1837.  Map of West Cork and some Earlier Maps.

1837.  Map of West Cork and some Earlier Maps.











1916, Coolkelure House, home of Shouldhams, Dunmanyway, West Cork


1916, Coolcelure House, home of Shouldhams, Dunmanyway, West Cork








Revised Birth, Marriage and Death Records of Durrus, Barony of West Carbery, West Division, Mainly Church of Ireland, Methodist some old Catholic.


Revised Birth, Marriage and Death Records of Durrus, Barony of West Carbery, West Division, Mainly Church of Ireland, Methodist some old Catholic.

This is an attempt to try and reconstruct old records, many of the then written records were destroyed in the Public Records in Dublin in 1922 when they were unfortunately sent for safekeeping.

The bulk of the Catholic records are online free to access at irishgenealogy.ie. Included in these records are many Protestant who may be sponsors or witnesses.  There are also many names originally Protestant who converted at some stage.  If searching there are multiple spelling variations of names and townlands.

The bulk of Durrus Protestant population was located on the former Evanson/Lord Bandon Estates. It is likely in the early 18th century the lands were cleared of the local population who either became labourers or were moved to the less fertile uplands. Until the early 20th century there are very few marked gravestones of Catholics from these townlands unlike other townlands such as Ballycomane (Carbery Estate), Letterlickey (Hutchinson Estate).

IN the 1740s Sir Richard Cox ws advertising in Ulster fro Protestant artisans weavers, those with knowledge of the lines.flax business to settle in Dunmanway. On the Becher Estate in Skibbereen, Ballydehob,Schull the Marmion originally Norman from Dundalk to manage the Becher Estates.  A Similar Process may have been involved.

In Durrus the Evasions were aligned in the early 18th century wit Jeremiah Coughlan, originally from Carrigmanus.  He was an attorney and manager with Andrew Crotty of the Devonshire West Waterford Estates.  He was renting a number of ploughlands in Durrus what is brother in law Nathaniel Evanson from the Bandon Estate that time Bernard.

It is likely that the Evanson brought in weaving families from Armagh, Allen, Ferguson, Lannin, Love, Miller, Williamson, Shannon, Johnson, Levis, Huguenot from Bandon/Innishannon, Dukelow, Camier, Connell (Quesnel).  From Bandon, Acton, Attridge, Bateman, Bradfield, Croston?, Draper, Evans, Forbes, Hosford, Kingston, Jagoe, Lamb, Newman, Phillips,  Roycroft, Salter, Varian, Webb, Whitley, Woulfe, Wright. Possibly Scots Forbes, Swanton there are conflicting versions of the Swanton’s origin. There are families probably in the area from the early 17th century perhaps with fishing Warner, Vickery, Baker.  From East Donegal, Brooks,. In the record there are quite a few names with a Gaelic background, Coughlan, Daly, O’Driscoll, O’Sullivan, Maguire,  McCarthy, Hegarty (probably originally down with Battle of Kinsale 1601), Hurley, Kelly,  probably reflecting significant intermarriage in the late 18th and early 19th century.  This patterns reflecting the DNA results of those word wide from the Muintervara Peninsula and surrounding districts.

It is likely that those arriving in the 18th century apart from religion quickly assimilated the local culture. The 1901 census for the older Protestants and this is also reflected in the Mizen show many of the old Protestant to be bilingual, In 19th century census record for Canada and the USA many Protestant from the general district self report their first language as Irish, it is not possible to say if this is Irish/Gaelic or the variety of English spoken in Ireland.

Of those emigrating, some in particular to Rochester New York borough with them a high degree of political consciousness, developed local in the late 1820s with the successful anti tithe campaign. The Durrus Protestants were described by Lord Bandon’s agent  Wheeler Doherty, a Bandon Solicitor as ‘animals ‘as they joined the rent strike of the 1880s. during the Land War.









1795-1824.  Electorate of Co.Cork, Freemen, 40 shillings, £20, £50, Householders, Rentchargers, Bandon Bridge, Kinsale, Manor of Mallow.

1795-1824.  Electorate of Co.Cork, Freemen, 40 shillings, £20, £50, Householders, Rentchargers, Bandon Bridge, Kinsale, Manor of Mallow.

From Eppi project:















1937 Dunbeacon, Parish of Schull,  Mary Joe Moynihan, School Folklore Project. Names: Collins, Connell, Croston, Driscoll,  Finn, Levis, Lucy, Maguire, McCarthy, Moynihan, O’Brien, Nugent, Pyburn, O’Sullivan, Roycroft, Scofield, Lucky Days for Marriage Thursday and Saturday, Flax Meitheals, Harvest of the Geese, Holy Wells, Penal Laws,Old Cures, Deaths at Dereenlomane Barytes Mines, Wreck of Memphis, Foghmar na nGeídhna, hard and quick days after Harvest.





1937 Dunbeacon, Parish of Schull,  Mary Joe Moynihan, School Folklore Project. Names: Collins, Connell, Driscoll,  Finn, Levis, Lucy, Maguire, McCarthy, Moynihan, O’Brien, Nugent, Pyburn, O’Sullivan, Roycroft, Scofield, Lucky Days for Marriage Thursday and Saturday, Flax Meitheals, Old Cures, Deaths at Dereenlomane Barytes Mines, Wreck of Memphis,


Thanks to Brendan O’Dwyer.


1937, Dunbeacon School Folklore Project, Mary Joe Moynihan


Bramáir draim, scutch grass

Buacalánn na neascann,blots out mark of sore

Cleas na Peíste,cure for animals.

Feamaánac, cure for rheumatism

Fionnán cupóg, long coarse white grass.

Foghmar na nGeídhna, hard and quick days after harvest.

Noínín, daisy herb

Riouán, flour.


Irish words in Durrus, Dunbeacon etc:











1836 Evidence of Father John Kelleher, Early Statistician, to Poor Laws (Ireland), Enquiry, Muintir Bháire There are in these parishes about 50 and at least that number of individuals who endeavour to make out a livelihood by buying eggs here and taking them to Cork where they are bought for the English market.  These individuals are generally young women of blameless morals and great industry the distance they have to travel barefooted with such a load as 300 eggs in a basket on their backs is to many no less than 50 miles.  Some will take so many as 350 of these eggs others not more than 200 they generally bring as heavy a load back from the city. And make ten or a dozen such journeys each year.  The time devoted to such a journey is generally a week, their profits are inconsiderable perhaps about £3 in the year.

The same strain of women was the backbone of Irish America insisting against the odds that their children got an eduction.

Father Kelleher’s evidence and career.


Mizen Magic 6: Schull to Castlepoint

Roaringwater Journal

The Mizen is the Peninsula we live on, and of course we think it’s the most beautiful part of West Cork, and of Ireland. In previous Mizen Magic posts I’ve been exploring different aspects and areas, such as the Northside, or Brow Head, or our excellent beaches. This time I’m concentrating on the stretch from Schull to Castlepoint. The map below shows the area, with the village of Schull, our starting point, on The top right. The photograph above was taken from the top of Sailor’s Hill.

A winter view of Long Island Sound – Coney Island, Long Island,  the Calves, Cape Clear and Sherkin, with the entrance to Croagh Bay in the foreground

It’s only a few kilometres, and it would take you about ten minutes to drive straight to Castlepoint from Schull. But where’s the fun in that? No- let’s start by driving (or walking if…

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1743.  Command from Custom House, Dublin re Hearth Tax Collection.

1743.  Command from Custom House, Dublin re Hearth Tax Collection.

From Diary of Mayot Pembrock, Cork.


As the vast bulk of heart tax records (which listed most households in the 18th century) were blown up in 1922 it is unusual to come across records.











page0437, 1732 Heart Tax Order