1906, February West Carbery Ploughing Match


https://docs.google.com/document/d/19V5oAhsO670DGtbfJgc20ariIs2JXCz5X5_5iy2iZX8/edit

March 1840, Ploughing Prizes Presented at Hollybrook, Skibbereen, West Carbery Agricultural Society.

West Cork Agricultural Society Ploughing Competition, 1862.

West Cork Agricultural Society in place since 1830 Poorly supported by Gentry and Farmers, Ploughing Prizes, Prizewinners Ploughmen for Estates and Boy’s Class, comments on Leases and Prizes for August 1862. Poor Agricultural Productivity feature of Land Tenure.

1883 Funeral of the Earl of Bantry, aged 83, Auction of the Late Earl of Bantry, Livestock including Two Handsome Plough Bullocks, Trained. Probate £107,000 (Circa €25 Million in 2020 terms).

Alleged Ignorance of the Plough. Reen, Bantry, 1800. 1832 From Dublin Penny Journal. Glengariff. Ripening Outdoor Grapes in Bantry, Mr.Tuckey, Mrs. Taylor, Mr. Hutchins of Ardnagashel

1849, Report of Henry J. Fawcett, Practical Instructor on Husbandry of Visit to Bantry, Kealkil, Dunmanway, Durrus, Kilcrohane, Agriculture Very Backward, Custom after taking a Corn Crop to Leave Land Fallow for 4 to 5 Years, Starving Horses, Pannier Tracks, need for Proper Roads, Ploughs A few Sticks Put Together With Pins Only Goes Down A Few Inches, Suggests Grain Crops, Drainage, Manuring, Proper Seed. Back Roads. No Shortage of Local Manures Huge Potential.

1825, Rio de la Plata (Argentina) Agricultural Association, 1 Million Acres Available, Ship Stopping in Cork 40 men wanted Preference to Good Ploughmen.

1450. Act of Irish Parliament, Finín (Fynyn) O’Driscoll, Baltimore, Barony of Carbery, Co. Cork, to be Treated as an Enemy.


1839. Assignment of Interest in Three Ploughlands Hutchinson Estate, Durrus, to William O’Sullivan, Esq., Carriganass Castle, Kealkil.


1839. Assignment of Interest in Three Ploughlands Hutchinson Estate, Durrus, to William O’Sullivan, Esq., Carriganass Castle, Kealkil.

https://irishdeedsindex.net/mem.php?memorial=183915012

Memorial:

Hutchinson Family:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Ce2v219hccdaJWm3mLL7gz-ocnDFxNTD_bWJEV1RAL0/edit

The Estate was sold in the Landed Estates Court in 1854 probably bought by William O’Sullivan, Esq., later his son in law John Barrett is owner. He was conservative lining up with the Lord Bantry/White family their agents the Paynes and various branches of the O’Sullivans off Beara. He came i for praise from Father Kearney Parish Priest of Durrus around 1892. Father keanrey sasi weh a young curate house were largely mud huts on the Hutchinson land. Father Kearney said that due to Mr. Barrett’s efforts they had been replaced by slated houses. Barrett was regularly slated by the Nationalist faction for evictions etc.

William O’Sullivan Esq., Carriganass Castle.

Gave evidence to 1844 Commission Law and practice in respect to the occupation of land in Ireland. Witnesses at Bantry (Rev Christopher Freeman Curate, Richard White Esq. Landlord, Michael Murphy Miller Middleman Donemark, William Neale, Rev. Somers Payne, Land Agent, John O’Connell Esq., Rev. Thomas Barry Parish Priest, Samuel Hutchins Esq. Landlord, Alexander Donovan, Patrick Tobin Farmer Gortavallig Kilcrohane, Timothy Connor, Cornelius Connor, Cornelius Henry Donovan, into Her Majesty’s Commissioners into The Law and Practice of Occupation of Land in Ireland. Lease of Ahiel where he was born and in the family for 100 years from Lord Kenmare not renewed in 1840. Has 500 to 600 acres employs a great number of men. William O’Sullivan, Esq., Carriganass Castle, native Ahill. Game Certificate 1802. 1804 Extract from deed: Partial assignment by Eugene Sullivan, Ballhadown, Caheragh to William Sullivan, Gent., Ahill, (Later Carriganass Castle), of 6 Gneeves of North Sheehy, among lives Daniel Roycroft, aged 7 son of Richard Roycroft, Rooska. Purchased Carriganass from David Mellifont, Donemark in 1817 for £250 and £50 rent previously had been tenant with Maurice Flynn. Hamilton White had left, in his will, cash sums to Richard Blair Esq., Galway (nephew from Blairs Cove, Durrus), who had received various lands in lieu. By this deed Blair assigned these lands to William O’Sullivan, Carriganass in 1822. 1825 took assignment from Godwin Young, hatter Cork (from Bantry) of debt owing 1807, judgement, by Simon White, Glengarriff Castle. Has 500-600 acres from Kenmare Estate. Subscriber 1832 Bantry poor Relief. Decried by Assistant Magistrate for rapacious behaviour toward tenants ‘God help the tenants of the Country with Such landlords’. Enduring bad feeling with McCarthy Downing Skibbereen Solicitor. Accused of being agent to Sir William Draper. Son William Junior probably TCD admissions 1834, aged 16 educated Dr. Hamblin, Cork, William called to the Bar 1844. Signed Testimonial to Resident Magistrate, John Gore Jones, Bantry, 1844. Witness in 1844 Jagoe V Hungerford referred to counsel as moneylender. 1839 acquired an interest in Hutchinson Estate The Estate was sold in the Landed Estates Court in 1854 probably bought by William O’Sullivan, Esq., later his son in law John Barrett is owner. He was conservative lining up with the Lord Bantry/White family, their agents the Paynes and various branches of the O’Sullivans off Beara. He (Barrett) came in for praise from Father Kearney, Parish Priest of Durrus around 1892. Father kearney sasi weh a young curate house were largely mud huts on the Hutchinson land. Father Kearney said that due to Mr. Barrett’s efforts they had been replaced by slated houses. Barrett was regularly slated by the Nationalist faction for evictions etc. . In 1848 seizing cattle at Scart, Bantry for alleged overdue rent to his father with Daniel, John and Cornelius Manning and Eugene and Stephen Sullivan he was imprisoned for 3 months and fined £20 for assault. Son, William, Barrister, made a Magistrate 1850 on recommendation of Earl of Bandon superseded after two days. Prosecuted in Cork for criminal libel. Daughter married Barrett who took over the estate. According to John Windle he contemplated the restoration of Carriganass Castle. Brother Jeremiah in Brennymore, Kealkil his daughter married Portuguese Captain Jose Biaia later resident in Kealkil. 1854 large farm at Kilcrea with quarry to let apply William O’Sullivan or Daniel O’Sullivan, Church St., Cork. Complained that in 1840 his lease of Ards (2 very large farms 3 miles inland) was not renewed by Lord Kenmare. This lease commences in 1756 between William Sullivan, an attorney who married the daughter of Rev. Schofield who had the lands. The lives in a lease for three lives of Richard Cox, son of the Archbishop of Cashel, and Richard and George sons of Sir Richard Cox of Dunmanway at a rent of £52. Grandson QUILL, Albert William, in occupation pre 1908. He has dealings with Eugene O’Sullivan, of Ballaghadown Caheragh, a Protestant, Church Warden, Drimoleague and who sells an interest in Caha lands rented from Shouldham Estate. There may be a relationship as William O’Sullivan acquired part of Hutchinson’s lands at Durrus it is likely that Hugh Hutchinson who died young 1804 wife Margaret O’Sullivan was a sister of Eugene O’Sullivan. Rev. Somers Payne, Upton, Innishannon. Gave evidence to 1844 Commission Law and practice in res

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1906 Durrus Races and Athletic Sports, Preliminary Meeting Carbery Ploughing Match, Oldcourt (Skibbereen) Horse Races, Postponed from Stephen’s Day, 1908 August, Carbery Show, Unqualified Success, Splendid Spectacle, Enormous number of entrants


1906 Durrus Races and Athletic Sports, Preliminary Meeting Carbery Ploughing Match, Oldcourt (Skibbereen) Horse Races Postponed from Stephen’s Day.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MeGdwLoQHyzLsfP3e4yNguYEiC-9Zws1vGKSitNtxww/edit

1908 August, Carbery Show, Unqualified Success, Splendid Spectacle, Enormous number of entrants. It looks like everyone in West Cork was involved huge numbers listed.

1843-1947 West Cork Agricultural Societies and Shows.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1yoNjmDNQKT_pk3nvlCsT72YWYoDENcs–uaJxh2ber8/edit

1895, Durrus Races including Bicycle Races, St. Stephen’s Day and Athletics

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/37330

Cricket Match 13th April 1868, Bantry Cricket Club and Officers and men of H.M.S. Lark. Bantry Wins

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/14302

Midsummer Athletic Sports , Coolkellure, Dunmanway, West Cork, 1877 under the Patronage of Colonel Shouldham including Throwing a Weight, Throwing Cricket Ball.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/14302

Photo c 1890 Ballabuidhe, Dunmanway, Horse Fair and Races, 1614 Charter to Randal Óg Hurley, Ballinacarriga Castle of Fair, Re Randal Óg Hurley it is possible that the Protestant Hurley family of nearly Kilmeen are successors. They repeatedly use Randal as a Christian name, farmers, teachers and latterly doctors.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/39067

Irish Christian Brothers Mission to Hupei, China, 1921-1926, Memoir of Brother Dougan (1900-1987), Impressions of Shanghai 1921, Assistance to Columban Fathers Prefecture Hubei, Monsignor Galvin, Hanyang Iron Works taken over by Japanese, holidays in Kuling Mountains, Chinese Funerals, Ancestor Worship, Marriage Customs, Snakes, Malaria, Small Pox (Black Death), Warlord Wu-Pey-Fu in Hupoi, Moscow trained Political Commissars take over College home via Saigon elegant Boulevards, shock in Dublin at new Griffith Avenue


West Cork History

Irish Christian Brothers Mission to Hupei, China, 1921-1926, Memoir of Brother Dougan (1900-1987), Impressions of Shanghai 1921, Assistance to Columban Fathers Prefecture Hubei, Monsignor Galvin, Hanyang Iron Works taken over by Japanese, holidays in Kuling Mountains, Chinese Funerals, Ancestor Worship, Marriage Customs, Snakes, Malaria, Small Pox (Black Death), Warlord Wu-Pey-Fu in Hupoi, Moscow trained Political Commissars take over College home via Saigon elegant Boulevards, shock in Dublin at new Griffith Avenue

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1RwRqvmI5bTTScqxHR82eN3zbjXhPYuHhr4iHVNPK6oM/edit#heading=h.gjdgxs

Brother Peter Dougan taught in the C.B.S. School in CarrickWhen Bro. Dougan was in Carrick, he didn’t mention his time in China in school to the pupils. That is one of the things that is fascinating. For a man that experienced such a dangerous time in China to return to a relatively quiet time in Tipperary.

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3rd June 1905 Early Potatoes Clonakilty, Buyers from Scotland Motoring via Larne, Growers Listed


The Late Father Coombes wrote of the importance of the early potato crop in the Clonakilty district and of the trade in potatoes going to Cork by boat.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1qEWcoQlOMUYoodZ7rDhGa15aznhanSpKfGddsjiiOiU/edit

1843-1844. Alexander O’Driscoll Landlord, Magistrate, Skibbereen, In trouble Again before the Lord Chancellor, He Had 40 Men Dig the Potatoes Of a Defaulting Tenant, while there cattle from a neighbouring farm strayed and were seized by his Drivers, Another Incident of Whipping a Boy on the Hunt. Maintains a Local Vendetta Against Him. Charges Concocted by a certain class of Individuals named ‘The Arbitration Committee of the Repeal Association’ consisting of A Dealer of Tapes and Small Cottons, A Village Schoolmaster, A Ci-Devant Village Saddler, A former Maker of Felt Hats and A Bankrupt Corn Dealer.

At Bawnlahan, (Bán Leathan/Broad Lea), Skibbereen, West Cork, House of ‘The O’Donovan’, Lieutenant General Richard O’Donovan (1768-1829), Potatoes, Using Grufán 4th February, Planting Earlies ‘American’ 19th February, Main Crop after St. Patrick’s Day, Kidney Potatoes, Brown Fancy, Beldrums, White Eyed Potatoes, 1823′ Apple Potatoes’. Using Sea Sand as Fertilizer

.\https://durrushistory.wordpress.com/wp-admin/post.php?post=34710&action=edit

 Justice for Sale, Skibbereen Area, West Cork  Evidence of Father Collins, parish Priest,’ I have known Magistrates who had no other visible means of support but the trade they carried on as Magistrates, Receiving Presents to a large amount, having their work done, presents of potatoes, corn and cattle and presents of money too’. Alexander O’Driscoll, ‘Several in That part of the County Called Trading Magistrates,  Who are Understood to Sell Justice to the Party Who Pays them Best’   Perjury at Elections Mr. McCarthy, Magistrate. From the Westminster Review.

1801 Potatoes in Drill

January 1739, Loss of Potato Crop due to Severe Frost, Plea from Cork Corporation to Stop Export of Oats, Chief Support of Poor. 1766. Ordered, that a Memorial be sent to thee Lords Justices, in the name of the Mayor, &c., praying an order of Government to prevent the exportation of all sorts of grain, meal, and potatoes for a limited time,as corn in general has failed this season and a great scarcity dreaded next winter and spring.

William Travers Arkin (1841-1872), Fern Hill, Clonakilty, Founder of Queensland Hibernian Society.


Fern Hill was later acquired by the Wright family solicitors, barristers, judges, land agents, landlords.

William Travers Arkin features in an article by Rodney Sullivan and Robin Sullivan, Memorialising Irish Australians in Brisbane, 1872-2017.

Robert Travers Atkin, (1841-1871), born in Fernhill, Clonakilty, the son of William Francis Atkin and his wife Alice Hungerford (née Stewart). In 1863, he emigrated to Queensland, Journalist Member Queensland Assembly. Father of Lord Atkin, Judge 1932 in Landmark Case on Law of Negligence Donoghue v Stevenson. Died of T.B. A monument was erected to his memory by the members of the Hibernian Society of Queensland, of which he was vice-pres. Relative of Thomas Davis. The Wright Brothers of Fernhill, Clonakilty, Lawyers and some Landowners.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/37151

In the 19th century up to 30% of the population of Ireland was Protestant. It is unfortunate that Ireland unlike The Netherlands and Germany was unable to resolve religious difference.

https://www.academia.edu/37737533/Memorialising_Irish_Australians_in_Brisbane_1872_2017

From the early 19th century many members of the West Cork Landlord families settle in Australia the prospects at home being grim.

Dinnseanchas. The Naming of Houses After the Homeplace, Richard Wright, Clonakilty, ‘Carbery’, Glenageary, Methodist Rev. Earnest Donovan, Foronaught, Myross, Sandycove, Dublin, Richard Townsend ‘Dunbeacon’, Horton Australia

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/38363

Joshua Dowe M.D. (1813-1875), Carrigmanus, Goleen to Doctor Huntsville, Australian Coroner, Windsor, extended Family, Australian Connections

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/34988

Eldon Potter, (1836-1906). Skibbereen Eagle. Keeping an Eye on the Tsar. Father United Irishman. A Sterling Irishman’, with Sir John Gorst, M. P. Aughadown, 1891, Investigation into Distress in West Cork


Click here:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1jWpOL_m1-4M0OaTCmOyr74T8jvyE0Jlkq4KIuzKRDvA/edit

Eldon Potter, (1836-1906).  A Sterling Irishman’, Skibbereen Eagle, An Eye on the Tsar.   Sir John Gorst, M.P., Royal  Commissioner on Labour,   Aughadown, 1891

Eldon Potter, (1836-1906). businessman, editor and later owner of the paper commonly called the Skibbereen Eagle.  In 1891 he hosted Sir John Gorst in a historic  fact finding mission to West Cork and reported extensively.  There are harrowing descriptions of distress, absolute poverty and hopefulness.  In a sense for the poorer classes the ripple effect of the Famine lingered well into the 1890s with periodic partial crop failure agricultural depression.  It was not confined to just Catholics there  were many poor Protestants  in the districts west of Skibbereen.

Conversely post famine there was significant consolidation of farms holdings,  the commercial development of the towns.  This is a reflection in the rising number of readers of the Skibbereen Eagle and  the range of advertising of goods and services.

Potter was fiercely independent. Perhaps a legacy of his father being a United irishman.  A Patriot in Jonathan Swift’s description as one who grew 2 blades of grass where 1 grew before.  His enormous funeral is a testament to the respect he commanded from all walks of life regardless of politics or religion.

Magistrate, p. 1

Southern Star Centenary 1989 on history of Skibbereen Eagle and Eldon Potter, p. 2-42

Dublin Opinion Cartoon 1849, Dev and Stalin on Keeping an Eye on the Tsar, p. 16

Sir John Eldon Gorst, Conservative Rebel, p. 43

Grave and Funeral p. 44, p. 98-107

Sir John Eldon Gorst, 1891 hosted by Potter visit to West Cork p. 77-87

Commentary on figures mentioned local distress 1891, 87-91

Congested District Board, West Cork Baseline Survey, 1891, p. 91

1906, Enormous Funeral of Daniel Burke, aged 46, Farmer and Magistrate, Skibbereen


https://docs.google.com/document/d/12DGQVZCawqHqn-S0obVhQYcFGTnTI_t4YfiEfVJ8Eo0/edit

Magistrate:

Daniel Burke (1861-1906), Bridge St. Lower, Skibbereen, 1901, farmer, family prominent one brother doctor, another barrister mother has Irish.

..

Brother

853-1 James Michael Burke JP Barrister, 1900, TD 1933 Cumann na nGaedheal Bridge St., 8th son of Patrick, brother of Daniel Magistrate.  University School. Skibbereen, Queen’s College, Brook Scholas, author ‘History of the Carberies’.1935 donor to Vincent de Paul. 1932, attending funeral of Michael Harrington, Merchant, Skibbereen.   1905 Funeral of Father O’Hea, Ardfield, Clonakilty.  Member of Blueshirts.   District Council 1914 assentors Timothy Sheehy, J.M. Burke,B.L.  1916 sent a telegram to funeral of Mrs. Mary McCarthy, Clonakilty. 1909 attending the funeral of Dr. William Jennings, J.P.

Brother:

Patrick Joseph Burke, M.B, B.ch, B.A.O.UCC Doctor Noted athlete. Brother, Daniel, farmer, Magistrate, mother , merchant, has Irish brother James W. Barrister “Attending funeral of 1932, Alexander McCarthy, Bishopsland Caheragh former Member Skibbereen Board of  Guardians.  1932, Miss Rebecca Beechinor, formerly Reenroe House, Skibbereen.