1840.  Ballygurteen Fair, Dunmanway


1840.  Ballygurteen Fair, Dunmanway

 

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https://durrushistory.com/2016/07/24/sale-of-dunmanway-co-cork-lordship-of-manor-1858-including-tolls-of-ballygurteen-fair-patent-allows-3-per-year-2-held-1858-producing-30-per-annum-2/

https://durrushistory.com/2016/07/24/tolls-and-frequency-of-fairs-in-baronies-of-bantry-and-bere-and-west-carbery-9-fairs-skull-bantry-1843-4-fairs-from-a-grant-by-duke-of-devonshire-dunmanway-4-fairs-ballygurteen-clonakilty-6-fai/

https://durrushistory.com/2015/09/23/an-account-of-the-kilgariff-clonakilty-west-cork-eedy-family-to-clifton-and-bathurst-new-brunswick-canada-some-of-the-names-mentioned-knowles-bateman-beamish-french-morris-stanley-woulfe-c-2/

https://durrushistory.com/2015/01/21/from-harveys-jocular-medley-the-annual-fair-will-ne-held-on-the-13th-may-1738-at-donovans-leap-west-cork-now-called-tonsons-leap-in-west-carbery-affords-a-place-where-vast-numbers-of/

 

https://durrushistory.com/2013/04/30/teachers-of-baronies-of-east-and-west-carbery-bantry-and-bere-west-cork-1826/

 

 

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1616. XVI – 35, Patent 13, Grant from King James 1 of England to Sir Walter Coppinger, Esq., Cork City as Assignee of Sir James Semple, Co. Cork, In Barony of Carbery


 

https://www.google.ie/maps/place/Caheragh,+Co.+Cork/@51.6325476,-9.3152706,15z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x4845a797cbacb2a1:0xa00c7a99731ea90!8m2!3d51.6325484!4d-9.3065158?hl=en

This is the Grant to Sir Walter Coppinger of the former McCarthy Cloghane lands mainly around Caheagh.  The McCarthys took a mortgage from Coppinger, defaulted and he went into possession.  He engaged in surrender and re grand and acquire title in 1616.  Unfortunately for him be backed the wrong horse in 1641 and the land was forfeit .  A large part became the Evans , Lord Carbery estate in the 18th century.

  1.  XVI – 35,Patent 13, Grant from King James 1 of England to Sir Walter Coppinger, Esq., Cork City as Assignee of Sir James Semple, Co. Cork, In Barony of Carbery, The Castle, Townland,  Cloghan, otherwise Cloghan-Igaragh 3 Ploughlands,  at Ballycomane (Durrus) Half or Two Thirds? Ploughland, at Ballyourane (Caheragh), 3 Ploughlands at Clonecuggir (Caheragh), Lishearhigh, otherwise Lishorierigh and Inshinecottagh, 3 Ploughlands, Cullinagh, Gortdromagh, Maulenebagalshie, and Clonkine, 3 Loughlands 3 Gneeves, Adergole Cloghbooley Dirrileigh and Shrilane 3 Ploughlands, Lisclaraghmore, Lisclaraghbeg and Corriboly, 3 Ploughlands, Marrahen, Lands of  Kilefane,  Kilecloghan, Maelodama, Ballytony, Cregg and Droumbeg, 2 Ploughlands and 9  Gneeves, Lands at Dirrinyvaldane otherwise Dirrinvalane, Glannyroweregh, Killineleigh, Rine, Ballyvirine, Meole otherwise Neoale, Cowrinowhoige or Cowricowhig, and Ballingeornigh, 6 Ploughlands and 2 Gneeves, Lands at Rinecoolcusky, 3 Plouglands Half of Island, Town and Lands At Inishdrisdriskell, 5 and 3 Quarter Ploughlands, Half of the Island or Town of East Inishcame, 5 and 3 Quarter Ploughland, Half of the town or ploughland of Lishenrie otherwise Lishirie 1 ploughland, Half of Rinenysinnagh half Ploughland, Half of Kilasartalaghta, or Kilflaragh otherwise Kilsarlaghtie 1 Ploughland in Colihbeg, half of Leighclone, Kiockcullen, and Moninefarny, 3 Ploughlands, Half of Rathquine, Half Ploughland, Half Ploughland of Letterskanlon otherwise Litterskanalane, 1 Ploughland, Half of Shronekineagh otherwise Shroneskinnch, Half of Rinmoroghow, Half of Moughneglough,  Each 1 Ploughland, Half of Moughnaghbane half Ploughland of Colhibeg, Half of the Half Ploughland Called Torke, Half of the Half Ploughland Pollenecally, Quarter of the Poughland of  Lyshinyeghtragh all in Colhibeg, in Rinegreny, 2 Ploughlands, lying in Clanloughlin, Cloghamore 2 Ploughlands at Clantiegellen; Towghmaiche, 7 Ploughlands in Clanlaughlin, Balliwholachan, otherwise Balliwolighan, Knockwiganiff otherwise Knockanenaganiffe and Garran-Igriskin otherwise Garrenenygriskine 2 Ploughlands, Half Poughland, Coolenevarnoge otherwise Coolenyfaninge 2 Gneeves in Kinenleigh and 2 Gneeves in Ballyvirnie in Glanrowragh Out of Knockrodan otherwise Knockridane, Out of 5 Gneeves of Creg, Knockanemore and 4 Gneevees of Drombegg, 6 Ploughlands of  Barraghvilly, out of Aghagwihine, Ballicomane (Durrus), Cahir (KIlcrohane?) in Muintervara out of Ballyvorrrow, out of Ardagh, out of Oldcourt, out of Ballienard out of Glanfoine, out of Farreneocwise, out of Ballinegornaghnegneagh out of Kilneasclashie Maelbrack Laeterdaly, Reagcame, Cloghbooly, Carran, Cloghanmore Lissancrow, Kilnagrough, Lands Barreaghvilly 6 Ploughlands, Lissan otherwise Lishane and Bohernibridagh 3 Ploughlands, Aghill, 3 Ploughlands, Inshnynynaawe of  Inshinynawe, Killebeg, Killenleagh (Caheragh), otherwise Killinenyleigh, Cowlefarnoge, Coolenevaroge,  Ballyvikrine, and Knockridane, 3 Ploughlands, Knockanmore and  Cregg 1 Ploughland, and 3 Gneeves, In Litteertinlis otherwise Littermelis (Letterickey?) and Courenesen otherwise Corrinskin Castle 1 and a Half Ploughlands, Smoran 1 Ploughland, Saving to Donnnell McCarthy then in Kings keeping all Rents Due to his Ancestors

Ploughlands, Seisreaghs or Carrows, Tates or Ballyboes, Sessiaghs, Gneeves and Acres. The following is a Table showing these divisions: — 10 acres = 1 Gneeve. 2 Gneeves = 1 Sessiagh. 3 Sessiaghs = 1 Tate or Ballyboe. 2 Ballyboes = 1 Ploughland, Seisreagh or Carrow (120 aacres). 4 Ploughlands = 1 Ballybetagh or Townland 30 Ballybetaghs = 1 Trioca cead or Barony.

Patent 13, James 1.

 

//books.google.ie/books?id=XD5JAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA290&lpg=PA290&dq=court+of+pie+powder+cork&source=bl&ots=sGP5x0odBm&sig=7NQiA_r-dy0mVn77DXqHteKj5js&hl=ga&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjc4pXA-ZjWAhXsAMAKHTMQBlMQ6AEIOzAF#v=onepage&q=court%20of%20pie%20powder%cork&f=fals

 

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1615. Patent 15 of King James 1 of England, David Meade to Sell Liquor in Carbery, and to James Roche and Richard Liquor Licenses at Crookhaven and Berehaven


 

 

1615. Patent 15 of King James 1 of England, David Meade to Sell Liquor in Carbery, and to James Roche and Richard Liquor Licenses at Crookhaven and Berehaven

 

//books.google.ie/books?id=XD5JAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA290&lpg=PA290&dq=court+of+pie+powder+cork&source=bl&ots=sGP5x0odBm&sig=7NQiA_r-dy0mVn77DXqHteKj5js&hl=ga&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjc4pXA-ZjWAhXsAMAKHTMQBlMQ6AEIOzAF#v=onepage&q=court%20of%20pie%20powder%20cork&f=false

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1825 Petition of 70 Named Protestant Parishioners of Caheragh Pray to have a new Church constructed


https://www.google.ie/maps/place/Caheragh,+Co.+Cork/@51.6325476,-9.3152706,15z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x4845a797cbacb2a1:0xa00c7a99731ea90!8m2!3d51.6325484!4d-9.3065158?hl=en

Pre famine Caheragh had one of the highest rural population densities in the world.  The Protestant population was small.  Here perhaps not all signed, the Evans family of Lissangle, who were probably there are not signatories, perhaps they were Methodist.

Most of the Caheragh townlands appear early 17th century in surrender and re grants of the O’Donovans of Castledonovan and Sir Walter Coppinger (he mortgaged to the McCarthys and went into possession when they defaulted).  Their lands were forfeit for rebellion post 1641.

One of the complaints of the parishioners in that of a non-resident clergyman, who only appears once a year to collect tithes. The areas was the centre of anti tithe agitation in the 1820s.

https://durrushistory.com/2016/01/31/old-caheraagh-church-and-caheragh-poets-in-irish-na-baroidigh-sean-seamus-riocard-lissane-donnacha-muiris-and-paul-o-h-anngain-donnacha-o-briain-diarmuid-o-crualaoich-church-bell-provided-b/

 

https://durrushistory.com/2016/09/21/1601-reputed-ambush-and-massacre-of-osullivan-bere-troops-at-bishopsland-bridge-caheragh-west-cork-by-omahonys-returning-from-the-battle-of-kinsale/

 

https://durrushistory.com/2016/09/18/tomb-old-caheragh-graveyard-skibbereen-west-cork-of-timothy-mccarthy-downing-skibbereen-lawyer-landlord-mo-daughter-buried-died-aged-28-wife-of-captain-thomas-john-davys-justice-of-the-peace-lo/

 

https://durrushistory.com/2016/05/17/diarmuid-o-heigeartaigh-1856-1936-letter-caheragh-west-cork-teacher-scholar-author-of-tadhg-ciallmahar-re-18th-century-local-events-2/

..

 

1825 Petition of 70 Named Protestant Parishioners of Caheragh Pray to have a new church constructed

Mr. Thomas Wood, Woodford, Near Skibbereen

 

Parishioners:

 

Thomas Wood Senior (Relatives still in West Cork)

John Snr. Wood

Thomas W. Wood

Amelia Wood

William Levis

William Ross

Mary B. Ross

Amelia Ross

Mary Ross

Elizabeth Ross

Tristam? Ross

Letitia Ross

John Jermyn

Ursula Baker (Bakers of Rossmore, Durrus and Rochester, New York, Canada reputed related to Jermyns)

David Jermyn

Elizabeth Jermyn

David Jermyn

Mary Jermyn

John Jermyn

Thomas Jermyn

Mary Jermyn

John Jermyn

Thomas Jermyn

Mary Jermyn

Invart?Jermyn

Jane Jermyn

Fanny Jermyn

Thomas Wood

Mary Wood

Richard Hitchcock (Hitchcocks alos in Durrus)

Mary Wood

William Taylor

Mary Taylor

Catherine Wood

Thomas Ross

William Ross

Gibbs Ross (Gibbs a common name in families in Caheragh, Drimoleague, Durrus and in Catholic branches)

Anne Ross

Richard Cue

Samuel Cue

Anne Cue

Rebeca Cue

Richard Talbert

William? Talbert

Evizea? Talbert

Samuel Talbert

Robert Talbert

Mary Cotter (Cotters of Danish origin, a branch migrated from East Cork 1640s)

James Cotter

Annie Cotter

Michael Cotter

Paul Kingston

Eliza Kingston

William Kingston

Mary Kingston

Alexander Roberts

Richard Roberts

John Roberts

Sara Roberts

Abigail Roberts

Henry Sweetnam

George Sweetnam

Mary Sweetnam

Anne Sweetnam

Saragh Sweetnam

Mathew Sweetnam (Mathew/Matthew a common name in family in Dunbeacon, Skibbereen, Drinagh)

Henry  Sweetnam

John Sweetnam

Mary Sweetnam

Anne Sweetnam

..

CSO/RP/1825/245
TITLE: Petition of parishioners of the parish of Caheragh, County Cork, requesting aid be provided to build a parish church
SCOPE & CONTENT: Copy petition of the Protestant [Church of Ireland] parishioners of the parish of Caharagh [Caheragh], County Cork, to Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquis Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant, Dublin Castle, requesting aid be provided to build a parish church. States that Thomas Wood, one of their members, has agreed to supply a site for the proposed church at a reasonable cost, or alternatively that are agreeable to have a new building in the vicinity of the old graveyard. Remarks unlike their counterparts in neighbouring parishes, they have neither place of worship, resident clergyman or school; observes their rector, Reverend [John] Webb, only visits the parish once a year ‘for the purpose of Collecting his Tythes [tithes]’. Warns of the decline in religious observance and claims numbers of their community have ‘turned to mass and several have been buried without received Protestant burial’ rites. Complains that a number of applications for redress directed to the bishop of Cork and Ross [Thomas St Lawrence] have not received an answer, and asks that a reply to their memorial be sent to Thomas Wood Sr, Woodford, near Skibbereen, County Cork. Document signed by 70 parishioners with surnames Wood, Levis, Ross, Jermyn, Baker, Hitchcock, Taylor, Cue, Talbert, Cotter, Kingston, Roberts and Swetnam [Sweetman]. [Contains list of names not given in this description.]
EXTENT: 1 item; 3pp
DATE(S): c18 Mar 1825
DATE EARLY: 1825
DATE LATE: 1825
ORIGINAL REFERENCE:

1825/11216

 

 

 

1616.  Surrender and Regrant.  Patent of James 1 of England, Court of Pie Powder Reserved to Donnell O’Donovan for Fairs, Ascension Thursday and Townlands Listed from Castledonovan to Castlehaven, Caheragh, Glandore, Squince, Brahalish in Durrus. Manor of Castledonovan Power to Hold Court of Leet and Baron,  Friday Market at Rahine, Tuesday market at Drimoleague.


.https://www.google.ie/maps/place/Castledonovan+Castle,+Castledonovan,+Drimoleague,+Co.+Cork/@51.6920405,-9.2850446,17z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x484507d428e1a61f:0x62bb5de887ee57e9!8m2!3d51.6920372!4d-9.2828559?hl=en

 

1616.  Surrender and Regrant.  Patent of James 1 of England, Court of Pie Powder Reserved to Donnell O’Donovan for Fairs, Ascension Thursday and Townlands Listed from Castledonovan to Castlehaven, Caheragh, Glandore, Squince, Brahalish in Durrus. Manor of Castledonovan Power to Hold Court of Leet and Baron,  Friday Market at Rahine, Tuesday market at Drimoleague.

 

Under the old Gaelic system of land tenure the Chief at least in theory held the land in trust for the entire family.  Under the rolling English conquest they persuaded many to transfer their title to the English Crown and in return received title to them personally.  It is probably the case that the Gaelic system precluded long term development as it was not possible to borrow on the land and by not holding personally there was no incentive to improve.

..

Prior to the confiscations and forfeitures post 1641 the O’Donovans were the largest Landowners in Carbery after the McCarthys.  One branch who converted to the Church of Ireland managed to retain a small estate at Bawnlahan, near Leap.  After the death of ‘The O’Donovan’ (Lieutenant-General O’Donovan), in the 1820s the Chieftainship passes to the branch in Cork at Ronaynes Court/Montpelier, The Rev. Morgan O’Donovan whose descendant is still in Skibbereen as The O’Donovan.

 

Manor of Castledonovan power to Hold Court of Leet Friday Market at Rahine, Tuesday market at Drimoleague.

 

Ploughlands, Seisreaghs or Carrows, Tates or Ballyboes, Sessiaghs, Gneeves and Acres. The following is a Table showing these divisions: — 10 acres = 1 Gneeve. 2 Gneeves = 1 Sessiagh. 3 Sessiaghs = 1 Tate or Ballyboe. 2 Ballyboes = 1 Ploughland, Seisreagh or Carrow (120 aacres). 4 Ploughlands = 1 Ballybetagh or Townland 30 Ballybetaghs = 1 Trioca cead or Barony.

 

//books.google.ie/books?id=XD5JAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA290&lpg=PA290&dq=court+of+pie+powder+cork&source=bl&ots=sGP5x0odBm&sig=7NQiA_r-dy0mVn77DXqHteKj5js&hl=ga&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjc4pXA-ZjWAhXsAMAKHTMQBlMQ6AEIOzAF#v=onepage&q=court%20of%20pie%20powder%20cork&f=false

 

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1858.  Sale of Lordship of Manor of Dunmanway (Town Charter 1693), The Purchaser will be Entitled as Lord of the Manor, To Hold  a Court of Pie Powder, To Adjudicate at Disputes Arising From Fairs.


https://www.google.ie/maps/place/Dunmanway+North,+Dunmanway,+Co.+Cork/@51.7222696,-9.1205636,15z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x484501afd195aefd:0xa00c7a99731ffb0!8m2!3d51.7222571!4d-9.1118088?hl=en

 

1858.  Sale of Lordship of Manor of Dunmanway, The Purchaser will be Entitled as Lord of the Manor, To Hold  Court of Pie Powder, To Adjudicate at Disputes Arising From fairs.

The Court of Pie Powder was a necessary adjunct to the fair, and was originally established for the purpose of settling all disputes arising therein.  It was a very summary court of justice as circumstances required it to be, for it was intended to arrange difficulties between parties who had come from distant places to attend the fair, and whose occupation of pedlars, or traveling merchants, required that immediate jurisdiction should in all cases be had. It was usual, therefore, for transgressors to be arrested, the cause tried, and judgment given in the space of one hour.

 

….

https://durrushistory.com/2017/06/02/ancient-bawnlanan-fair-day-ascention-thursday/

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/31804

 

 

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March 1798.  Rosscarbery Select Vestry meeting to Levy a Rate to provide Four Men to Serve in  Militia and to Levy Seven  and a Half Pence Per Gneeve.  Further meeting August 1803 to levy £1-6-o per ploughland to raise 5 men for Militia and £5-13-9 on town of Rosscarbery. Cost of Levy for Cork City and County.


 

https://www.google.ie/maps/place/Townlands,+Rosscarbery,+Co.+Cork/@51.5776825,-9.0467548,15z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x4844534d26ee84cb:0xa00c7a99731a390!8m2!3d51.57767!4d-9.038?hl=en

March 1798.  Rosscarbery Select Vestry meeting to Levy a Rate to provide Four Men to Serve in  Militia and to Levy Seven  and a Half Pence Per Gneeve.

How do you define the word ‘gneeve?’  It is the twelfth part of a ploughland; and those ploughlands and gneeves vary in size. One Gneeve may be as large as twelve others. Some Gneeves do not exceed from four to five acres in extent. Other Gneeves have thirty acres on it, they are  let according to their value.

Gneeve?  It is the twelfth part of a ploughland; and those ploughlands and gneeves vary in size. One gneeve may  as large as twelve others. Some do not exceed from four to five acres in extent; others gneeves which has thirty acres on it : it is let according to its value or capacity to bear livestock (like in Irish féar dha bhó, grass of two cows).

The backdrop is the 1798 Rebellion of the United Irishmen.  There was an amount of latent support locally and two years earlier the French had Attempted a Major Landing in Bantry without Success.

Robert Swanton of Ballydehob was an active United Irishman, he fled to New York later becoming an Admiralty Judge. Surgeon O’Connor as Alexander McCarthy, Barrister of Bantry were convicted of United Irishmen offences adn transported to Australia.

The Vestry apart from its church functions was pivotal in administrative affairs, collecting the county cess with the Baronial Constable, road maintenance burying the indigent dead, care of foundlings of whom there were may.

This is from the records of Ross from 1680 which have survived, luckily the Minister ignored the command to deposit the books in the Public Records Office in 1920 for safety. If anyone wants them  e mail me at pat25a@gmail.com

https://durrushistory.com/2016/06/21/25801/

https://durrushistory.com/2017/05/04/1714-1841-unrest-in-barony-of-west-muskerry-co-cork-whiteboys-anti-tithe-agitation-war-of-independence-british-army-and-militia-deployments/

https://durrushistory.com/2016/08/15/marriage-settlement-1781-of-lieutenant-william-hamilton-blair-blairs-cove-durrus-his-majesties-city-of-cork-militia-to-helen-little-carrick-on-shannon-co-leitrim-2/

https://durrushistory.com/2016/01/24/bantry-protestant-militia-and-volunteers-1779-2/

 

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https://books.google.ie/books?id=8iA6AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA823&lpg=PA823&dq=levy+for+ilitia+cork&source=bl&ots=Gv-XDyuKRy&sig=3J3GgCdvtzznwiv8XF6ymNotwyw&hl=ga&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjQvtOa9JjWAhXJCcAKHeLEDRcQ6AEIIjAA#v=onepage&q=%20cork&f=false

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1403 Papal Dispensation for Donatus O’Driscoll as Parish Priest of Castlehaven, as Son of Priest and Unmarried Woman followed by his Son Cornelius who became Parish priest in 1447.  Papal Dispensation as both parents of Noble Birth.   1823.  Affray at Castlehaven Caused by Rev. Morritt’s Extraction of Tithes, Irish Speaking Magistrate Somerville Exhorting Calm, Poem to Commorate ‘Battle of Trá-la-Gough’ (Tralagough)


1403 Papal Dispensation for Donatus O’Driscoll as Parish Priest of Castlehaven, as Son of Priest and Unmarried Woman followed by his Son Cornelius who became Parish priest in 1447.  Papal Dispensation as both parents of Noble Birth.   1823.  Affray at Castlehaven Caused by Rev. Morritt’s Extraction of Tithes, Irish Speaking Magistrate Somerville Exhorting Calm, Poem to Commorate ‘Battle of Trá-la-Gough’ (Tralagough)

https://durrushistory.com/2016/05/06/1823-inquest-into-affray-occasioned-by-the-rev-robert-morritt-rector-of-creagh-and-castlehaven-notorious-extraction-of-tithes-caused-at-castlehaven-west-cork-at-which-fatalities-occurred-sto/

https://durrushistory.com/2016/05/06/1823-rev-robert-morritt-rector-of-creagh-and-castlehaven-west-cork-notorious-extractor-of-tithes-caused-affray-at-castlehaven-at-which-fatalities-occurred-stones-placed-into-mouths-of-killed-po/

From Edith Somerville 1940 history of Somerville family.

20170817_135411 (1)

20170817_135415

20170817_135417

Thomas Somerville Esq. (1797-1882), Drishane House, Castletownsend, son of Thomas, m Harriett Townsend of Castle Townsend in 1822, d Richard Boyle Townsend (1756-1827). Pre 1830, listed 1835 Castlehaven.  Irish Speaking exhorted calm in notorious affray caused by Rev. Morritt tithe extraction.  Signed public declaration in Skibbereen to Alexander O’Driscoll on his removal as Magistrate 1835 with Lord Bantry, Simon White, John Puxley, Arthur Hutchins, Thomas Baldwin, Samuel Townsend Junior and Senior, Richard Townsend Senior, Rev. Alleyn Evanson, Timothy O’Donovan, Richard Townsend, Lyttleton Lyster. 1838, sitting Skibbereen, 1835, 1850. Presentment sessions East Division of West Carbery, Skibbereen 1845.  A Thomas Somerville at Bandon Brunswick Constitutional Club 1828,  Cork Spring Assizes 1863 High Sheriff  as Thomas, Drishane. 1828 application to Dublin Castle re gas supply for Skibbereen. involved with Richard Townsend, Castletownsend and James Redmond Barry, Glandore, in setting up Agricultural and Country Bank in Skibbereen, April 1835.  1835 Subscriber Lewis Topographical Dictionary of Ireland  1837.  Chairman Skibbereen Board of Guardians 35 years, 1848-81. Chairing Skibbereen 1847 distress meeting.  1847 distribution for Castletownsend of New England Relief Committee Famine Relief.   Small estate 450 acres. Grand father of Edith Somerville (1858-1949).

1823.  Affray at Castlehaven Caused by Rev. Morritt’s Extraction of Tithes, Iris Speaking Magistrate Somerville Exorting Calm, Poem to Commorate ‘Battle of Trá-la-Gough’, (Tralagough).

 

 

 

O’Driscolls:

 

1403 Papal Dispensation for Donatus O’Driscoll as Parish priest of Castlehaven, as Son of Priest and Unmarried Woman followed by his Son Corneliuswho became Parish priest in 1447.  Papal Dispensation as both parents of Noble Birth

 

 

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Late 18th early 19th Century Interplay of the Select Vestries of the Church of Ireland (State Church) in Local Administration, Barony of Carbery, Castlehaven, Drimoleague, Durrus, Cess Payer Representatives Named


rkings of Cork Grand Jury:

 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1uGCxYYvCGNEbpzypv-6tdTnz78HsuF_YJELLh9ezWvM/edit

 

Late 18th early 19th Century Interplay of the Select Vestries of the Church of Ireland (State Church) in Local Administration, Barony of Carbery, Castlehaven, Drimoleague, Durrus

The Church of Ireland was the State Church of Ireland until Disestablishment in 1871.  In each parish the select Vestry met not only for the business of the church but for civil matters.

In the Castlehaven Vestry Books there was a listing for those on whom cess was imposed.  The records also appointed road overseers and parish overseers.

In some parishes where records are extant the first vestry was Protestant only and dealt with church matters. Later it re convened with some prominent local Catholics and civil matters were decided.  In Castlehaven that included looking after foundlings clothing for the poor and such matters.

The cess to pay for roads, bridges, and other public works was set in the Baronial ‘Presentment Sessions’, where petitioners applied for funding for such works, were originally held as part of the County Assizes, though the costs were paid from the Barony Cess if the work was of local benefit only. The County Grand Jury was supposed to have included jurors from each Barony, though this did not always happen. From 1819, significantly modified in 1836, Baronial Presentment Sessions were held for these purposes, with a local jury picked by the county grand jury from among the Barony’s highest rate-payers, according to a complicated formula. The baronial presentment sessions were a convoluted process, lacking public confidence and marred by allegations of corruption and favouritism. Special emergency sessions were held during the Famine of the 1840s for the make-work schemes.

Notification, July 1828, by William Swanton, Baronial High Constable, Gortnagrough, Ballydehob, West Cork to Parties Aggrieved by Posting of Cess Levies at Church Doors West Carbery, West Division to Appear in Carrigboy (Durrus) Courthouse.

From Drimoleague Vestry Records.  Church Wardens elect and up to half a dozen other male parishioners (applotters) would be tasked with collected the Cess. The formula went “Church Wardens, Church Wardens Elect, senior individuals from the Parish.

Cess Tax

The cess was generally in the region of 12% of gross rents and was used by the Grand Jury (the predecessor of the County Council established in 1899) to fund works such as road and bridges.   The collection was done by Baronial Constables who charged a poundage,  They had a staff of drivers and presumably proctors who enforced payment.  A popular method of extraction was the seizing of cattle, pigs or other livestock.  They were then detained in local pounds until sale.  The memory lives on in local speech with the phrase ‘Bad cess to you’.

1843 Baronial Constables.  Bantry and Bere, John O’Sullivan.  Bandon town, Horace Poole.   East Division, West Carbery, Samuel Levis.  West Division West Carbery, William Swanton.

Cess Payers.

NAMES and PLACES of RESIDENCE of the CESS PAYERS nominated by the County Grand Jury at the last Assizes, to be associated with the Magistrates at Special Road Sessions to be holden in and for the several Baronies within the County, preparatory to the next Assizes, pursuant to Act 3 and 4 Wm. 4, ch. 78.

Barony of Bere John O’Sullivan Cameatringane David Kinnigan, Bawn Edward Puxley, Oaklodge William Trenwith, Droumdir
James Downing, Castletown Daniel  Sullivan, Dramguiven Roger O’Sullivan, Seapoint John Harrington, Killmacowen Timothy O’Sullivan, Connahanavoe
Richard Martin, Clonee John Harrington, Grenane Timothy O’Sullivan, Castletown William Murphy, Inchintaaglin William Trenwith, Droumdir
Timothy O’Sullivan, Castletown
Barony of Bantry William O’Sullivan Carriganass, Kealkil Michael Sullivan, Droumlickeerue John O’Connell, Bantry Richard Levis, Rooska
William Pearson, Droumclough, Bantry Daniel O’Sullivan, Reedonegan Jeremiah O’Sullivan, Droumadureen John Cotter, Lisheens, James Vickery, Mullagh, Bantry
Rec. Henry Sadler, The Glebe John Godson, Bantry Richard Pattison, Cappanabowl, Bantry John Kingston, Bantry Samuel Vickery, Franchagh
William Pearson, Cahirdaniel, Bantry Robert Vickery, Dunbittern, Bantry Daniel Mellifont, Donemark John Hamilton White, Droumbroe Samuel Daly, Droumkeal
John S. Bird, Bantry William Warren, Reendesert William Vickery, Rooska Denis Lehane, Trenmadry John Brien Corkery, Bantry
Barony of East Division West Carbery Rev. John Wright, Killinah Gibbs Ross, Smorane, Skibbereen Alexander McCarthy, Laherdaly Philip Somerville, Union Hall
John Swanton, Killinagh George Long, Paddock, Skibbereen Philip Attridge, Carrigfada John Sweetnam, Clover Hill, Skibbereen Robert evans, Ardraly, Skibbereen
George Beamish, Lakemount, Skibbereen Richard Swanton, Hollyhill, Aughadown, Skibbereen Nathaniel Lannon (Lannin), Gortnaclohy, Skibbereen Henry Newman, Gurtnamuckla, Caheragh Henry Right (Wright?), Skibbereen
Hugh Jagoe, Lahina Arthur Attridge, Riverview Francis Beamish, Skibbereen Robert Ellis, Carrihaliccca William Young, Letter Scanlan, Skibbereen
William Louth, Glandore House John Levis, Leighluinn George Evans, Drimindad, William Taylor, Drimindah
Barony of West Division West Carbery Thomas Roberts, Quolah Robert Swanton, Ratruane, Schull Alexander O’Driscoll, Gurtnascrena, Drimoleague Alexander Evans, Lisangle, Caheragh
Philip Somerville, Maulavodera, Ballyehob Charles Dukelow, Durrus William C. Browne, Crowe William Long, Greenmount, Ballydehob Richard Swanton, Ratruane, Ballydehob
Rev. Edward Alcock, Clashadoo Glebe, Durrus Murty Houlahane, Clahane, Caheragh George Vickery Inchegerig, Caheragh William Vickery, Ballycomane, Durrus James McCarthy, Ballydevlin, Goleen
James Swanton, Marsh, Skibbereen Timothy O’Donovan, O’Donovan’s Cove, Durrus Andrew Caverly, Ardentenant, Schull William Newman, Woodlands, Schull Joseph Wolfe, Ballycumisk, Schull

Thanks to Susan Barretta, Salt Lake City, Utah and Jean Prendergast:

http://corkgen.org/publicgenealogy/cork/potpourri/corkancestors.com/Castlehaven.htm

Vestry Meeting 4 April 1743 – no CW appointed, 2 attendees

Inhabitants of Castletownsend 1789 assessed for Parish Cess

SURNAMES

Anorwen, Maj. Castletownsend Cess 1789

Atkins, James Castletownsend Cess 1789

Atkins, Mrs. Castletownsend Cess 1789

Blackburn, Widow Castletownsend Cess 1789

Blackburne, John Castletownsend Cess 1789

Blake, Ned Castletownsend Cess 1789

Bolton, Arthur Castletownsend Cess 1789

Bray, John Castletownsend Cess 1789/ Brien, Danl. Castletownsend Cess 1789

Brien, David Castletownsend Cess 1789

Brien, Dens. Castletownsend Cess 1789

Brien, John Castletownsend Cess 1789

Brien, Patrick Castletownsend Cess 1789

Busteed, Francis, app. Overseer of the Parish 87. VM 1 JULY 1799

Cahalane, James Castletownsend Cess 1789

Calahan, Tim Castletownsend Cess 1789

Chard, James Castletownsend Cess 1789

Chard, Chard, Widow Castletownsend Cess 1789

Coghlans Castletownsend Cess 1789

Coleman, Henry Castletownsend Cess 1789

Connel, Charly Castletownsend Cess 1789

Connell, Morgan Castletownsend Cess 1789

Copythorn Castletownsend Cess 1789

Cullane, Daniel, app. Director of the High Way in CTend 37. VM 4 OCT 1757

Dalys Castletownsend Cess 1789

Donovan, Daniel, otherwise Blackstaff, of Forenought, app. CW 56. VM 13 APRIL 1773

Donovan, Denis, ‘to be app. Sidesman to assist in collecting the Cess.’ 86. VM 25 Donovan, James Castletownsend Cess 1789/ Donovan, James 75. VM 6 APRIL 1790

Donovan, Jerry Castletownsend Cess 1789

Driscol, Dens. Castletownsend Cess 1789

Driscol, Tim Castletownsend Cess 1789

Duff, Malachi Castletownsend Cess 1789

Dunne, Dens. Castletownsend Cess 1789

French, R……., app. Overseer of the Parish 87. VM 1 JULY 1799

Garter, John Castletownsend Cess 1789

Gibbs, Willm., app. Overseer of the Parish

Gilman, Tom Castletownsend Cess 1789

Hamilton, Wm. Castletownsend Cess 1789

Hungerford, Mr. Castletownsend Cess 1789

Josshin, Co… Castletownsend Cess 1789

Juoneen (?), Andrew Castletownsend Cess 1789

Keal, Dens. Castletownsend Cess 1789 (listed twice)

Kean, James Castletownsend Cess 1789

Keane, Mrs. Castletownsend Cess 1789

Keoghan, Jn. Castletownsend Cess 1789

Legoe Castletownsend Cess 1789

Limerick, Mrs. Castletownsend Cess 1789

Linard Castletownsend Cess 1789

Mc Gill, Mrs. Castletownsend Cess 1789

Mahony, Widow Castletownsend Cess1789

Morris, Wm., Esq. Castletownsend Cess 1789

Morriss, Mrs. Castletownsend Cess 1789

Neil, James Castletownsend Cess 1789

Randles, Tim Castletownsend Cess 1789

Regan, Tim Castletownsend Cess 1789

Rountree, Harding, app. Overseer of the Parish 87. VM 1 JULY 1799 / Rountree, Harding Rountree, Peter 127. VM 1 FEB 1819 / Rountree, Peter 128. VM 13 APRIL 1819/ Rountree, Peter 130. VM 3 APRIL 1820

Rowe, Danl. Castletownsend Cess 1789/ Rowe, Danl. 76. VM Easter Monday 1791/ Sabourin, Jn. Castletownsend Cess 1789/ Sabourin, John 120. VM 24 FEB 1817

Salters Castletownsend Cess 1789

Sullivan, James Castletownsend Cess 1789

Sullivan, John Castletownsend Cess 1789

Sweeny, Dudley Castletownsend Cess 1789

Townsend, Edw. H., app. Overseer of the Parish JULY 1757

Townsend, Richard, Esq., app. Director of the High Way in CTend 37. VM 4 OCT 1757/ Townsend, Rich., app. Overseer of the Parish 87. VM 1 JULY 1799

Townsend, Widow Castletownsend Cess 1789

Triphook, T.S., app. Overseer of the Parish 87. VM 1 JULY 1799

Trowner Castletownsend Cess 1789

Whelan, Dan Castletownsend Cess 1789

White, Willm., of Castletownsend, app. CW 29. VM 1 APRIL 1755

Wolahane, Nell Castletownsend Cess 1789

Willby, Capt. Castletownsend Cess 1789

Thomas Ware Esq., Pre 1831, Woodford, Mallow, Sitting Mallow, 1835.  Attending Cork Grand Jury 11 times.  Thomas Ware, Landlord, Vice Chairman Board of Guardians. Complained about the operation of the County Cess.   The High Constable furnishes to the Church Wardens a certificate stating the amount of the Cess to be levied against the Parish, manor or denomination. However he may give a Certificate only to the amount to be levied against the entire Parish.  If he does that it is impossible to applot the Cess and he can make an individual liable for the Cess of the entire ploughland and make him collect on his behalf.  If he defaults he may distrain him.  The system has given rise to great oppressions.  He was aware of an example where the Constable had collected more than justified by the Treasurer’s warrant, he brought the matter before the Grand Jury and the Constable was dismissed.  http://www.dippam.ac.uk/eppi/documents/11941/page/282823