Father William Holland, Ardfield, Clonakilty, (1876-1950). 1949 History of West Cork. Included genealogies of Barrys, De Courceys, McCarthys, O’Crowleys, O’Driscolls, O’Heas, O’Hurleys, O’Mahonys, O’Sullivans. 1950 Funeral and Background.

Father William Holland, Ardfield, Clonakilty, (1876-1950). 1949 History of West Cork. Included genealogies of Barrys, De Courceys, McCarthys, O’Crowleys, O’Driscolls, O’Heas, O’Hurleys, O’Mahonys, O’Sullivans. 1950 Funeral and Background.

Father William Holland, SMA, 1911-1952 was a relative.

His extended family included the O’Heas and Maddesn of Ardfield. Included was the famous Master Madden, after he finished this National School at Ardfield he ran a cramming school to prepare I think boys only for English Civil Service e Exams. Included among his pupils were future revolutionaries Sam Maguire and his brother and Michael Collins.

At the back of the book is a series of notations by John T.Collins from Kilmeen, Clonakilty. He was part of a loose group including Paddy O’Keeffe, Bantry, Bernard O’Regan, Aughadown, Emmet O’Donovan, Clonakilty. He assisted Basil O’Connell in compiling ‘The O’Connell Tracts’. In the 1950s he was given access to a 18th century collection of Cork Newspaper compiled by the Kearneys of Garrettstown House. By the 1950s Mr. Cussen, Solicitor, Newcastle West had the collection. John T. Collins published widely in the Cork Historical adn Archaeological JOurnal available online great research highly accurate.

History of West Cork:

Pretty much a a stunning achievement before the Internet and Google and the he spent long periods serving in Northern Nigeria.

Funeral and background:


Funeral and background:


1765, Accounts of Franciscan Community, Broad Lane, Cork, Diet, Rents, Taxes.

1765, Accounts of Franciscan Community, Broad Lane, Cork, Diet, Rents, Taxes.










23 lb beef

Shoulder of mutton 13 lb.

Shoulder of mutton 11 lb.

Mutton a leg weight

Beef 20 lb.

Leg of mutton 10.5 lb.

Leg of mutton


Pork one side for the house

Hind muton 6 lb

Shoulder of mutton 10 lb.

Quarter of Mutton


Ling 8.5 lb.

Cod for Friday

Ling 19 lb.

Cod 2 fresh


Dried Ling 10 lb

Ling 7.75 lb

Entire Smoked Salmon

Salmon another cut

Ale 2 quarts



Potatoes 25 weights



Leeks and celery



Butter cask half hundred weight

Other butter

Butter 13lb

Butter for basting mutton


Butter quarter

Sundry Consumables

Salt half pack


Sand for altar

Coarse sand for altar and stairs

Sand for stairs

Sand for Parlour

Sand free for washerwoman stone


Candles 2 lb

Mustard 5 pints

Vinegar 1 pint


ZFlesh eating oil


Ale 2 days

Punch 1 snag


Ale one quart

Brandy one pint




Punch snag


Ale 2 quarts

Beer 1

Ale 6 quarts

Wine 1 gallon

Brandy half pint

Ale 5 quarts

Ale 5 quarts

Brandy noggin after dinner

Ale one quart

Ale 5 quarts

Ale 6 quarts

Ale for community 5 quarts

Ale for community 5 quarts

Ale for community 4 quarts

Ale for community 5 quarts

Ale for strangers

Rum quart, sugar and oranges

Brandy half pint

Wine gallon for the altar

Metheglin 1  pint


Beer and ale for the family, 5 quarts\


Ale 2 days for Biddy


Coal and porterage in total 4 loads


Water for the chaapel

Water for washing the parlour

Water for the kitchen

The waterman

For water

Taxes, Rents

Parish rates

Minister’s Money

Parish rates

Sheriff Butler, half years rent

Rent to William Worrell

Hearth money

Parish Rates

Ministers Money

Church rates and clark’s gallery

Diarmuid (Jeremiah) Crowley (Diarmiuid Ó Crualaoich), (1875-1847), Kilbrittain Born Supreme Court Judge of Dáil Courts. Stormy Petrel

Diarmuid (Jeremiah) Crowley (Diarmiuid Ó Crualaoich), (1875-1847), Kilbrittain Born Supreme Court Judge of Dáil Courts. Stormy Petrel

A full account of his life is give here:



 “The Count Plunkett habeas corpus application and the end of the Dáil Supreme Court” in-person lecture given by Mr. Justice Gerard Hogan on 28 April at 6:30pm, as part of the Four Courts 100 lecture series.


For his earlier life as a British Civil Servant you would wonder if he attended the famous cramming

Master Madden

Oillscoilan t-Sleigh, The Academy of Master Madden late 19th century, Ardfield, Clonakilty to Prepare Boys for the British Civil Service Exams. Pupils included Michael Collins and Sam Maguire.


The Crowley seems to have a history of awkward Customers

Father Jeremiah Crowley was jailed following criminal libel trial instigated by the Local Church of Ireland Minister on Mizen. He was give a heroes welcome leaving and returning to Cork. Later unhappy differences between him and Cork bishop entailed him leaving for America same scenarios left the Catholic Church became a Bible hall preacher denouncing the errors of Rome.


The Crowley of West Cork are really McDermotts of Roscommon whop arrived as mercenaries in West Cork some time after 1200. Their nick name Crua (Tough) Laoich (Warrior) eventually became the surname. As McDemotts they are probably part of there Northern Uí Neill descending from Niall of the Nine Hostages;


In this category also are probing many of the Norther Loyalists with a Scots Presbeterian background, descending from the Irish who migrated to Western Scotland pre 1000 returning in the Plantation in the 17th century similarly the Scots Irish in America.

1911 Clonakilty Show, Novelty of Alfa Laval Milk Separator, Local Agent, Atkins, Clonakilty, Prizewinning foal  from horse bred by Boss Croker, Greyhounds,Terriers, Milk Churning Competition, Milch Goats Class among others.

1911 Clonakilty Show, Novelty of Alfa Laval Milk Separator, Local Agent, Atkins, Clonakilty, Prizewinning foal  from horse bred by Boss Croker, Greyhounds,Terriers, Milk Churning Competition, Milch Goats Class among others.


Boss Croker:


Alfa Laval:

Clonakilty being a major centre of the dairy industry.

History of Alfa Laval


O’Donovan Ancestry of West Cork Landlords Becher/Wrixons.

O’Donovan Ancestry of West Cork Landlords Becher/Wrixons.

The RCB Library houses the Welply Genealogical Collection which if I aha it right is 40 boxes

Some Cork Wills (1528-1859), destroyed in 1922 copied by William Henry Welply of Balineen, West Cork.


With the bulk of Irish probate records lodged in the Public Record Office at the Four Courts in Dublin having been destroyed in 1922 any copies of abstracts created before that date are invaluable to genealogists. Noted Cork genealogist W H Welply was, along with other members of the Society of Genealogists like Captain G S Carey, the Rev. Wallace Clare and J R Hutchinson, part of that movement started in the 1930s and 40s to recreate and provide substitutes for Irish records destroyed in 1922. 

The abstracts of Irish wills and genealogical information from the Plea Rolls were presented to the Society’s document collection (then known as D.Ms) by William Henry Welply in 1921 and 1922. Subsequently these pencil notes were typed up for the Society by the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland, accessioned into the Society’s book collection and placed on the Irish shelves (IR/G 96-113 & 116-7) in 1933. While largely containing abstracts of wills from various testamentary Courts in Ireland and England, the abstracts to have references from court cases in the Chancery and other Equity Courts in both countries.

An index to these and other surrogate abstracts of Irish wills in the Genealogical Office was compiled and published in 1949 by Miss P Beryl Eustace in the journal Analecta Hibernica (including the reports of the Irish Manuscript Commission) vol. 17 p 147 and this work is frequently cited and reported on line.

Copies of Welply’s work can be found in various record offices including PRONI and his genealogical notes and papers were finally bequeathed to the Representative Church Body Library in Dublin after his death in 1960. The will abstracts from these papers are indexed in Volume 6 of the journal the Irish genealogist and abstracts of Irish Chancery Bills and other genealogical notes or “gleanings” at the RCBL are indexed in volume 7 of the Irish Genealogist. 

Welply’s abstracts stand with other similar collections at the Society notably Lorna Rossbottom’s Collection of 4000 abstracted Irish wills also digitised and made available for members on SoG Data Online 

Although of Dublin, Welply is known as a Cork genealogist. Many of his abstracts relate to the Province of Munster and by far the greater part are from Cork, however there are references to wills from most dioceses in Ireland and many for Dublin.

According to the FamilySeach wiki the abstracts from Welply’s collection relating only to families living in the Cork area were printed and published in the Albert E. Casey Collection (usually entitled “O’Kief, Coshe Mang, Slieve Lougher and Upper Blackwater in Ireland”). Volume fourteen of this fifteen volume set contains the will abstracts for counties Cork and Kerry and covers the entire time period the Prerogative Court of Armagh was in existence (1536 -1857). The wills are indexed by every name mentioned in the abstract at the end of volume fourteen. However, the index is defective and some entries are missing. Casey’s collection was microfilmed by the Family History Library and volume 14 is on Family History Library microfilm 823809 item 2. Again, this material was printed only for the Cork area families, the remaining extracts were not published in this work. 

In Volume 19 held at the RCB Library is a small note book in handwriting. The Genealogy of the Beechers/Becher is recited. Also in great detail is the genealogy of John Philpot Curran:

] (https://www.libraryireland.com/biography/JohnPhilpotCurran.php)

Of interest

John Becher born 6th April 1700

He married 19th August 1737 Mary daughter of Rev. Philip Townsend (this family have Galwey ancestry, on marriage she appears in the Convert Rolls)

Their son John married Mary O’Donovan daughter of the Rev. Morgan O’Donovan.

Their daughter Mary married William Wrixon of Ballygiblin, Mallow he took on the Beecher name and inherited the West Cork Estates being made a Baronet 30th September 1819 he died 1819.

1819. At Bawnlahan, (Bán Leathan/Broad Lea), Skibbereen, West Cork, House of ‘The O’Donovan’, Lieutenant General Richard O’Donovan (1768-1829), Potatoes, Using Grufán 4th February, Planting Earlies ‘American’ 19th February, Main Crop after St. Patrick’s Day, Kidney Potatoes, Brown Fancy, Beldrums, White Eyed Potatoes, 1823′ Apple Potatoes’. Using Sea Sand as Fertilizer.


General O’Donovan’s mother was Jane Beecher only about 16 when she married widower The O’Donovan he well into his 60s

The Morgan O’Donovan branch on the death of General O’Donovan in 1829 without issue the title ‘The O’Donovan’ as Chieftains of the family passed to the Morgan O’Donovan ancestor of the present The O’Donovan.

In the papers of Dr. John O’Donovan the great scholar the legitimacy of this is questioned. The papers asr in the Graves Collection, Royal Irish Academy.

1814, Thomas Godson Agrees at Breenybeg, Kealkil to Sow Furze Seeds and 12 Perches of Lawful Double Ditches

  1. 878  24 Sept. 1814Renewal of a Lease made between Richard, Lord Viscount Bantry, Bantry, and Thomas Godson (Writing Clerk), City of Cork, subject to a surrender of a former lease, for the lands of Breenybeg containing 4 gneeves, in the Barony of Bantry. It is for three lives renewable, from the [24th] September last, at a878 contd..



yearly rent of £14. 14. 0, payable half yearly on the 29th September and the 25th March. Godson agrees to sow furze seeds and to erect 12 perches of lawful double ditches, failure to do so will incur an additional 12 shillings on the rent. The former lease was held by John Godson (grandfather of Thomas Godson).

From Bantry House Rental Records, Boole Library, UCC.


Nearby on the Bantry part of the Kenmare East from the early 18th century larger tenants were obliged to plant trees, lime and develop land:

1914, Bandon and Clonakilty Agricultural Shows.  Bandon Disappointed as Lord Carbery Unable to Perform Air Display.

1843-1954 West Cork Agricultural Societies and Shows:


1914, Bandon and Clonakilty Agricultural Shows.  Bandon Disappointed as Lord Carbery Unable to Perform Air Display.


1914, Bandon and Clonakilty Agricultural Shows.  Bandon Disappointed as Lord Carbery Unable to Perform Air Display.


Lord Carbery:

Courtesy Bill Holohan:


Flour Bags, Updated With Contributions From Irish America.

Flour Bags

The latest fashion recycling brings back memories of how resourceful our ancestors were.  

Everything was used 

Flour bags  were made from white cotton, a durable material which generally had the millers  logo front and back.

They were universally  used for bedding and clothing for women.

The procedure to try and eliminate the logs was repeated washing and bleaching outdoors

The bags were dyed using materials such as old tree leaves of beetroot juice.  In particular this made colourful dresses for girls.

People became somewhat better off and the practice was abandoned and replaced with bed clothes  bought from shops.

The story was told probably in the late 1920s an elderly lady west Of Kilcrohane was attended by Dr. Michael McCarthy was  a bit of a character with a ready wit.

She was in bed wearing a shift made with flour bags but the emblem was not washed out. In this case it Read Chastity Mills’  He was asked how she was doing, ‘Well’ he said ‘she had chastity on her back and belly…’

Dr. McCarthy:

1876-1937 Dr. Michael John McCarthy, LRCP,  Edinburgh, 1903 Doctor Durrus Dispensary, previously 1906 Co.Offaly “Dr. Michael McCarthy was appointed in 1918 and died in 1937 after 20 years service.    He was from Bredagh, Drimoleague, his father a builder mother Anne Crowley, assistant teacher, Drimoleague, 1901 he and  his family have Irish. Married Cork 1906 his wife Margaret Dineen from Cllonakilty.   The salary for his replacement was advertised at £250-350, with £40 for additional health duties. The position of midwife was advertised for Durrus/Kilcrohane in 1938 at a salary of 340-2-£60 per annum. He was active in Fianna Fail and chairman of the old IRA branch.

1935 funeral of Dr. Edward Shipsey, Schull. He also speaks of Dr. McCarthy the Dispensary Doctor of Durrus. He had been a doctor with the British Army but was then the medical advisor to the local IRA and an intelligence officer. It is believed that in the IRA raid of Durrus RIC barracks he managed the explosives. Dr McCarthy of Durrus was prominently involved with Fianna Fail over these elections in 1932 the election speeches referred to the annuities and the general depression.The Durrus Fianna Fail cumann in 1935 comprised Dr.McCarthy Chairman J. A. Moynihan, Vice Chairman, T. Ross, Treasurer, J. McCarthy, Secretary. The Cumann were in 1935 calling for the commencement of the Ballycommane Forestry Scheme.


The late Joe O’Boyle was  a ship broker based in Dingle and was often in Vigo in Spain. Some years ago he was with Juan Ferra the founder of a major international machinery company.  In his young days (he is now in his 90s) he was a deckhand and later skipper of one of the trawlers which used to call to Bantry.  The fishermen bartered ling for flour which given the poverty of Spain at the time was prized.  Of more interest were the flour bags which were used as bedding and dyed and made into trousers.  See also Michael Carroll’s book ‘the Second Armada’

From Irish America:

I remember sheets being made of flour bags, but not clothes. ..

I had dresses made from flour sacks.

I am the little dark haired little girl in my dress my grandma made for me.



During the great depression in America the flour bags were printed with cheerful patterns great for kid clothes and colourful quilts.

I had no idea of any of this! How very interesting! So, is this also what was used for quilting blankets?..Quilts made of flours bags. Love to find sheets.. Quilts made of flours bags. Love to find sheets.


From West Cork:

My Granny used also use the flour bags as tea towels , I never remember any other sort of tea towel being used other than those, also she used the flour bags to strain the warm fresh milk from the bucket to the churn.

Sheets were made in our house , and they used to be cut in squares for straining milk straight from the cow.