1484, World's First Common Law Woman Lawyer? Rose Bron, Dublin, Apprentice to Justice Philip Bermingham.


1484, World’s First Common Law Woman Lawyer? Rose Bron, Dublin, Apprentice to Justice Philip Bermingham.

Sergeant Alexander Martin Sullivan, defending Roger Casement, on his grave in Glasnevin he is ‘The last Sergeant of The Kingdom of Ireland’. Celebrated Painting Shows Charles Gavan Duffy, Instructing Solicitors, female Relation Attend Court by Special Permission, A First on Attorneys Bench. Constitutional Conundrum does The Kingdom of Ireland Still Exist?

https://durrushistory.com/2016/04/05/sergeant-alexander-martin-sullivan-defending-roger-casement-on-his-grave-in-glasnevin-he-is-the-last-sergeant-of-the-kingdom-of-ireland-celebrated-painting-may-show-women-solicitors-on-attorneys/

1893, Obituary of Judge John FitzHenry Townshend, Castletownshend and Dublin, Oldest Judge in the then United Kingdom. A Fine Specimen of an Old Irish Gentleman and Old Irish Judge.


1893, Obituary of Judge John FitzHenry Townshend, Castletownshend and Dublin, Oldest Judge in the then United Kingdom. A Fine Specimen of an Old Irish Gentleman and Old Irish Judge.

Courtesy Colonel John Townsend. This family history is fact based and apart from the Townsend/Townshend family it is valuable record of the times.

http://www.astro.wisc.edu/~townsend/tree/scrapbooks/250.pdf

Rent Roll Bishop of Cork 1676, Schull/Crookhaven to Sir Richard Hull, Drumkilmore, Letterlickey, Durrus to Boyle Hull, Kilmocomogue (Bantry), to John Hull, Kilcrohane to Richard Hull,Clonee, Durrus to George Sims in trust for Widow Burridge, Skart, Aghagoheen, Durrus Abbey of Gneeves, to John Read, Esq. Dioceses of Bishop of Ross 1679, Tenants included Hungerford, Emanuel Moore, Richard Travers,Henry Beecher, Richard Tonson. Dioceses of Cork 1699, Rent Roll Dioceses of Cork. Excluding one half of the wrecks of sea for Schull area and the islands, Kilcrohane and Dunmanway area.


From Smiths History of Cork, p. 125-

http://www.corkhist.ie/wp-content/uploads/jfiles/sh/bSH-002.pdf

Rent Roll Bishop of Cork 1676, Schull/Crookhaven to Sir Richard Hull, Drumkilmore, Letterlickey, Durrus to Boyle Hull, Kilmocomogue (Bantry), to John Hull, Kilcrohane to Richard Hull,Clonee, Durrus to George Sims in trust for Widow Burridge, Skart, Aghagoheen, Durrus Abbey of Gneeves, to John Read, Esq.,

Dioceses of Bishop of Ross 1679, Tenants included Hungerford, Emanuel Moore, Richard Travers,Henry Beecher, Richard Tonson.

Dioceses of Cork 1699, Rent Roll Dioceses of Cork. Excluding one half of the wrecks of sea for Schull area and the islands,and Dunmanway area.

Updated 1781, Bishop Mann Visitation of Church of Ireland, Dioceses of Cork. Selected West Cork Parishes, Parish Clerks, Teachers, Churchwardens, 1699 Bishop Dives Downes Tour. 1827 Parliamentary Return of Vestries including Ross Dioceses.


West Cork History

1781, Bishop Mann Visitation of Church of Ireland, Dioceses of Cork. Selected Parishes, Parish Clerks, Teachers, Churchwardens.

The visitation book is in good condition but a few names are hard to make out.

RCB Library, Dublin,

https://www.ireland.anglican.org/about/rcb-library

Ref D121.1

Updated version:

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1FUf37RhSaONXYllElgpDOdwUA9nWaYACxQwxrz4QzEI/edit#gid=0

.

1781, Bishop Mann Visitation of Church of Ireland Dioceses of Cork. Ref D121.1

With 1827 Parliamentary Return of Vestries, including Ross Dioceses:

1781, Bishop Mann Visitation of Church of Ireland Dioceses of Cork. Ref D121.1

Going on the names of some of the teachers they may have come from hedge school background. Some West Cork Teachers:

Bishop Dives Downes did a visitation in 1699/1700 much of which is reproduced in Maziere Brady’s History of the Dioceses by parish:

http://www.corkpastandpresent.ie/history/bradysclericalandparochialrecords/

Other Cork Records:

D12 Cork Cloyne & Ross
.

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1605 Acquisition of Interest in Certain Church Properties at Schull, Myross, Killemuck Barony of Carbery and Garryvoe by Sir (Great Earl of Cork) Richard Boyle.


1605 Acquisition of Interest in Certain Church Properties at Schull, Myross, Killemuck Barony of Carbery and Garryvoe by Sir (Great Earl of Cork) Richard Boyle.

These properties and those at Bantry, Durrus, Kilcrohane were held by the College of Youghal and St. Catherine’s of Waterford. Presumably a legacy of small Norman incursions. Some of these properties appear at late as 1780 in the account books of the Cathedral of St. Finbarrs Cork and are available for inspection at the RCB Library in Dublin

This is from a commentary by Dr. Richard Caulfield of Dr. Smith’s History of Cork

http://www.corkhist.ie/wp-content/uploads/jfiles/sh/bSH-002.pdf

From c 1730, Old Catholic Landed Families West Cork, Baronies of Carbery and General Area, Reinvent Themselves as Middlemen, Merchants, Professionals.


Introduction:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/19YE5U7alhWUprHxyAGzAPUxdm0MKMI0ijytcCU_qQfI/edit

This is an attempt to see how the descendant of the old Gaelic families fared after the ancestral lands were forfeit or confiscated for ‘rebellion’ against the English Crown and administration. It is impossible to be definitive but is likely that many of those represented here are of the old lines.  In the long run they have done well and even thrived.

In contrast those families granted estate, Beechers, Townsends  or those like the Whites of Biantry or Bernards of Bandon who bought land cheaply early 18th century from the Hollow Blade Company did not fare as well.  Few of the West Cork Landed families invested locally in productive assets. Even of the large estates the rentals were modest compared to the larger Irish estates.  An exception would be Cox in the development of the Dunmanway linen industry or Addelry in Innishannon. The building of large houses, ostentatious lifestyles residences in Dublin and London ensued large debts and ultimately little disposable income.  Papers such as the Chief Secretary are replete with Petitions from the West Cork Gentry for Government aid for road, harbour building various types of distress. However their individual personal contribution can characterised by the following during the cholera epidemic in 1833:

1833, John Roberts, Bantry, Magistrate, reported 15th April 1833, death of one of his policeman Ferguson of cholera.  Has been prevalent since the 11th March, 20 cases 5 dead many more now being treated.  This is a miserable neglected town without any resident gentry and the few who do, don’t exert themselves whether by contribution or otherwise to check the advance of the disease.  The Board of Health do not have the money to open a hospital which is the cause of this disease.

There is an untold story of economic development by the likes of the Bandon Clothiers and textile entrepreneurs, the millers, shippers, brewers such as the Deasys of Clonakilty of McCarthys of Skibbereen, the Bantry Vickeries who were the founders of West Cork tourism. Of Thomas Vickery who founded the hotel and pioneers the ’Prince of Wales Route, Bantry to Killarney, ‘he did more for the people of Bantry and surrounding area all the belted Earls.

The section of deeds in the Bantry/Durrus shows the emergence of a class up to now invisible. They comprise Catholic and Protestant farmers of substance, merchants, Grand Jury road contractors who were in a position to advance loans to the local small Landlords such as the Blairs of Blairs Cove, Evansons of Durrus, Hutchinson of Clonee, Durrus.  These are either by way of mortgage or rent charge. Ironically the advances commenced in the late 1780s a time of unparalleled prosperity when a well managed estate should have being doing well. It is estimated the land rent went up by a factor of 3 between 1780 and 1815 the dated of the Battle of Waterloo.

Introduction, p.1

Subject area, p.2

General Charles Vallancey (1731-1812) Survey Report 1778, p.5

Crowley Wills ,p. 8

Professionals

Apothecaries, Doctors p. 16

Lawyers, p.18

1825 Balance of economic advantage grievance of Catholics excluded from Juries, p.19

Convert Rolls/Converts, p.23

Game Certs (Gun Licences), p. 25

Grand Jury Records, Cess payer representatives, p.26

Caheragh/Drimoleague Deeds. P. 40

Deeds Bantry Durrus area, p.40

Magistrates, p 62

Tudor Map of The Barony of Carbery Showing Location of Families, Prior to Confiscations, Forfeitures and Plantations.


West Cork History

Courtesy Cork Historical and Archaeological Society 1904.

1-20170502_155038

The families shown are strongly still represented. The influx of those who have arrived since have been absorbed. DNA evidence suggests a significant amount of intermarriage in the late 17th and 18th century so the headline surname is no guide to the multiple origins of the particular family regardless of religion. From the mid 18th to mid 19th century this was one of the most densely populated rural areas in the world, excluding lake, bog and mountain.

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Tim O'Riordan: An Piobáire Bán (Blind Peter Hegarty aged 44) Come and Hear me every Sunday Morning at the Cross of Colomane known from Bantry, Dunmanus Bay to Baltimore, in every Boreen, Shebeen, Frances O'Neill


Tim O’Riordan: An Piobáire Bán (Blind Peter Hegarty aged 44) Come and Hear me every Sunday Morning at the Cross of Colomane known from Bantry, Dunmanus Bay to Baltimore, in every Boreen, Shebeen, Frances O’Neill

From Tim O’Riordan’s album

The saem townland has another Spillane recorded by Christy Moore, Gortataggart.