundy, (1815-1889), Castletownshend.  Magistrate also in Thornbury, Gloucestershire.  1884, signed a protest against the dismissal of Lord Rossmore, head of Orange Order, Monaghan.  Major General Pierpoint Henry Mundy RHA (1) JP of Thornbury House, Thornbury, Glos. He was the 3rd son of General Godfrey Basil Meynell Mundy of Shipley Hall, Derbyshire.  First wife Harriet Georgina Tyler, descendant of Benjamin Sullivan, Clerk of the Crown for Cork 1720s and Bridget Limrick daughter of Rev. Paul Limrick, Goleen. Married 30 April 1870, as his 2nd wife, Geraldine Henrietta Townshend (1829-1911).  Military and Cricket career.

Date of Birth:
Date of Death:dsp 3 Nov 1911

Mundy was born at Kirk Hallam to the General Godfrey Basil Meynell Mundy and his wife, Sarah Brydges Rodney.[1] He made his debut in first-class cricket for the Gentlemen of Kent against the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) at Chislehurst in 1838.[2] He made a further first-class appearance the following year against the MCC, this time playing for the Gentlemen of Sussex.[2] In 1842, he appeared in four first-class matches, playing for the MCC, the North, the Gentlemen, and the Gentlemen of England.[2] In 1845, he played a single first-class match for Manchester against Yorkshire.[2] Having chosen a career as a professional soldier, Mundy enslisted in the Royal Horse Artillery and by November 1847 he held the rank of second captain.[3] He was promoted to the rank of captain in March 1849.[4]

Despite his career in the British Army, he was still able to play first-class cricket, making two further appearances for the Gentlemen of England in 1851, and the Gentlemen of Kent in 1853.[2] Mundy made a total of nine first-class appearances, scoring 132 runs with a high score of 34, as well as taking 8 wickets at an average of 15.00.[5] Having been promoted to the ranks of major and lieutenant colonel prior to 1858, he was promoted to the rank of brevet colonel in April 1858.[6] He was promoted to the full rank of colonel in July 1864.[7] He ended his military career with the rank of major-general.[1] He was resident in Ireland at Castletownshend, before living at Thornbury, Gloucestershire in his latter years.[1] He was married twice during his life, having two children from his first marriage.[1] His son, Godfrey Mundy, would become an admiral in the Royal Navy.[1] He died at Thornbury in August 1889.

Rt. Hon. John Sullivan1 

M, #23999, b. 7 April 1749, d. 31 October 1839Last Edited=2 Aug 2018     Rt. Hon. John Sullivan was born on 7 April 1749.2 He was the son of Benjamin Sullivan and Bridget Limric.2 He married Lady Henrietta Anne Barbara Hobart, daughter of George Hobart, 3rd Earl of Buckinghamshire and Albinia Bertie, on 24 May 1789.2 He died on 31 October 1839 at age 90.2
     He lived at Riching’s Park, Buckinghamshire, EnglandG.3 He held the office of Under-Secretary of War between 1801 and 1805.2 He was appointed Privy Counsellor (P.C.) in 1805.3

Children of Rt. Hon. John Sullivan and Lady Henrietta Anne Barbara Hobart

Child of Rt. Hon. John Sullivan




Townsend Records:

http://www.astro.wisc .edu/~townsend/tree/record.php?ref=252

Benjamin Sullivan,

1720-1751, 1746, 1767 Benjamin Sullivan, self styled O’Sullivan Mór, according to Denny Lane Attorney, Barrister, Notary Public, 752 Clerk of the Crown (State Solicitor) for Counties Cork and Waterford. Thomas Harrison writing clerk to him 1742, Married Bridget Limerick daughter of Dr. Limerick, Rector Kilmoe (Ballydehob), 1742. 1771 listed as Clerk of the Crown with John Sullivan for Co. Cork and Waterford. “Father Philip mother Elizabeth Irwin a Presbyterian, Parish of St Paul. Benjamin Sullivan Senior Esq., eminent Attorney died London 1767, May have been Recorder of Cork 1765. son Sir Benjamin Sullivan, Kt, Judge Supreme Court Madras, the Right Hon John Sullivan of Richings Park, Co. Bucks, Privy Councillor, MP Old Sarum, Sir Richard Joseph Sullivan Captain RN and MP for Seaford Baronet UK 1804. Forbes, Gordon, Captain, 34th Regt, to Miss Peggy Sullivan, dau Benjamin, Esq., late of this City, at Christ Church – (HC 17/9/1770). 1746 WD WM SULLIVAN Denis of Shanagh, KER Farmer E WD DUGAN Mallaky of Clarogh, COR Dairyman F WM SULLIVAN Benjamin of Cork City Gent” “Protest against him being appointed Freeman as he allegedly did not serve 7 years as an apprentice, 1742, Memorial 77771. May be related to Laurence Sullivan speculation the Laurence was an illegitimate elder brother, d so Lawrence may be variation of Lábhrás a name common among the O’Sullivan Beres, Chairman of East India Company. Parliamentary biography gives his address as Dromeragh. (Dromreagh Durrus?). SULLIVAN, BENJAMIN – (5/11/1770) – To be let from the 25th of March next, several lots of ground in Fair-lane and Peacock lane in the North suburbs of this city. Proposals will be received for Benjamin Sullivan, Esq; by Mrs. Sullivan on the Mall. http://www2.ul.ie/pdf/943693677.pdf. 14 July 1747 Affidavit of serving order to pay the money levied on the execution to the defendant John Armstrong sworn by Cornelius Sullivan in front of Benjamin Sullivan. ” http://corkgen.org/publicgenealogy/cork/potpourri/corkancestors.com/Deathsmarriages2.htm Forbes, Gordon, Captain, 34th Regt, to Miss Peggy Sullivan, dau Benjamin, Esq., late of this City, at Christ Church – (HC 17/9/1770). MARTIN, DANIEL, Wines & Porter, lived in Mallow Lane, now removed to the house wherein Ben. Sullivan Esq. Formerly lived at the corner of the Fishambles near the Exchange, (CJ 4/10/1756) Oldest son Benjamin, 2nd son John,Memorial 1764, 161080, Thomas Lloyd Counsellor mentioned with John Lloyd Victualler, deed of 1750 mentioned wit George Dunscomb and Nicholas Weekes, Councillor Cork

Early Cork Legal Personnel



https://www.libraryireland.com/Atlas/Cork-Map.php

It used to be possible on WordPress to insert documents. Now it seems you need to click on link below.

Here legal personnel is defined widely to include writing clerks, process servers, census takers and Judges who had the Freedom of Cork conferred. Also are some lawyers who married into local areas as well as Cork Lawyers who worked worldwide. A substantial number worked in the British Colonial legal services.

There is a certain amount of genealogical, financial, political religious information. It is not always possible to say the records consulted are 100% accurate

An earlier version on Academia

https://www.academia.edu/32901104/Cork_Legal_Personnel_From_1199_5th_May_2017_-Sheet1?email_work_card=view-paper

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1KC9U62ythgy0HZkwethQI0q-R7iUp7p_YXD6JfSQph0/edit#gid=0

1863. We Hope We May Never See Carbery Without A Pack of Hounds, Cahermore House, Rosscarbery, Henry Jones Hungerford and Hungerford Magistrates.


We Hope We May Never See Carbery Without A Pack of Hounds,

 Skibbereen & West Carbery Eagle; or, South Western Advertiser 14 March 1863

Henry Jones Hungerford, TCD, 1856, Cahermore House, Rosscarbery, Resident, £454, 1870 return 3,532 acres.  Henry Jones Hungerford, the last effective owner and resident landlord of the Cahirmore Estate. He qualified as a Barrister and had little interest in the Estate. His income from rental was foolishly spent and on his death the Land Commission took it over.  Mary Boone Cowper Hungerford. Wife of Henry Jones Hungerford. (1870)..They had nine children most of whom emigrated.  1884, signed a protest against the dismissal of Lord Rossmore, head of Orange Order, Monaghan. At the time of its destruction in 1921 Cahermore was owned by a merchant named Regan, who had purchased the property from representatives of the Hungerford family “some years” after the death of Henry J. Hungerford, J.P.   Probably father 1863. We Hope We May Never See Carbery Without A Pack of Hounds. Dinner to Henry Jones Hungerford Esq., Cahermore, Rosscarbery, West Cork.   1861 executor, £13,000.  Thomas Hungerford Esq, TCD, Island House, Clonakilty

Launcelot Hungerford,  1865-1939    Resident Magistrate, Busselton, Western Australia.    Born Cahermore, Rosscarbery.  Doctor went to Australia. For two years he was district medical officer at Dongara, and was then transferred to Busselton, where, in addition to being a resident medical officer, he was also the resident magistrate. Cahermore, Rosscarbery, parents Henry Jones Hungerford, Mary Boon Cooper.  Died 2 February 1939; buried at the Karrakatta Cemetery in Perth, Western Australia, Anglican              

Richard Beecher Hungerford (1801-1894), probably son of, 1793 19 July Morning Herald “Married on Monday 8th Inst at St James, Bath, Richard Hungerford of the Island to Miss (Frances Eyre) Becher, dau of Richard Becher, Esq of Hollybrook, Co Cork”, Presentment sessions Ballydehob 1845, listed 1875-6, Ballyrisode House, Goleen. 1870 return 638 acres.  Daughter Frances married Matthew Sweetnam, Leamcon House, Schull, Magistrate. listed 1875,  Skibbereen, subscriber Dr. Daniel Donovan ‘History of Carbery, 1876.   Probate £52 to Winispeare Hungerford, Cork, Estates at Ballyrizard, Goleen, Island in Dunmanus Bay, Cremona violin, picture of John O’Donovan, brother of General O’Donovan and their mother, to be given to their relative ‘The O’Donovan’, Lissard, other pictures and books to his daughter Frances Sweetnam. 

Thomas Hungerford Esq., 1767, Union Hall.  Ancestor Captain Thomas Hungerford, of Farley, Somerset, settled in Cork where he was married in 1640. A Thomas Hungerford Senior was buried in Rosscarbery in 1710.  The Census of 1659 shows him as owner of Croaghna and Gortngrenane (Rathbarry area) with a population of 2 English and 13 Irish. He purchased considerable estates in the Rosscarbery area and on 28th October 1674 purchased Rathbarry Castle from Edward Williams. Died 1680-81, buried in Rosscarbery Cathedral where there is a monument to him. His son Richard left Rathbarry in 1691 and occupied the Island of Inchydoney, Clonakilty.   (Tuckey’s Cork Remembrancer) – AD 1772 – Feb. 24 – About three o clock this morning, the house of Thomas Hungerford, esquire, and the King’s stores at Glandore, were attacked by a great number of armed men, in order to rescue a cargo of tobacco; they were however beaten off by Mr. Hungerford, assisted by a party from the Thunderbolt cutter. Several of the persons who made the attack were wounded.  Shown 1788 as owner of adjoining lands estate map of Sir John Freke, Bart. 1809 subscriber of revised edition of Meredith Hanmer, Chronicles of Ireland.  1800 in a group including Hungerfords of The Island and Cahermore, William Allen of Ring, James Sadlier of Shannonvale, Rev. William Stewart, Wellfield signing Pre Union Manifesto.

Thomas Hungerford Esq, TCD, Island House, Clonakilty.  Thomas Hungerford (1789-1861). He established the present day estate of Cahirmore and married Alicia Jones, the daughter of a landed family from Glandore. 1817 Freemason Skibbereen. Thomas Hungerford, Cahirmore, County Cork, to Henry Goulburn, Chief Secretary, Dublin Castle, 7 August 1823, enclosing petition of Hungerford, Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquis Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant, Dublin Castle, referring to the distress of the peasantry in his district, and emphasising his belief in the benefits of establishing the linen trade on a permanent basis in the area. Requests a government loan of £3,000 to reclaim 300 acres of his own unimproved land for the cultivation of flax, and to establish a linen manufactory for weavers and spinners, 7 August 1823.  Cholera 1832. Lewis, 1837, Kilcoe:  Two manorial courts are held here monthly by the seneschals of the bishop of Ross and Thos. Hungerford Esq. respectively. In 1851 the Cahirmore estate covered the townlands of Cahirmore, Freehanes, Maulyregan, Maulantanavally and Gounbrack with total acreage of 2780 acres and a valuation of £962. Hungerford let the estate at a yearly rent of £4.0.0 an acre. This was usually increased depending on the quality of the land in some areas. Despite the huge income the estate was practically bankrupt by 1900. (c.1850)1822 local fishery committee.  Vice president Bandon Brunswick Constitutional Club 1828. County Freeman of Cork City voting in Cork City Election 1837. Listed 1835, 1838, 1842, 1843, sitting Rosscarbery, 1835. Gave evidence 1835 to enquiry to Poor Law Commission.  1861 Supporting Alexander O’Driscoll, J.P. suspended, Bandon 1841. Subscriber Lewis Topographical Dictionary of Ireland  1837, subscriber 1861 to Smith’s History of Cork. Attended 18, Grand Jury Presentments. 1861 probate to Henry Jones Hungerford, Millfield, £13,000.

Thomas Hungerford, (1795-1870), pre 1831, voted 1850 for William Hungerford as High Constable for Ibane and Ballyroe (Clonakilty).  

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Portrait of Alicia Jone Hungerford (c.1814) 

Present not certain which Thomas at enquiry Skibbereen 1823 into enquiry into fatal affray at Castlehaven caused by Rev. Morritt’s tithe extraction. Cork Summer Assizes 1828.  Involved in attempts to amicably resolve tithes 1838.  Attending Protestant Conservative Society meeting 1832.   Protestant protest meeting Cork 1834.  Subscriber as The Island Lewis Topographical Dictionary of Ireland  1837, subscriber 1861 to Smith’s History of Cork. Freedom of Cork 1830 described as radical and a very great one  in politics. County Freeman of Cork City voting in Cork City Election 1837. Attended 11, Grand Jury Presentments. Died 1870 probate £3,000, to widow Caroline nee Sandes.  Will recites complex marriage settlement 1842.

William Hungerford (1837-1908), 1881, Sun Mount, Ballyvackey and Castle Ventry, Clonakilty.  Farmer. 1884, signed a protest against the dismissal of Lord Rossmore, head of Orange Order, Monaghan. George Beamish was leasing Sunmount to Rev. W. John Day at the time of Griffith’s Valuation, when it was valued at £20 5s. Lewis refers to Ballyvackey as the seat of G. Beamish in 1837. In 1906 it was owned by William Hungerford and valued at £23. It is no longer extant.  Probate £1,738 to widow Ellen Lucinda nee Hedges Becher.

1782 June/July Outbreak of Influenza Cork.


1782 June/July Outbreak of Influenza Cork.

Couresy Cork Historical and Archaeological Society

In 1718, 19, 20 and 21, says Dr. Rogers, the greater number of those who lived near the slaughter-houses at Cork, died.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/evans/N27531.0001.001/1:12?rgn=div1;view=fulltext

M. S. letter from Dr. Tufts.

In the summer following no particular phenomena occurred; the elements were in their usual state, so far as my information extends; and in general the country enjoyed good health. A malignant fever prevailed, in some degree, in New-York, but excited no great alarm.

One year after this influenza in America, the same disease pervaded the eastern hemisphere. Its progress was from Siberia and Tartary westward; and it reached Europe in April and May 1782: I have no account of its course in America, but it seems to be probable, that it took its direction from America westward, and passing the Pacific in high northern latitudes, invaded Asia and Europe from the east. This must have been the case, if the epidemic in Europe was a continuation of that in America. For an account of this epidemic, see the publications of that year.

In 1782 happened considerable earthquakes in Calabria, du|ring which the mercury in the barometer in Scotland sunk within the tenth of an inch of the bottom of the scale, and the waters in many locks in the highlands were greatly agitated.

Obituary July 1878. Dr. David Hadden, Skibbereen, First Apothecary to Qualify in Ireland 1839 under New Regulations. , Dispensary Doctor, Castletownsend, Drimoleague, Contacted Famine Fever, On Retirement 1871 People of Drimoleague presented him with a Silver Bread Basket Containing 75 Sovereigns. A large Gift for a poor District. Leading Methodist, Extended Family.


Obituary July 1878. Dr. David Hadden, Skibbereen, First Apothecary to Qualify in Ireland 1839 under New Regulations. , Dispensary Doctor, Castletownsend, Drimoleague, Contacted Famine Fever, On Retirement 1871 People of Drimoleague presented him with a Silver Bread Basket Containing 75 Sovereigns. A large Gift for a poor District. Leading Methodist, Extended Family.

In many ways the dispensary doctors were the unsung heroes of 19th century Ireland. Their efforts in the 1830s largely freed Ireland from smallpox, perhaps the first in Western Europe. Time and time again they promoted vaccination, clean water, hygiene often agains ignorance not always confined to the poorer classes. Their pay was poor, 1874 Guardians of Skibbereen Poor Law Union revised salaries of Medical officers to £120 per annum. Comparable salaries fro Resident Magistrates (roughly corresponding the District Justice) who were being recruited from the 1850s were in the order of £400 plus various allowances and a pension.

David Hadden M.D., Glasgow Apothecary, first in Ireland to be licensed 1839 under new regulations. Physician and Surgeon. Dispensary Doctor Castletownsend during Famine. Retired 1871 after 19 year as Dispensary Doctor Dwimoleague. 1876 Hadden David, Main street Born 1817, Son of Rev. John Hadden, Abbeyleix. leading Methodist, Freemason Treasurer 15th Lodge. Testimonial to Mr. Fitzgerald manager Provincial Bank 1863. Window to him Abeystrewey Church. CC 21/12/1843) – ADDRESS TO ALEXANDER O’DRISCOLL, J.P., SKIBBEREEN 1843 [following his dismissal as a Magistrate] John Jagoe Welply M.D. named in will During famine caught fever, pneumonia 1850 after is recovery people of Drimoleague presented him with a silver bread basket containing 75 sovereigns. Born in Abbeyleix his was his brother William Henry possibly Wexford who trained as an apothecary and later practised medicine in Walhalla, Australia. 1859, Thomas Burke, M.D., Skibbereen. Estate £1,500. Named Daniel Donovan, M.D., David Hadden, M.D., Daniel McCartie, brewer. 1877 Testimonial 1877 to Dr.Maunsell Memorial Fund. He married one of the Evans sisters, Lissangle, James Crowley, North St and probably Ballyourane Caheragh, married Rebecca Evans. Dr. David Hadden MD, Skibbereen 1878 probate £2,000. Sons also doctors. Skellig List 1840s Ellen Hadden: daughter of Dr David Hadden who did much good work with the poor during the Famine (along with Dr Daniel Donovan). She married George Vickery in 1872 and they lived in Ballymartle (near Cork) and then Kinsale where George was the medical officer.

1878 Dr. David Henry Hadden MD Doctor in Bandon 1878 Methodist. Executor of father Dr. David Hadden MD, Skibbereen 1878 probate £2,000. Brothers also doctors. “Hadden, David, M.D., Skibbereen, (2 copies) Hadden, David, Junior, M.D., John Hadden, M.D. Lincolnshire Hadden, Provincial Bank, Cork Subscribers Dr. Daniel Donovan, History of Carbery 1876. ” Probably daughter Rachel Sarah baptised Methodist Church wife daughter of Henry and Rachel Wolfe

c1860-, 1879 Dr. John Hadden Skibbereen and practising Horn castle, Lincolnshire. One of 6 sons of Dr. David Haden of whom 5 became doctors. ” 1879 attending British Medical Association Annual meeting Cork.

1858-1949), Dr William Edward Hadden Worked Liverpool. Mines, Ship Doctor, Portadown “A marine interlude in 1884 for Dr William Edward Hadden (1858-1949), a doctor’s son from Skibbereen in County Cork, before he settled in Portadown, County Armagh – prepared by his grand-daughter Rosalind Hadden from his surviving letters and journals. My grandfather was the youngest of six brothers in a very Methodist and medical family. Five of the six sons became doctors – but there was room for only one to succeed to the practice of their father Dr David Hadden in Skibbereen. Young “”Eddie””, as he was called by the family, started by being apprenticed to his father; then he went to the new Queen’s College in Cork – but had barely begun his formal medical studies there when his father died in February 1878, leaving a complicated will for whose bequests there was unfortunately not enough money. Later that spring Eddie himself was seriously ill with typhus fever – caught from a patient – and in the letters he wrote to his widowed mother he frequently refers to continuing worries about his health as well as his finances. ” In November 1882, still aged only 24, he found his first proper post in England as assistant to a Dr James Marr in Castle Eden, a colliery village near Durham, at an annual salary of £90. He tells his mother that he had help in getting this from his eldest brother John (a doctor in Lincolnshire), and from a Liverpool cousin Harry Atkins (son of Dr David Hadden’s sister Anne, who had married a Methodist minister). WEH was elected to the Dispensary “by a majority of 1 from 17, at £9 per month all found except diet, with bedroom and sitting room”; he started work in the first week of February 1883. Liverpool was a more friendly place for him, with his aunt Anne and family, and his married sister Mary Ellen, living locally. “On 8 April WEH writes to say “”Today I have been offered the Sarnia – the pay is bad only £8 a month & no shore pay but I feel so poorly that I think it is right for me to take a voyage.”” April 18th 1884 South Dispensary Liverpool … “”I am off on Tuesday for Canada…”””

2018 Dr. David Hadden Professor of Endrocrinology, queens University Belfast

1877. British Medical Journal Plea for Pension for Dr. Daniel Donovan, Skibbereen, Heroic Doctor During Famine, Utterly Broken Down in Health, Principally from His Arduous Duties in the Famine. In Poor Circumstances. Died October 1877. In 1863 had Been presented by Local Gentry with Plate and a Purse of £150 for his services to the Poor. Appeal for His Widow and Four Unmarried Daughters as the Albert Insurance Company tht Insured is Life Failed. 1878 Petition of Earl of Beaconsfield, First Lord of the Treasury for Pension for Widow and daughters on Civil List. September 1878, recommendation that Mrs. Donovan be paid £200 from the Royal Bounty Fund.


British Medical Journal Plea for Pension for Dr. Daniel Donovan, Skibbereen, Heroic Doctor During Famine, Utterly Broken Down in Health, Principally from His Arduous Duties in the Famine. In Poor Circumstances

1808-, Edinburgh, died 1877 Dr. Daniel Donovan Senior MD Ed. Mr. Armstrong Classic School Rosscarbery, Dublin, Edinburgh. Doctor, Dispensary Officer Union Hall, Glandore 1830-1839, 1840. Magistrate, Donovan Daniel, sen, North street Retired 1870 succeeded by son. Skibbereen 1847 distress meeting. Seeking equality of endowment in Catholic education 1859. Born at Ross of ‘island’ branch who formerly owned Ross town. Son Henry Solicitor died 1873. Probate to widow Henrietta £800 1877. 1859, Thomas Burke, M.D., Skibbereen. Estate £1,500. Named Daniel Donovan, M.D., David Hadden, M.D., Daniel McCartie, brewer. “In 1835 Dr Dan married Henrietta Flynn and they had a family of six daughters and five sons. In 1839 he was appointed to the Skibbereen Dispensary and he was elected the first medical officer of the new Skibbereen Workhouse. Famine Diary of Doctor O’Donovan, Dispensary Doctor, Skibbereen, 1https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#inbox/164a5605c1527277?projector=1&messagePartId=0.1 “Dr Daniel Donovan – heroic figure of the Famine in Skibbereen By Philip O’Regan, Skibbereen Heritage Centre” “Cholera, Myross, Board of Health. CSO/RP/1832/1813/2. Chairman, Richard Townsend, J.P., Names of persons interested in the Board: Rev. Charles Bushe, Rector, Castlehaven Rev. James Tuckey, curate Rev. P. Crowley, P.P Rev. William Goulding, R.C. curate Rev. ..Bert.., R.C. curate Thomas Somerville, J.P Thomas Townsend, Lieutenant, R.N. Ralph Mansfield, J.P.

https://wordpress.com/block-editor/post/durrushistory.com/27133

https://wordpress.com/block-editor/post/durrushistory.com/34501

27th October 1877, Obituary:

February 1878.

February 1888

September 1878, recommendation that Mrs. Donovan be paid £200.

Durrus/Mizen/Caheragh/Bandon. West Cork Huguenot Families


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1YDnbrEmU6r9n-HURUU9LnYUat8BFf5IN4T0_7h969Zw/edit

From the mid 17th to early 18th century something around 5,000 Huguenots moved to Ireland from religious persecution in France.   The bulk arrived after the Revocation of the edict of Nantes in 1685. Dr. Alicia St. Ledger the historian of the Cork Huguenot community puts the number in Cork mid 18th century at around 300. In Cork City where many settled they had a French speaking church and minister. This group tended to be well educated, affluent, and involved as merchants, apothecaries, surgeons and as property developers reclaiming the Cork City marshes.  Over time they became English speaking and drifted into the mainstream Church of Ireland and gradually into the wider Catholic community.

No one knows for definite when the various Huguenot families arrived in the Mizen/Durrus areas.  In the main they were unlike their co religionists in Cork as they were artisans, small to medium farmers or labourers.  Oral tradition has it that they arrived by boat to Dunmanus Bay. They arrived perhaps c 1750s co incident with various attempts throughout West Cork by Landlords to develop weaving, linen and flax. The old village of Carrigbui (Durrus) was sometimes described as a weaver’s colony.

About 1750 around 60 Huguenots arrived in Cork on board the galley ‘Redhead’ destined for Innishannon with their pastor Rev. Peter Cortes.

They may have been  being involved in Thomas Addisons failed silk enterprises in Innishannon and left Kilmacsimon Quay for Dunmanus Bay.

1760.  Peter Cortez, Licensed to Preach in French for French Congregation at Innishannon Church of Ireland.  This is likely in connection with Adderly’s silk enterprise. Reputedly it attracted Huguenot artisans and may explain the later migration west of such families when the enterprise failed.

The late Mary Dukelow the Brahalish historian of the Dukelow family was told by Bernard O’Regan of Aughadown a local historian, that the Bernard family of Bandon had great sympathy for them.   The Bernards (later Lord Bandon) were the head landlords of the Durrus and some Mizen townlands.

The Durrus Evanson family came c 1690 and after getting into financial difficulty sold their estate to Francis Bernard, ancestor to Lord Bandon. They later had another estate across Dunmanus Bay centered on Ardgoena House. It seems that on their estate were a number of weaver colonies at Crottees, Durrus, Ahagouna, Brahalish and Droumreagh with possibly Coolculaghta on the Blair estate.  

1853, Rare Book Sale, John O’Daly, Dublin. Including 1816 Manuscript of Donlevy’s Irish Catechism, English and Irish Interpages, Neaty Written by John Cal. O’Callaghan, Innishannon.


1694-?1761 [Dunlevy; Donleavy; var. 1765; DD; LLD]; b. prob. Sligo; ed. nr. Ballymote, and Irish College, Paris, 1710; studied law; Prefect of the Irish College, where he drew up a new code of rules, making it subject to the University and the the diocese of Paris; Titular Dean of Raphoe, later Dean Raphoe; publ. An Teagasg Críosduidhe do reir ceasada agus freagartha or The Cathecism, or Christian Doctrine (Paris 1742), in Irish and English, being an “abridgement of Christian doctrine ” by Giolla Brighde Ó hEódhasa (or Bonaventura), and with an appendix on “The elements of the Irish Language”, was still in use in Maynooth up to 1848. ODNB DIW DUB OCIL FDA Douglas Hyde (1974) writes of Andrew Donleavy’s Catechism (Paris 1742; Dublin eds., 1822, 1848): the edition includes questions and answers in English and Irish, together with ‘an abridgement of the Christian doctrine in rhymed Irish, composed upwards of an Age ago by the zealous and learned F. Bonaventure Ó hEoghusa of the Order of S. Francis; and also with the elements of the Irish language, in Favour of such as would fain learn to read it; and thereby be useful to their Neighbour.’ The author bewails the fact that Irish is now ‘on the Brink of Utter Decay, to the great dishonour and shame of the Natives, who shall always pass every where for Irish-men, Although Irish-men without Irish is an Incongruity, and a great Bull. Besides, the Irish-Language is undeniably a very Ancient Mother-Language, and one of the smoothest in Europe, no way abounding in Monosyllables, nor clogged with rugged Consonants … And there is still extant a great Number of old valuable Irish Manuscripts, both in publick and private Hands, which would, if translated and published, give great Light into Antiquities of the Country, and furnish some able Pen with Materials enough, to write a compleat history of the Kingdom; What a Discredit then must it be to the whole Nation, to let such a Language go to Wrack …’. (Daly, p.40-41.)