1804, Parish Constable Authorised to Remove Single Woman who has given birth to a Female Bastard Child who is likely to be a charge on the Parish to The House of Correction, to Punish her and set her to Work for One Whole Year.  Warrant to Apprehend the Father of a Bastard Child.


1804, Parish Constable Authorised to Remove Single Woman who has given birth to a Female Bastard Child who is likely to be a charge on the Parish to The House of Correction, to Punish her and set her to Work for One Whole Year.  Warrant to Apprehend the Father of a Bastard Child.

Until the Church of Ireland was Disestablished in 1871 it was the Irish State Church.  For Vestry Minutes for West Cork which have survived r were often two meetings, the first to deal with religious matters and the second often having Catholic attendees dealing with civic matters.  One item that often came up was the care of foundlings, the payment of wet nurses and the financing of same.

The Cork Grand Jury records often have an allocation for Parish to provide finance for such care.The reference to the Parish Constable was the situation before the RIC came into being in the 1820s. These Constable had a poor reputation and were often broken down old  military pensioners mostly Protestant.

 

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Some years ago a Canadian Researcher looked at the 19th Irish Catholic and Protestant and conclude what difference theewere between them weemonor.  He distinguishes them from other Northern Europeans showing that they had large families, a propensity to emigrate and low rates of illegitimacy.

 

In the mid 1830 the Devon Commission looking at Irish Poverty had a questionnaire  on ‘bastardy’.  One of the issues what was happened when a girl became pregnant by a ‘Gentleman’.  Apparently there was a well developed pattern of compensation which would then enable her to marry well.  It may explain some of the surprising DNA results coming through recently.

1804 Justice of the Peace (Magistrate) Guide, Papist Warrants including Committal of a Popish Priest for Marrying Contrary to Law.


1804 Justice of the Peace (Magistrate) Guide, Papist Warrants including Committal of a Popish Priest for Marrying Contrary to Law.

Even in 1804 these measures were a throwback to the Penal Laws of the early 18th century and had fallen into abeyance.  The marriage stipulation features in a major case c 1770s involving one of the Bantry Whites (later Lord Bantry family).  He had married a Miss Dillon, a Catholic.  He later had the marriage annulled as it was illegal having been  performed by a ‘Popish Priest’

The Guide generally contains many measures of an economic nature the regulation of linen/flax, butter, coopering, roads, bridges.

 

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The regulation of Marriage was done by the Church of Ireland then the State Church of Ireland through the Diocesan Court and Registry, for Cork:

 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1FWBV3gRAeVpYqD5Nlq9j4by9xQGww9Y141pT1mZshpA/edit

 

Cork Marriage Licence Bonds:

 

http://www.corkpastandpresent.ie/genealogy/CPPgenealogy21oct2013/index_to_marriage_license_bonds_diocese_cork_and_ross.pdf

 

 

West Cork Landlords Hovering on Insolvency From 1790s and Rise of New Class.


 

West Cork Landlords Hovering on Insolvency From 1790s and Rise of New Class.

These two deed abstracts are interesting on a number of fronts.
It shows that contrary to accepted belief many of the Landed Estate were hovering on insolvency from at least the 1790s despite buoyant economic times. There is a class up to now largely obscured from the historical narrative who were extremely wealthy and acquired significant interest from the local landlords.
When the Becher Estate was being sold by the Landed Estate Court in the 1850 it was stated that the rental was only a quarter of the market rate.  The holders of the subleases such as th Swantons, Levis, Longs, Sweetnams various branches of McCarthys were getting the benefit of the market rent having rents fixed many years before.
In the 1790s John Young probably of Aughadown branch lent £3,000 against Cahergall I presume Kilcrohane to Becher/Syms/Browne. If it is the Kilcrohane townland it is a huge amount against that property.  It may be part of lands acquired by the Bechers from Donogh O’Daly, Gent., 1705. It also confirms the patterns that deed transcription identifies that the landlords of Bantry, Durrus, Skibbereen were on the verge of insolvency from the 1790s and were bailed out by mortgages and rent charges by wealthy Merchants/Contractors both Catholic and Protestants such as the Ballydehob Swanton, Levis, Young, McCarthy, O’Sullivans/O’Donovans of Bantry, Shannons of  Durrus.
Similar deeds from that peris pu the Evansons/Blairs/Hutchinsons of Durrus in the same category.
The 1824 deed seems to confirm that the Bantry Youngs and the Aughadown family are the same line.  There is a Young deed of 1760 of Letterscanlon, Aughadown where they are described as coopers, a legacy maybe of the pilchards. We know from the Bantry Fishing Enquiry of 1836 that the Youngs were in Bantry before 1640.  They lost £5,000 in the collapse of a Bilbao Bank around 1640.
The Youngs  link to them DNA wise as to Crowley, Evans, Gosnell, O’Regan, O’Sullivan Prittie all families interconnected and possibly also with Beechers.
Sample rent charges:
Registry of Deeds Project:
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Type of deed Date of current deed 2 Apr 1824 Vol Page Memorial
Deed of Assignment Date of earlier deed 791 188 534724
No Role(s) in earlier deed(s) Role in current deed(s) Family name Forename Place Occ or title A
A P1 CLERKE Thomas of Skibbereen, Co Cork Executor of will of John Young (C) A
B P1 SANDY William of Kinslae, Co Cork Executor of will of John Young (C) A
C P3 testator YOUNG John of Skibbereen, Co Cork Esq; deceased
D P2 BIRD Robert Nicholas of Bantry, Co Cork Esq
E mentioned SWETNAM John of Mardyke near Skibbereen, Co Cork Executor of will of John Young (C); since deceased
F P1 SYMS Theophilus Morris of Hollybrook, Co Cork Gent; involved in a mortgage 1794
G P1 BROWNE Thomas Mitchell of Rockbarrow, Co Cork Esq; involved in a mortgage 1794
H P2, P1 BECHER Richard of Hollybrook, Co Cork Esq
I P1 BECHER John of Hollybrook, Co Cork Esq; deceased since 1794; eldest son of Richard Becher (H)
J P2 WHITE Richard of then of Seafield Park, Bantry now Earl of Bantry
K P3 ALLEN Thomas of City of Cork Esq
L mentioned BECHER Mary of otherwise Allen; wife of Richard Becher (H)
M WD WM MAHONY James of Skibbereen, Co Cork Gent A
N WD WM MCCARTHY Charles of Skibbereen, Co Cork Shopkeeper A
O WM BRENAN George of City of Cork Gent A
Abstract Complex deed involving wills & mortgages of the Becher family
MS Date registered 27 Apr 1824 Date abstract added 20170403

Abstract made by: RonPrice

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Type of deed Date of current deed 2 Apr 1824 Vol Page Memorial
Deed of Assignment Date of earlier deed 791 188 534724
No Role(s) in earlier deed(s) Role in current deed(s) Family name Forename Place Occ or title A
A P1 CLERKE Thomas of Skibbereen, Co Cork Executor of will of John Young (C) A
B P1 SANDY William of Kinslae, Co Cork Executor of will of John Young (C) A
C P3 testator YOUNG John of Skibbereen, Co Cork Esq; deceased
D P2 BIRD Robert Nicholas of Bantry, Co Cork Esq
E mentioned SWETNAM John of Mardyke near Skibbereen, Co Cork Executor of will of John Young (C); since deceased
F P1 SYMS Theophilus Morris of Hollybrook, Co Cork Gent; involved in a mortgage 1794
G P1 BROWNE Thomas Mitchell of Rockbarrow, Co Cork Esq; involved in a mortgage 1794
H P2, P1 BECHER Richard of Hollybrook, Co Cork Esq
I P1 BECHER John of Hollybrook, Co Cork Esq; deceased since 1794; eldest son of Richard Becher (H)
J P2 WHITE Richard of then of Seafield Park, Bantry now Earl of Bantry
K P3 ALLEN Thomas of City of Cork Esq
L mentioned BECHER Mary of otherwise Allen; wife of Richard Becher (H)
M WD WM MAHONY James of Skibbereen, Co Cork Gent A
N WD WM MCCARTHY Charles of Skibbereen, Co Cork Shopkeeper A
O WM BRENAN George of City of Cork Gent A
Abstract Complex deed involving wills & mortgages of the Becher family
MS Date registered 27 Apr 1824 Date abstract added 20170403

Abstract made by: RonPrice

Bandon Freeman Meeting December 1753.


Full Pamphlet:

 

https://photos.app.goo.gl/Z1KbM5xKAkKA6uEn8

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Bandon Freeman Meeting December 1753.

Chairman, William Litten, late writing master now dram seller,  (teacher, Protestant South side Bandon river 1733, deed)

Thomas Tremoy?, weaver and miller

Daniel Sweeney, the younger, barber, comber and ale draper

William Brown, joiner

John Brown, barber

John Burchall, butcher

Nicholas Merry, ale draper

Richard Savage, malster and shopkeeper

Edward Cotter, shopkeeper, may be related to later legal family.

John Boisseau, apothecary, probably Huguenot.

Francis Allman, weaver

Joseph Thomas shopkeeper

Robert Morris, Man of the House

James Kell, Comber and Draper

Thomas Morgan, snuff seller

John Holland, weaver

Thomas Holland, weaver and malster

Ralph Clear, Senior, comber

Ralph Clear, Junior, comber,

Jeremiah (Jerry)  Biggs, comber and weaver

George Harris, Presser

John Aldworth, comber

Robert Williams, weaver

John Morris, weaver

David Hunter, blue-dyer

James Gilman, attorney

James Hawes, weaver and shopkeeper

Samuel Milner, clothier

Richard Dowden, the younger, linen weaver

William Spratt, master and shopkeeper

William Popham, comber

After gather and prior to dining

Alleyn Carthy, proctor and tithe gather and

Rev. Dr. St. John Browne

As old Freemen hoped to be allowed join the Company.

After dinner

Toasts to

Liberty and Property

Lord Kildare

The Speaker

Sir Richard Cox

Sir John Freke

 

1674, Bounty for Wolves, Kinsale.


West Cork History

1674, Bounty for Wolves, Kinsale.

From Richard Caulfield’s Annals of Kinsale, his mother was Gosnell possibly far back from Schull area:

http://www.corkpastandpresent.ie/history/august27/kinsale_council_book_reduced_cropped.pdf

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In the Parish of Desertserges (Enniskeane) there is a townland of Breaghna means a place with plenty of wolves, Bruno O’Donoghue, Parish Histories of West Cork. In Bennetts History of Bandon he describes the same Parish as a retreat for wolves.

The late Dick Warner in Irish Examiner:

https://www.irishexaminer.com/lifestyle/outdoors/dick-warner/how-the-irish-wolf-went-to-the-dogs-136443.html

In 1698 a Cork alderman made a written complaint about the number of foxes and wolves in and around the city. But the fate of the wolf in Ireland was sealed in the 1600s and Oliver Cromwell is probably responsible. During the Cromwellian Plantation the first settlers to arrive in the country were horrified to find it full of wolves. The animals had long been extinct in England and Wales, the only British survivors were in remote parts…

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1778. Page 109 dinner with Celebrated Father O’Leary (1729-1802), born Acres, Dunmanway, West Cork, His Father a Scholar.   Salmon, Lamb, Braised Hare, Poteen, Gooseberry Wine. The Mad Parson, Poet Rev. De La Cour.


West Cork History

1778. Page 109 dinner with Celebrated Father O’Leary, born Acres, Dunmanway, West Cork, His Father a Scholar.   Salmon, Lamb, Braised Hare, Poteen, Gooseberry Wine. The Mad Parson, Poet Rev. De La Cour.

Dunmanway, Acres Townland (276 acres) Na hAcrai, Acres. Townland  in which the fields  were divided into acres. Here was born Fr Arthur O’Leary Capuchin, in 1729. He died in London in 1802

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https://books.google.es/books?id=Q5ez99ruMJ4C&pg=PA70&lpg=PA70&dq=hunting+bantry&source=bl&ots=egEuyARP-u&sig=GypMUKj5XtOZ1EgYGqFZMVeEKVs&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjHnJfHjvfRAhVMVhoKHUblA8g4MhDoAQgLMAE#v=onepage&q=hunting%20bantry&f=false

https://durrushistory.com/2014/11/13/arthur-oleary-born-acres-fanlobbus-dunmanway-west-cork-1729-1802-hedge-school-to-capuchin-college-st-malo-a-poor-friar-buried-between-salt-houses-and-stables-poring-over-his-books-at-h/

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Proposed Railway from Bantry to Crookhaven to be a Port of Call, 1866 Sale with Tenant listings of of Two Ploughlands and Two Gneeves at Dunmanus, Mizen, West Cork, in occupation by Alexander O’Driscoll, Esq. prior to 1814 conveyed to William Swanton and Richard Long, by Lord Riversdale and others (subject to the right of all persons to use the water in the Well Holy? at Tobernasool), with lands Sparagrady, Gurteenalla, Derrenaclogh, formerly enjoyed by Thomas Attridge and his under tenants at Ballydehob, 1812 ,by Lease of 12th September 1768, to William Swanton, Ballydehob from Richard Tonson for three Lives renewed in 1840 for lives of William Swanton, William Swanton (last alive in 1866 aged 34) and William Justice and lands at Drimoleague, Meenies, and Conveyance of 1812 Lord Riversdale to William Swanton Lands .


West Cork History

Dunmanus:

https://www.google.ie/maps/place/Durrus,+Co.+Cork/@51.5392281,-9.6615576,16z/data=!4m2!3m1!1s0x48459fe7ccd270df:0x231e3744ac95441a

Meenies

https://www.google.ie/maps/place/Meenies,+Co.+Cork/@51.6656295,-9.29625,15z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m2!3m1!1s0x48450810f3711675:0x14a80cb2467543b5

Proposed Railway from Bantry to Crookhaven to be a Port of Call,  1866 Sale with Tenant listings of of  Two Ploughlands and Two Gneeves at  Dunmanus, Mizen, West Cork, in occupation by Alexander O’Driscoll, Esq. prior to 1814 conveyed to William Swanton and Richard Long, by Lord Riversdale and others (subject to the right of all persons to use the water in the Well Holy? at Tobernasool), with lands Sparagrady, Gurteenalla, Derrenaclogh, formerly enjoyed by Thomas Attridge and his under tenants at Ballydehob, 1812 by Lease of 12th September 1768, to William Swanton, Ballydehob from Richard Tonson (part of extended Hull family of Leamcon, Schull) for three Lives renewed in 1840 for lives of William Swanton, William Swanton (last alive in 1866 aged 34) and William Justice and lands at Drimoleague, Meenies, and Conveyance of 1812 Lord Riversdale to William Swanton Lands (Levis?).

In relation to those…

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Trí Cois-Céim an Coillaigh, 3 steps of the Cock, sign of the Day’s starting to Lengthen, and Nollaig na mBan. poem by Seán Ó Riordáin


1830, Subscribers to Robert O’Callaghan Newenham’s, (25 years Superintendent Barracks Department of Ireland), Picturesque Views of the Antiquities of Ireland.


1830, Subscribers to Robert O’Callaghan Newenham’s, (25 years Superintendent Barracks Department of Ireland), Picturesque Views of the Antiquities of Ireland.

Scroll to see subscribers many of those from Cork distinguish themselves for their Civic Spirit:

https://books.google.ie/books?id=sCPH_PyPmqkC&pg=PP11&lpg=PP11&dq=william,+viscount+ennismore+(hoare)&source=bl&ots=-oJJKC6Dpp&sig=ACfU3U1nRizWE-qPzmHtTkcI4HrU6knZOQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiTwIymuvjhAhX6ShUIHSWJB8AQ6AEwDHoECAYQAQ#v=onepage&q=william%2C%20viscount%20ennismore%20(hoare)&f=false

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https://durrushistory.com/2018/11/20/1809-west-cork-census-population-religious-breakdown-land-estate-rental-schools-by-thomas-newenham-coolmore-carrigaline-relying-on-catholic-bishop-of-corks-diocesan-returns/

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Newenham Cork Magistrates:

Sir Edward Newenham, Knight, 1766, like the Newenhams of Carrigaline like the Bowens of Doneraile had a reputation for being improving, resident and spending their money locally.  Family had extensive property in the South Liberties including Ballyphehane now a local authority estate.

Edward Eyre Newenham, Maryborough, Douglas, 1866 Douglas Petty Sessions, 1870 land Record, 500 acres.

Rev. Edward Henry Newenham (1817-1892), TCD MA,, Coolmore  Carrigaline on death of his uncle 1849 Rev. Thomas Newenham, m Lady Helen Adelaide Moore 2nd d 3rd Earl of Mount Cashel,  father 1853 of William Thomas Worth Newenham J.P. son of Major Thomas Newenham and mary Anne Hoare d Robert.

John Newenham Esq.,  Maryborough, Cork, 1827, listed 1838. sitting Passage West, 1835.  Ex-Officio Poor Law Commissioner 1839.

John Newenham (Devonsher), 1821, Kilshannig, Fermoy.  Abraham Devonsher, the Cork banker and Member of Parliament for Rathcormac, county Cork, died without heirs in 1783 and his estate was inherited by his grand nephew John Newenham, who took the additional name of Devonsher. John Devonsher Newenham married Cornelia Schuyler and had a son Arbraham John Devonsher. Abraham J. Devonsher sold Kilshannig to the Roches when he ran into financial difficulties and at the time of Griffith’s Valuation was resident at Mountain Lodge, Ballyda, Rathcormack. At the time of Griffith’s Valuation Abraham Devonsher held an estate in the parishes of Gortroe, Rathcormack and Carrigtwohill, barony of Barrymore, county Cork. In the 1870s Abraham John Devonshire owned 1,015 acres in county Cork.

Patrick Eyre Newenham, Maryborough, listed 1885-6.

Robert Newenham, 1759, Tide Surveyor, Cork, Subscriber  of 1766 ‘The History of the Irish Rebellion’, Cork, 1766.  

Rev. Thomas Newenham -1849), 1823, Kilworth.  1824 Pigott. On his death the family estates at Coolmore, Carrigaline devolved to his nephew Rev. Edward Newenham.

William Newenham, 1728.  Name appears as trustee projected Limerick to Cork road 1731.

William Worth Newenham, 1794, Coolmore, Carrigaline, Listed supporter of Act of Union, 1799.  1783 William Worth Newenham Esq. and Edward Mullins 1791 churchwarden Carrigaline with Robert Baldwin. 1831 as William H., may be the person who did a census in 1807 with the co-operation of the Catholic Bishop, Dr. McCarthy.  Complaint about violence and molestation in running of 1835 election.

William Henry Bert, listed 1838

William Henry Worth Newenham, Coolmore, Carrigaline,  Attending 11 Grand Jury presentments. Ex-Officio Poor Law Commissioners 1839.

William Thomas Worth Newenham, Coolmore, Carrigaline, 1908

William Henry Newenham, 1877, Maryborough, Douglas, Resident, £321

William Thomas Worth Newenham, 1881, Coolmore, Carrigaline, son of  Rev. Edward Henry Newenham J.P., Coolmore, Carrigaline and  Lady Helen Adelaide Moore 2nd d 3rd Earl of Mount Cashel, m 1888, Lillian Maud, odo, Hatton Ronayne O’Kearney, Lochier, Cork.

 

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