1817, New York. Judge Robert Swanton (United Irishman, Ballydehob) one of Judges of the New York, Marine Court, Charge to Jury. 1817 One of Committee in New York with Thomas Addis Emmet, (Brother of Robert Emmett) to Promote the Welfare of the Irish. 1828 Pallbearer at Funeral of Thomas Addis Emmett with the Governor of the State of New York, Martin Van Buren later President, United States, Senator Nathan Sandford


https://docs.google.com/document/d/14s1dNaXcvquDdBLJCKyDtgne-DT2rhaW3_AdzOBF2zU/edit

Robert Swanton, (1764-1840) Ballydehob, West Cork, member United Irishmen Directory arrest, imprisonment escape to New York where he was active in US Politics and became Judge of Maritime Court.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/17391

1830s Shenanigans in the Marine Court of New York, Judge Robert Swanton (United Irishman) Ballydehob and his Tipstaff Casey.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/35920

Robert Swanton, Ballydehob, (1764-1840), West Cork, United Irishman, Emigre to New York, Businessmen, Lawyer, US Political Activist, Judge, Home to Die With His Own People, Grave Early Example of Inscription in Irish Old Gaelic Script and Graveyard Inscription in old Irish, Gaelic Script, Port Fairy, Victoria, Australia for native of Co. Clare, Ireland, Aindriás Landrach (Andrew Landers), Fíor Gael, 1828-1912, with Photograph of Grave

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/15486

Nephew:\

7 July 1844 Circular letter from Thomas Swanton, ‘Ballidahob’ (Ballydehob), Near Skibbereen regarding formation of society, the Cork and Kerry Irish Poetry and Music.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/28831

Updated Clothiers, Flax, Linen, Textiles, Weaving, West Cork, From Early Times.


This is an update much of the additional information is from deeds, church records, newspaper reports. Disregard pagination.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1u0vIz1nxG34pJua7qC7jtTCKWLjwVY81jSl0usPdojk/edit

8th August 1829 Census Inchigeela p. 9

Pigot’s Directory 1824, Bantry,

Bandon Weavers p. 31

Clonakilty, Kinsale, Skibbereen, p.26

Lewis 1837, Bantry, Dunmanway, Skibbereen, p. 28

Slater’s Directory 1836, Bantry, p. 31

Census Extracts, p.38

Bandon Clothiers, p.40

Thomas Adderly, Innishannon, p.42

Textile Businesses, p. Bandon Business p, 44

Bantry, p.61

Clonakilty, p. 78

Drimoleague, p.64

Dunmanway, p.70

Skibbereen p. 75

Probates p. 45

Flax Growers 1796 p. 

Fishing Nets. p. 

Exports of Cloth from Cork, p.124

Flax Acreage Co.Cork, 1939-1945

Richard S. Harrison on Flax in West Cork, p. 220

Bibliography, p. 133

1938 Funeral of Edwin Angus Swanton, Extensive Draper, Skibbereen. West Cork Swantons, Business DNA, Revised Funeral Attendance.


Updated funeral attendance

West Cork History

1938 Funeral of Edwin Swanton, Skibbereen.

]

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1c4zye2ryZ8jV4NPR0juRn3SDlc4SiKsGaeWcv5XoQp8/edit

The illustrious West Cork of Swanton family originally centered in Ballydehob (Swanton Town) n the 1901 census appears as those in Ireland born in Co. Cork:

1901 Census.

Swantons in Ireland born Co. Cork

320

Church of Ireland, 63%, 200.

Catholic, 33%, 104

Methodist, 4%, 15

I was surprised as I woud have assumed a far larger Methodist presence.

The census figures completely underestimate the family influence as through the maternal line they are connected all over West Cork and the Diaspora in places as far apart as Casper, Wyoming. Probably more so through Catholic intermarriage

The late West Cork Historian, Father Coombes published items suggesting that Hilaire Belloc, (Joseph Hilaire Pierre René Belloc), was of the West Cork Swanton line, apparently erroneous.

Where did they come from?

The general accepted place of origin is Norfolk in Eastern England.

However

Someone I…

View original post 144 more words

1938 Funeral of Edwin Angus Swanton, Extensive Draper, Skibbereen. West Cork Swantons, Business DNA, Revised Funeral Attendance.


1938 Funeral of Edwin Swanton, Skibbereen.\

]

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1c4zye2ryZ8jV4NPR0juRn3SDlc4SiKsGaeWcv5XoQp8/edit

The illustrious West Cork of Swanton family originally centered in Ballydehob (Swanton Town) n the 1901 census appears as those in Ireland born in Co. Cork:

1901 Census.

Swantons in Ireland born Co. Cork

320

Church of Ireland,  63%,   200.

Catholic, 33%, 104

Methodist, 4%, 15

I was surprised as I woud have assumed a far larger Methodist presence.

The census figures completely underestimate the family influence as through the maternal line they are connected all over West Cork and the Diaspora in places as far apart as Casper, Wyoming. Probably more so through Catholic intermarriage

The late West Cork Historian, Father Coombes published items suggesting that Hilaire Belloc, (Joseph Hilaire Pierre René Belloc), was of the West Cork Swanton line, apparently erroneous.

Where did they come from?

The general accepted place of origin is Norfolk in Eastern England.

However

Someone I know who is on the ball re West Cork Genealogy suggests that a small Scots plantation c 1695 in Castlehaven. This might explain local names Anderson, Hamilton (although this might be a corruption of the old Irish), Ross, He produces as evidence a comment by a Church of Ireland Minister c 1740 re the Swantons describing them as coming from Scotland. Interestingly here the deceased is Edwin Angus Swanton.

1938 Funeral of Edwin Angus Swanton Skibbereen, updated.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1c4zye2ryZ8jV4NPR0juRn3SDlc4SiKsGaeWcv5XoQp8/edit

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Business

1891 Death James (‘The Governor’) Hutchinson Swanton (1815-1891), Grandmother Possibly Margaret O’Sullivan, Ballaghadown, Caheragh, Rineen, Skibbereen, Carrisbrook House, Ballsbridge, currently Israeli Embassy, Dublin (Mentioned in James Joyce Ulysses), Memoir of William Feckman and West Cork Methodist References.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/37677

1830s Shenanigans in the Marine Court of New York, Judge Robert Swanton (United Irishman) Ballydehob and his Tipstaff Casey (possibly from Aughadown).

Thomas Swanton, Ballydehob

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/36051


1911 Kinsale 3rd Agricultural Show, Entrants, Classes, Prizewinners, Sponsors.

1911 Kinsale 3rd Agricultural Show, Entrants, Classes, Prizewinners, Sponsors.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1YBjksN7f98U0VKyh-ZoCLF0ocmtj2QL_sqBVDoTHd5k/edit

1843-1947 West Cork Agricultural Societies and Shows.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/1yoNjmDNQKT_pk3nvlCsT72YWYoDENcs–uaJxh2ber8/edit

Disregard page numbering

1843, Skibbereen Union Farming Society and  Show, p.4

1845, Bandon Union Agricultural Society Dinner including improver T. J. Biggs, Garryhandkerdmore, p.20

1845, Kinsale Horticultural Society Show., p. 34

1847, Bandon Union Agricultural Society Dinner, p.39

1845-7. Members Ballineen Agricultural Society, p. 31

Minutes of Ballineen, Co. Cork, Agricultural Society 1845-7, ordered that pamphlet on turnips be translated into Irish for some of the Protestant farmers. 

1849, Bandon Union Agricultural Society Dinner, p.50

1856 Skibbereen Agricultural Show reference, p. 61

1860. Munster Flax Society Visit to Bantry Farms 

1863, Agricultural Prizes, Prizewinners, 1896 and 1897 Carbery Agricultural Show, Skibbereen, p. 64

1898, Timoleague, West Cork Horticultural Society

1900 August Durrus Butter Show, p. 70

1909.  Agricultural Improvement, County Premium Boars, Premium Bulls, Extra Premium Bulls, Stallion Asses, Barony of Bantry and Bere, Carbery, p.71

1893 West Carbery Agricultural Show

1894 West Cork Horticultural Society Summer Show at Lissard, Skibbereen,  Seat of The O’Donovan, including Honey, Butter for parcel post.

1898 West Cork Horticultural Society, Timoleague

1906 Durrus Races and Athletic Sports, Preliminary Meeting  Carbery Ploughing Match,  Oldcourt (Skibbereen) Horse Races Postponed from Stephen’s Day, p. 196

1908 August, Carbery Show, Unqualified Success, Splendid Spectacle, Enormous number of entrants, p. 163

1911 Kinsale Agricultural Show, p. 229

1915, Carbery Agricultural Show, p.175

1929, Carbery Show, p.74

1930, Lisivard, p. 94

1934, Carbery Show, Skibbereen, p.187

1934, Clonakilty Show, (11th since 1924),  p.190

1937 Durrus Show, p.101

1942, Bandon Show, p. 106

1944, carbery Agricultural Show (partial)

1946, Carbery  Bantry, and Clonakilty Shows, p. 107

1947, Bantry Agricultural Show, p, 138, 145

1947 Skibbereen Shorthorn Breeders Show, 114

Canon Johnny McManaway MA, Rector, 1930s Durrus, smuggling horseshoe stubs into the Free State


There are many stories still circulating in the abea about the Canon. A man of extraordinary energy with a genius fro organisation, a native of Castlerea, Co. Roscommon.:

The Canon was in the habit of going north from time to time.  His brother was the Bishop of Clogher. would get the train from Bantry to Cork and  then to Belfast via Dublin taking his bicycle with him.  Up north he would cycle around; perhaps he had been a curate in some of the parishes.

In the 1930s the roads in the North were far superior to those in the South. It was not until the late 1940s that the secondary roads were tarred and the minor road in the mid 1960s.

In the North it became the practice to put studs into horse shoes.

Studs are small metal projections that screw into the horse’s shoes. They’re used to give him better grip on various types of footing, from firm and slippery to soft and boggy. They’re great if the  horse loses his focus in less-than-ideal footing or to give him extra traction when doing road work. 

For some reason studs were illegal in the Free State.

The  Canon wished to bring some down from one of his northern trips.  He took the saddle off his bike and  filled the hollow of the frame with studs and replaced the  saddle.  The bike passed over the border no problem and the Canon and his bike with studs arrived safely in Durrus.

..

1Canon McManaway. M.A., (1883-1954)

This give an idea of his extraordinary energy and dedication to local development. It will be updated:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/198wrEKM259o2b2iZgqvuTi4Yn8WnYOh5kDLSt9Ojvf4/edit

A True Patriot Canon, John James. (Johnny) McManaway, M.A., (1887-1954), Durrus, Dunmanway

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https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/38720

1941, Drinagh Co-Op, A Real West Cork Success Story Report 1942 Effects of ‘Emergency’, Attempting to Convert Trucks Driven by Gas from Irish Anthracite, Brutal State of Roads, Visit by Committee Members R. Ellis T. Sweetnam to Pig Farm of Sandy McGuigan, Cloughmills, Co. Antrim was reputed to be the world’s largest pig farmer at that time. Carbery Milk Products.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/39290

Opening of Drinagh Co-Op Creamery, 1933, Durrus by Father Crowley, Drinagh assisted by Canon McManaway.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/15749

1936 and 1937 Durrus Agricultural Shows, 700 Entries.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/38161

Obituary 1756, Faulkner’s Dublin Journal. Last week died aged 65 years at Aherly near Ross in this County Owen Mccarthy, otherwise Owen a Vereen, (An Mhéirín (of the little finger) an eminent Poet, Historian and Herald, in which his Superior Knowledge and Singular Talents had rendered him very agreeable to such as had the Happiness of his Company, and his Death is very Much Lamented by his Acquaintances


Obituary 1756, Faulkner’s Dublin Journal., Last week died aged 65 years at Aherly near Ross in this County Owen Mccarthy, otherwise Owen a Vereen, (An Mhéirín (of the little finger) an eminent Poet, Historian and Herald, in which his Superior Knowledge and Singular Talents had rendered him very agreeable to such as had the Happiness of his Company, and his Death is very Much Lamented by his Acquaintances.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1GpW_lvdEHxN1LPFZYefek8V6goHYfWRrGLT9c_yQ54I/edit

War of Independence, Civil War, Durrus District, Topeka State Journal, Kansas. account of 1920 Attack by 100 IRA Men on Durrus RIC Barracks. Dr. Michael J. McCarthy died 1937.


War of Independence, Civil War, Durrus District, Topeka State Journal, Kansas. account of 1920 Attack by 100 IRA Men on Durrus RIC Barracks. Dr. Michael J. McCarthy died 1937.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1FZrlZBJAmzrZSvzm3qnYQK20IA7teb-YL-XnwwlCBrQ/edit

Durrus Corn Mill, O’Sullivans c 1805, 1935, ‘Oneway’, 1942, Grinding Every Day, Wheat and Milling Animal and Poultry Feed.


During the ‘Emergency’ the Drinagh Co-op Mill in Durrus could not operate as there was no petroleum. This gave a new lease of life it Moynihan’s mill, originally O’Sullivans.

The late Jim Dukelow, Coomkeen said this was a life saver for the area.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ZZLYAFhk7o_GeJNFo4h24k6_gxdBE1CIKw_cm2LHPWo/edit

Cataract of the Bantry River in Ireland, Probably with Murphy’s Mills, Donemark in Background from San Francisco Gallery.

\https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/23918

Letting of Flour Mills, Rosscarbery, 1844

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/15883

William Young, Bantry Mills selling Indian Meal, Corn, Flour, ex Barque, ‘Parsee’ February 1862.\

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/10794

Some extracts from Rent Roll of Rev. Lombard in Bandon and Clonakilty, Co. Cork including some from 1686, Mills and Fishing at Coolfada, Customs from Provost.\

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/9855

Mills Co. Cork and Ancient Water Mills

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/5108

1941, Drinagh Co-Op, A Real West Cork Success Story Report 1942 Effects of ‘Emergency’, Attempting to Convert Trucks Driven by Gas from Irish Anthracite, Brutal State of Roads, Visit by Committee Members R. Ellis T. Sweetnam to Pig Farm of Sandy McGuigan, Cloughmills, Co. Antrim was reputed to be the world’s largest pig farmer at that time. Carbery Milk Products.


1941, Drinagh Co-Op, A Real West Cork Success Story Report 1942 Effects of ‘Emergency’, Attempting to Trucks Driven by Gas from  Irish Anthracite, Visit by Committee Members R. Ellis and T. Sweetnam to Pig Farm of Sandy McGuigan, Cloughmills, Co. Antrim

Sandy McGuigan was reputed to be the world’s largest pig farmers at that time.

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1941, Drinagh Co-Op, A Real West Cork Success Story Report 1942 Effects of ‘Emergency’, Attempting to Trucks Driven by Gas from  Irish Anthracite, Visit by Committee Members R. Ellis and T. Sweetnam to Pig Farm of Sandy McGuigan, Cloughmills, Co. Antrim

Sandy McGuigan was reputed to be the world’s largest pig farmers at that time.

Sandy McGuigan was reputed to be the world’s largest pig farmers at that time.

Alexander (Sandy) McGuckian (1895-1952) was born in Cloughmills, Co. Antrim, and as a young man started a piggery on the family farm which, through his expertise in animal husbandry, became the biggest pig farm in the world. He was also a leading expert on grassland management and served on many agricultural and government advisory bodies during his lifetime. The McGuckian family is still active in the pig and farming business on the Drumbare Road.

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The next generation of McGuigans:

How John B. McGuckian, hurling enthusiast got on the pig’s back (Ar Mhuin Na Muice), October 28 1999

12:11 AM John B McGuckian, chairman of UTV, is one of Ireland’s most successful businessmen, writes Charlie Weston JOHN B McGuckian is one of the wealthiest people in Northern Ireland and one of the first Catholics to make it big there.That may be why he felt it was time to give something back when the church in Harryville came under siege recently from angry Orangemen frustrated at not being able to march down Portadown Garvaghy Road. Although it’s not his church and he is not overtly political, Mr McGuckian was one of a number of prominent Northern Catholics who turned up at Harryville to lend their support. He may also have been influenced by the fact that three of his brothers joined the Jesuit Order. However, the captain of Northern industry has never spoken about the Harryville gesture and it has not been reported before. In fact, Mr McGuckian is of the view that most of what he does should go unreported. But trying to be intensely private sits uneasily with the range of businesses he is involved in all over the island. He is director of AIB, Unidare and Irish Continental Group, has extensive property interests across the North, heads the family textile business, is chairman of Ulster Television, a former chairman of the Industrial Development Board, and was a ground-breaking proVice-Chancellor of Queen’s University.

Add to that a failed bid to buy Belfast Airport, losses as a Lloyd’s name and court battles with the taxman, and you begin to realise why he arouses such interest in the North. “John B has his finger in every pie. They say he is in everything but the crib, but as far as the media is concerned he likes to keep out of the way,” one observer of the Northern business scene noted. But it is hard to stay out of the limelight when the company of which you are chairman and the largest individual shareholder decides to pay a special dividend and you end up with stg£1.6m out of it. When that company is UTV and is beamed into every home in the North, being a shy multi-millionaire is a hard station. Mr McGuckian has come a long way.

The glamour of the media is a far cry from pig farming in north Antrim, where his family made its money. The family that sired John originated in Cloughmills, near Ballymena, and his father made his money in textiles and by pioneering intensive pig-farming techniques. John’s cousins, Patrick and Alastair, founded the international agribusiness company Masstock.

He was not raised with any airs and graces, and Mr McGuckian makes no attempt to disguise his unglamorous roots. “There’s a lot to be said for having an Antrim accent.” Those who know him say he tends to play up his regional accent. “It is a disarming accent and tends to put people at ease, but it disguises a fairly cunning business approach. His accent is part of his character.” But his “good ol’ country boy” persona is also resented by some business people who see him as shrewd and hard-nosed. John B, as he is invariably referred to, was educated at a Catholic boarding school, St MacNissi’s College, Garron Tower, and at Queen’s University, where he graduated with a degree in economics. At 24 he joined his father’s textile business as a trainee executive.

The father-son relationship was a close one. In the family firm he is remembered as a hard worker who earned the respect of the employees. Within two years he joined the board of Cloughmills Manufacturing. Other clothing firms he owns include Regatta Fashions and Cooneen Textiles. Mr McGuckian moved up a gear when he joined the board of UTV in 1970, following in the footsteps of his late father who had helped found the station. Business Newsletter Read the leading stories from the world of business. Monday to Friday. Enter your Email Address Sign Up He hit the headlines when he replaced the indomitable Unionist figure Brum Henderson as chairman of the broadcasting company. Mr McGuckian and former chief executive Desmond Smyth were unhappy at the management style of Henderson.

The station has been hugely profitable under McGuckian and Smyth, but the situation has come full circle with many now questioning the strategic focus of the group. A lack of commitment to local broadcasting and timid approach to expansion has led one Dublin broker to wonder why UTV bothers being on the stock market: “UTV has no real corporate strategy. They are very unexciting and cut costs all the time but have no strategy for new income.” When McGuckian upped his UTV stake, he was seen as well placed if an expected takeover from Scottish Media went ahead. But takeover talk at UTV subsided when Canadian group CanWest took a 29.9pc shareholding. What the future holds for UTV only McGuckian knows, but it is understood CanWest is anxious for greater links with Dublin-based TV3, where it is the largest shareholder. Mr McGuckian, who will be 60 in November, may be forced by the institutions to come up with a growth strategy for UTV soon.

The Northern industrialist has had a stint as chairman of the International Fund for Ireland. This position brought him into contact with influential Americans and prepared him for his role as chairman of the Industrial Development Board (IDB). He is no longer chairman, but in his years in the position in the early 1990s he steered the jobs agency through the embarrassment of poor results during recession to record job creation success. “He brought a strong private sector ethos to the agency, which had been shackled by a civil service mentality,” one observer noted. As IDB chairman he created controversy when he lost a court appeal to the House of Lords over a tax avoidance scheme. He was forced to pay stg£400,000 and endure criticism from judges. But McGuckian has little need to worry about tax bills. His investments include extensive property interests with large shareholdings in Newry Buttercrane Shopping Centre along with Foyleside in Derry and Abbey Centre in Newtownabbey. As a director of Dublin-based Unidare, he was influential in forcing through a huge acquisition that was opposed by shareholder Dermot Desmond. At AIB, he was one of the directors called on to resign at this year’s agm over the bogus non-resident accounts scandals.

Outside his investments, his time as Queen’s pro-Vice-Chancellor was notable for him setting up an equal opportunities committee there and telling a college gathering: “There absolutely was discrimination in Queen’s University.” But the personality that has won him friends throughout his life has remained as magnetic as ever. “He is a great raconteur, the kind of person everyone is gathered around at a party to hear him tell a joke,” one industrialist said. Another commented: “He’s one of those people who you are pretty sure is a warm guy. You get a warm feeling, but you don’t get close to him.” He works day and night, but is understood to be upset by suggestions that he is a workaholic. “I would be ashamed if I saw myself as that. I believe in balance in life having friends and taking exercise,” he has said. He and his wife Carmel have four children two sons and two daughters. Conscious efforts have been made to avoid lavishing luxury on them just because their father is a multi-millionaire. However, Mr McGuckian has been transferring many of his shareholdings in quoted companies into trusts for his children lately.He lives in the same house he grew up in in the rural setting of Antrim’s Cloughmills and has a second home on the banks of Lough Erne. What spare time he has is spent skiing abroad, and watching horse-racing and hurling at home.

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Origin group buys Masstock for €81m ORIGIN Enterprises, in which IAWS holds a 71.4% stake, has bought Masstock Group for a total of £61 million (€81.78m) which includes £30m (€40m) of debt. WED, 23 JAN, 2008 – 00:00 BRIAN O’MAHONY, CHIEF BUSINESS CORRESPONDENT Masstock has operations in Britain and Poland and provides specialist agronomy services directly to arable and grassland farm enterprises. It services more than 8,000 farmers in Britain and 2,300 in Poland and employs 550 people in delivering that process to its customer base. Since the early 1970s Masstock was involved in development farming systems throughout the world. It was the brainchild of two Northern Ireland brothers, Paddy and Alastair McGuckian. Origin said it will fund the deal through borrowings and that the acquisition will be earnings enhancing from the start.

It has emerged also that the existing management team, led by group chief executive Declan Giblin are to stay on with the group. “Masstock provides system-based solutions directly to more than 10,000 farm businesses throughout Britain and Poland,” said Origin chief executive Tom O’Mahony. This business combines an extensive arable research and development capability with add on sales, said Mr O’Mahony.

Origin is a big player in animal feeds and fertilisers and expects to build those sales as a direct result of the takeover. Leading food analyst John O’Reilly, of Davy Stockbrokers, said: “In addition to Masstock Autonomous growth prospects, there is also potential to add other farm-related services to its existing capability.” He also said the deal, expected to be completed in early February, could add about 7% to his EPS growth forecast of 21.7% for the year. Mr Giblin described the move “as an important milestone in the development of Masstock”. As a result, he said the company would become a core part of a group that is focused on delivering value added to primary sectors of the food industry.

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Drinagh Co-Op Creamery, Durrus

There were various private creameries in West Cork in the 19th century and an early Co-Op was set up in Bandon in 1903.  The English Co-ops dipped their toes into Irish waters but withdrew with the advent of the troubles.  The Drinagh Co-Op was set up by Canon Crowley who was a man of considerable talent.  During a strike in Cork which stopped the export of pigs, he chartered boats to export from Bantry. From the 1920s on there was increasing legislation to improve dairy production standards and this assisted the development of Co-Ops such as Drinagh. 

A major influence in establishing the creamery in 1933 was the Church of Ireland Canon Johnny McManaway.  It was largely built by cross community voluntary labour.  The contractor was Cahalanes of Drinagh who built Drinagh Church and the main creamery there.  Work started in 1933 and it opened in the spring of 1934 with the formal ceremony in July.  At the opening which was performed by Fr. Crowley from Drinagh he singled out Canon McManaway for special praise and he set the machinery in motion saying that he regarded Fr. Crowley as a special friend. Farmers gave a week at a time with horses and carts. Gravel was sourced from the strand and rock was quarried east the Ballycommane Road, the ground was soft and took a great deal of fill. It was necessary to register 1,000 cows and guarantee £1,000 over 3 years.  Canon McManaway was also involved in starting the creamery at Dunmanway, and worked closely with Fr. McSweeney. He may have had some involvement in the starting of the creamery in Kilcrohane in 1938 where the prime movers were the National Teacher Mr Fitzsimons and two progressive small farmers Danny Daly of Dromnea and James Daly of Caher.

In  November 1934  Drinagh was expanding the creamery network tendering for new creameries  at Lowertown in Schull and Kealkil.

1935 Father Cotter, P.P., Durrus presented a silver cup to the creamery supplier with the highest average butter fat throughout the previous 12 months. Prizewinner Miss Mary Ward, Coolculaghta, average content 4.15%, runner up James Swanton, Mollogh, Bantry, 3.85%.  She won again the following year.

The report of the opening of the Durrus creamery stated that the most modern equipment available was utilised and its operations beat all expectations. The creamery was opened before those at Caheragh, Kealkil and Bantry and apart from Durrus farmers, others suppliers from those areas sent their milk there on floats carrying 15 or more churns of milk. Included was Eddie Hurst of Beach House, Bantry (now owned by Mrs Wagner) he was known as a very progressive farmer and involved in the Durrus and Bantry Agricultural Shows. He married Miss Shannon of Clashadoo. They are the parents of well known Bantry historian Hazel Vickery. Before the creamery, butter was sold to Jeremiah O’Sullivan’s (Jer the shop) stores for 4d a lb and was packed in 56 lb. boxes.  It went from his store by horse and cart to Durrus Road Station and thence to Cork.  Apart from taking in milk, the creamery operated as a general store where farmers could make purchases against their cheques.  It purchased chickens and turkeys and supplied meal and other farm supplies. The creamery was a huge benefit to the smaller farmers who were extended credit over the winter and this was paid off from the summer milk deliveries. The creamery had a mill which ceased operations during the war, due to a lack of fuel.   It was an important social outlet where news was exchanged and daily contact made. When milk collection at the creamery ceased this was a major loss to the community.  Improvement in 1939 included a new water supply and a milk heater.  In the late 1930 and 1940s Tom Deane (former Dublin Metropolitan Policeman) and J. Clarke from Durrus were on Management Committees of Drinagh Co-Op.  Tom Deane’s brother Barnabas was on the Committee of Management in 1956.  Creamery Managers from the 30s included M. Meigan, Jack O’Sullivan, Mr O’Mahony from 1944, and Sean Keane Dan Hurley.

In 1948 the creamery managers including the Durrus manager had a case before the Labour Court seeking a pay increase to £6 10s a week.  Evidence was given that Drinagh Co-Op was generally doing very well and milk had increased significantly in price, and the management countered that many of the managers have sidelines in the turf and flax industries and pointed out that they were unable to secure the services of a manager in Kilcrohane.  In the end the Court awarded £5 5s.

In 1956 Drinagh Co-Op with the other West Cork Co-Ops set up the South West Cattle Breeding Society.  Up to the early 1970s farmers received the skim milk back which was fed to the pigs and calves.  From that time on all the milk was processed at the Carbery Milk Plant in Ballineen, which the West Cork Co-Ops had set up with Express Dairies and was run by the late Bernie Cahill. In 1991 with the other West Cork Co-Ops it purchased the outstanding 80% interest in Carbery Milk Products Ballineen. 

In its heyday the creamery had 150 suppliers; this has now dwindled to 14 and their milk is collected by bulk tankers for processing in Ballineen. Sadly, both the creamery in Durrus and Kilcrohane are now closed and for sale (2007).  Jim Dukelow, Coomkeen has lived to see the creamery built and closed in his lifetime.

Drinagh is one of the four West Cork Co-Ops who own Carbery Carbery Milk Products:

Carbery Group is a global leader in food ingredients, flavours and cheese.

Carbery Group is recognised as a leading international manufacturer of speciality food ingredients, flavouring systems and as an award-winning cheese producer. We are owned by four Irish dairy co-operatives, employ almost 800 people, and manufacture from 10 facilities worldwide, including Ireland, UK, Italy, USA, Brazil and Thailand.

Our timeline, Carbery since 1965

Carbery was founded in 1965 as a joint venture between four creameries and Express Dairies, UK. Since then we have grown, taking market leading positions in dairy, ingredients and flavours. This timeline explores our journey of growth and significant milestones along the way.

1965  Carbery Milk Products was formed – a partnership between Carbery Creameries (four West Cork dairy co-operatives) and Express Dairies, UK.

Much of the early success was driven by the late Bernie Cahill of Beara.