1803, Methodist Minister Rev John Rogers, Unpublished Memoir.   Preaching on Circuit in West Cork 1803.    He married Mary Croston, 1810, Crookhaven Church.  Among those mentioned, Skibbereen, Atkins, William and Susan Atkins, John Evans, Ardrally, William Young, Letterscanlan, Cole, Dromore, Roger Young, Thomas Kingston, Caherincrin, Bantry, (where he preached to hundreds), James Vickery, Rooska, William Vickery, Dunbittern, John Skuse, Richard Allin (Allen), Ballyriggard, Richard Roycroft, Kilpatrick, Melvin, English, Schull, Swanton, Ballydehob, Mrs Moore, Newcourt, Mr. Wright, Glandore, 


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1803, Methodist Minister Rev John Rogers, Unpublished Memoir.   Preaching on Circuit in West Cork 1803.    He married Mary Croston, 1810, Crookhaven Church.  Among those mentioned, Skibbereen, Atkins, William and Susan Atkins, John Evans, Ardrally, William Young, Letterscanlan, Cole, Dromore, Roger Young, Thomas Kingston, Caherincrin, Bantry, (where he preached to hundreds), James Vickery, Rooska, William Vickery, Dunbittern, John Skuse, Richard Allin (Allen), Ballyriggard, Richard Roycroft, Kilpatrick, Melvin, English, Schull, Swanton, Ballydehob, Mrs Moore, Newcourt, Mr. Wright, Glandore,

 

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/5774

 

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Methodist Minister, Rev. Adam Averill, 1799, on possible Scottish Origin, of West Cork, Swanton family and reputed Scottish Plantation, Castlehaven/Skibbereen c 1690s, Andersons, Hamiltons.


West Cork History

https://www.google.ie/maps/place/Castlehaven,+Co.+Cork/@51.5108647,-9.1919606,12z/data=!4m2!3m1!1s0x4845af85f3f3c235:0x1800c7a937dfd780

Methodist Minister, Rev. Adam Averill, 1799, on possible Scottish Origin, of West Cork, Swanton family and reputed Scottish Plantation, Castlehaven/Skibbereen c 1690s, Andersons, Hamiltons.

It is interesting that the West Cork Somervilles, descend from a Rev. Somerville who fled to Ireland from persecution in Scotland c 1690 and may coincide if there was such a Plantation.

Re the names Hamilton may be Scottish or a corruption of an old Gaelic name.

The Swantons have a tradition of industry, hard work and dissent which some would say are Scottish virtues.

1-IMG_78201-Scan 1473

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 Justice for Sale, Skibbereen Area, West Cork  Evidence of Father Collins, parish Priest,’ I have known Magistrates who had no other visible means of support but the trade they carried on as Magistrates, Receiving Presents to a large amount, having their work done, presents of potatoes, corn and cattle and presents of money too’. Alexander O’Driscoll, ‘Several in That part of the County Called Trading Magistrates,  Who are Understood to Sell Justice to the Party Who Pays them Best’   Perjury at Elections Mr. McCarthy, Magistrate. From the Westminster Review.


 Justice for Sale, Skibbereen Area, West Cork  Evidence of Father Collins, parish Priest,’ I have known Magistrates who had no other visible means of support but the trade they carried on as Magistrates, Receiving Presents to a large amount, having their work done, presents of potatoes, corn and cattle and presents of money too’. Alexander O’Driscoll, ‘Several in That part of the County Called Trading Magistrates,  Who are Understood to Sell Justice to the Party Who Pays them Best’ Perjury at Elections Mr. McCarthy, Magistrate from the Westminster Review.

There were calls around this time for a minimum property qualification for Magistrates to avoid the type of temptation alleged.   From the early 1820s Petty Session Courts began spontaneously to appear in Cork. They were given a statutory basis later in the decade and supplemented by paid Stipendiary Magistrates who sat with local Magistrates

 

Cork Magistrates:

 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ZvT84JCKTIhMqqZjJsF_AUJLH8S820ksObykwOty3wg/edit

 

 

 

https://books.google.ie/books?id=snkIAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA92&lpg=PA92&dq=petty+session+skibbereen&source=bl&ots=VpMC3KMivx&sig=0Cd3mp3B7m2S-b462cvalhzNkqI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjc-JmkoZrVAhXHLsAKHfMPCWw4ChDoAQgdMAE#v=onepage&q=cork&f=false..

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1714, Disturbances caused by a ‘Clan of loose unaccountable Irish Papists’ who ‘appear with Swords, Cutlashes and Fire Arms, to the Great Terror of the Neighbouring Subjects.’ in Crookhaven, West Cork.


https://www.google.ie/maps/@51.4684006,-9.7282294,17z

1714, Disturbances caused by a ‘Clan of loose unaccountable Irish Papists’ who ‘appear with Swords, Cutlashes and Fire Arms, to the Great Terror of the Neighbouring Subjects.’ in Crookhaven, West Cork.

From the catalogue of Marsh’s Library Dublin location of manuscript.

 

https://durrushistory.com/2017/02/08/1807-crookhaven-west-cork-travellers-tale/

https://durrushistory.com/2017/01/22/rev-paul-limrick-legal-action-c-1725-re-glebe-of-crookhaven-in-the-court-case-concerning-the-glebe-in-crookhaven-paul-wrote-crookhaven-is-eight-miles-of-barbarous-road-from-skull-and-in-wi/

 

https://durrushistory.com/2016/08/22/extract-from-letter-very-bad-mutton-and-beef-you-cant-conceive-of-the-wretchedness-of-it-of-godwin-swift-customs-man-16th-may-1757-from-crookhaven-west-cork-ireland-2/

 

https://durrushistory.com/2016/08/22/rev-fitzgerald-tisdall-rector-of-kilmoe-goleen-west-cork-founder-and-commandant-of-crookhaven-yeomanry-corps-murdered-at-priests-leap-1809/

 

https://durrushistory.com/2017/01/08/1824-richard-griffith-road-engineer-progress-report-skibbereen-to-crookhaven-wheeled-carts-now-appear-where-heretofore-loads-were-carried-on-the-backs-of-horses-new-entrance-to-town-of-bandon-r/

 

Papers concerning disturbances in Crookhaven, Co. Cork

MS Date: 1714
Description: 4p.
Contents: Copy letter from Captain Lewis Lermond in Bantry to Lieutenant Colonel Manning, his superior officer, in Dublin giving an account of disturbances caused by a ‘Clan of loose unaccountable Irish Papists’ who ‘appear with Swords, Cutlashes and Fire Arms, to the Great Terror of the Neighbouring Subjects.’ in Crookhaven, Co. Cork. He encloses with the letter supporting letters and statements by Finin Merigoe, Dermod Merigoe, Kedagh Donovan and Cornelius McMurtigh.
Item Note: Previously p. 47. See also Z3.1.1(11).

Tomb Old Caheragh Graveyard, Skibbereen, West Cork, of Timothy McCarthy Downing, Skibbereen Lawyer, Landlord, Margaret Mary daughter buried died 1868, aged 28 wife of Captain Thomas John Davys, Justice of the Peace Longford, His Brother Roger Downing , Bantry Businessman, Political Activist. Obituary 1873 Charles O’Regan, Esq, 78, Landlord, Ballydehob, A Fine Old Irish Gentleman Uncle of Charles Roycroft, Magistrate, Macroom.


West Cork History

https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#sent/15d4a276e9da9000

Obituary 1873 Charles O’Regan, Esq, 78, Landlord, Ballydehob, A Fine Old Irish Gentleman Uncle of Charles Roycroft, Magistrate, Macroom,

https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#sent/15d4a276e9da9000

Tomb Old Caheragh Graveyard, Skibbereen, West Cork, of Timothy McCarthy Downing, Skibbereen Lawyer, Landlord, Margaret Mary  daughter buried died 1868, aged 28 wife of Captain Thomas John Davys, Justice of the Peace Longford,  Roger Downing , Bantry Businessman, Political Activist.

Died 1879 Timothy McCarthy Downing Esq Solicitor, MP Prospect House, Skibbereen. Subscriber (5 copies) Dr. Daniel Donovan ‘History of Carbery, 1876. Probate to Rev. Charles Davis, Rosscarberry and Francis Joseph McCarthy, Queenstown Esq two of the Universal Legtees Effect under £9,000. Captain John Thomas Davies, JP, Longford, married Margaret Mary McCarthy Downing d Mccarthy Downing, Skibbereen, solicitor, landlord, MP. died 1868, aged 28 buried Old Caheragh. Landed estate sale of Becher Estate sons, Charles Edward b 1845, Francis Henry named as life in a number of leases b 1846

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1843, Frequency of Petty Session Courts at Carrigboy (Durrus) , Held Every Three Weeks, West Cork, Missed due to Wet Days, Magistrates in Cork, too near Christmas only 5 Sitting Days Missed in 1842.


1843, Frequency of Petty Session Courts at Carrigboy (Durrus) , Held Every Three Weeks, West Cork, Missed due to Wet Days, Magistrates in Cork, too near Christmas only 5 Sitting Days Missed in 1842.

The local Magistrates were members of the Evanson family, the O’Donovans of O’Donovan’s Cove, The Fort, three brothers and from surrounding areas.  It is unclear if the Resident Magistrates were sitting at this time.

 

The petty Session Court was held on the first floor of the Courthouse from after 1850 when the village was rebuilt by the Bandon estate.  Some years later due to the hue crown attending court the floor collapsey.  Although there weee injuries no fatalities.

 

https://books.google.ie/books?id=fVkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA2-PA25&lpg=RA2-PA25&dq=cork+petty+session+clerks&source=bl&ots=eUN1IjKDx5&sig=d4Ktg_s9R360HiVv8mMyaiFraqY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjmqJjj6ovVAhXEIMAKHSmvAG84ChDoAQgmMAA#v=onepage&q=cork%20petty%20session%20clerks&f=false

 

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Nineteenth-century copy of Aodh MacAingil’s ‘Scáthán Shacramainte na hAithridhe’ or ‘The Mirror of the Sacrament of Penance’ printed at the Irish press in the college of St. Anthony’s, Louvain, in 1618. Aodh Mac Cathmhaoil OFM (Anglicized: Hugh MacCaghwell, 1571-22 Sept. 1626) was an Irish Franciscan theologian and Archbishop of Armagh. He was known by Irish speakers at Louvain by the honorary name Aodh MacAingil



Nineteenth-century copy of Aodh MacAingil’s ‘Scáthán Shacramainte na hAithridhe’ or ‘The Mirror of the Sacrament of Penance’ printed at the Irish press in the college of St. Anthony’s, Louvain, in 1618. Aodh Mac Cathmhaoil OFM (Anglicized: Hugh MacCaghwell, 1571-22 Sept. 1626) was an Irish Franciscan theologian and Archbishop of Armagh. He was known by Irish speakers at Louvain by the honorary name Aodh MacAingil

 

Courtesy Capuchin Archives:

 

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1796.  The Harmful Effects of Peace, Expedition to Bantry Bay No Troops In Action.  Various Accounts of French Invasion.


1796.  The Harmful Effects of Peace, Expedition to Bantry Bay No Troops In Action.  Various Accounts of French Invasion.

 

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https://collage.cityoflondon.gov.uk/zoom-item?i=16229&WINID=1499984065686

 

https://durrushistory.com/2016/09/14/1796-french-invasion-bantry-bay-anchor/

 

https://durrushistory.com/2015/10/16/false-alarm-of-french-invasion-at-bantry-bay-1779/

 

-osullivan-berehaven-on-french-invasion-bantry-bay-2nd-january-1797/

 

https://durrushistory.com/2015/01/05/cartoon-from-bond-street-london-january-1797-on-destruction-of-french-armada-at-bantry-bay/

https://durrushistory.com/2014/12/30/notes-on-the-movement-of-the-french-fleet-in-bantry-bay-and-panic-in-bantry-on-friday-the-23rd-december-1796-the-women-seek-asylum-in-bandon-or-cork-or-to-the-kerry-hills-from-a-contemporaneous-note/

 

https://durrushistory.com/2014/12/30/imagined-landing-of-the-french-in-bantry-bay-1796-from-the-london-printing-and-publishing-company/

 

https://durrushistory.com/2016/02/12/1822-petition-of-joshua-h-cox-manor-house-dunmanway-for-continuance-of-mothers-pension-of-200-mentions-favourable-treatment-of-french-officers-in-1796-petition-of-herbert-hillman-woodbrook-dun/

“Effects of peace”; ten figures in two rows soliloquiz on the blessings of peace. The last, a foppish young officer, alludes to the expeditions of Bantry Bay and Fishguard, in neither of which were troops in action. The intention appears to be to show the harmful effects of peace.

Satirical Print Collection
Artist

Woodward, George Moutard (1760?-1809)~
Engraver

Cruikshank, Isaac (1756/7-1810/11)
Publisher

 

 

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1812. Coach from Cork to Skibbereen, Leaves Burchill’s Bush Tavern, George’s St. (Washington St.) 6 am Arriving Skibbereen 6 pm via Innishanon, Bandon, Clonakilty, Rosscarbery.  Reaching Skibbereen 6pm.


https://www.google.ie/maps/@51.5662801,-9.2861651,14z

 

1812. Coach from Cork to Skibbereen, Leaves Burchill’s Bush Tavern, George’s St. (Washington St.) 6 am Arriving Skibbereen 6 pm via Innishanon, Bandon, Clonakilty, Rosscarbery.  Reaching  Skibbereen 6pm.

Burchills Tavern suggests a link to the west by name.  Many of the name are in Crookhaven.

At this period the road improvements to the west had started to kick in.  Further roads to Crookhaven and further west on the Beara Peninsula would be another 20 years.  Indeed work still need to be done

1843 Coach Certificates:

 

https://books.google.ie/books?id=fVkSAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA2-PA25&lpg=RA2-PA25&dq=cork+petty+session+clerks&source=bl&ots=eUN1IjKDx5&sig=d4Ktg_s9R360HiVv8mMyaiFraqY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjmqJjj6ovVAhXEIMAKHSmvAG84ChDoAQgmMAA#v=onepage&q=cork&f=false

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https://durrushistory.com/2017/03/21/1843-mail-and-day-coach-timetable-and-fares-from-cork-to-bandon-clonakilty-bantry-enniskeane-macroom-skibbereen-sample-coach-leaves-bantry-8-15-am-cork-3-15-pm-fare-14-shillings-inside-10/

https://durrushistory.com/2016/06/16/late-19th-century-coach-service-dunmanway-to-glengariff-run-by-andrew-brophy-later-taken-over-by-vickery-of-bantry/

https://durrushistory.com/2016/04/13/1829-thomas-j-hungerfords-cork-and-skibbereen-union-coach/

 

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/8993

https://durrushistory.com/2017/03/26/1729-turnpike-trust-1822-cork-skibbereen-and-kinsale-turnpike-toll-road-tolled-to-1843-1839-funding-by-commissioner-of-public-works-loan-to-trustees-of-cork-skibbereen-and-kinsale-turnpike/

20170711_142847

20170711_142957

 

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1812.  Cork.  Rates of Tax on Hearts and Windows, Greyhounds at £1 per annum, Miscellaneous Dogs (Hounds, Pointers, Setting Dog, Spaniel, Lurcher, Terrier), at 10 shillings, Male Servants. Lodgers, Horses, Geldings, Mares, Mules,  Carriages, Coaches, Berlins, Chariots, Galashes with 4 Wheels and Two Horse Carriages with 2 Wheels. Michael Sullivan/O’Sullivan, Hurrig Sept of O’Sullivans, Bantry, Heart Tax Collector, Alleged Descendant of O’Sullivan Bere.


 

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1812.  Cork.  Rates of Tax on Hearts and Windows, Greyhounds at £1 per annum, Miscellaneous Dogs (Hounds, Pointers, Setting Dog, Spaniel, Lurcher, Terrier), at 10 shillings, Male Servants. Lodgers, Horses, Geldings, Mares, Mules,  Carriages, Coaches, Berlins, Chariots, Galashes with 4 Wheels and Two Horse Carriages with 2 Wheels. Michael Sullivan/O’Sullivan, Hurrig, Bantry, Heart Tax Collector, Alleged Descendant of O’Sullivan Bere.

 

The heart tax records of the 18th century were kept in rolls.  Not only did they record by townland those who paid but those exempt by virue of not having windows or hearths.  The vast bulk were destroyed in the Public Record Office in 1922.

The Grand Jury Records for Cork from the 1820s show Cess Tax collection by Baronial Constables.  It is not clear if this replaced the heart and miscellaneous tax.  Cork Grand Jury:

 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1uGCxYYvCGNEbpzypv-6tdTnz78HsuF_YJELLh9ezWvM/edit

 

 

 

The high rate of duty on greyhounds may suggest their status.  roman Empire records refer to exports of greyhounds from Ireland.  In Durrus the O’Donovan landlord family were involved in dogs, maintaining kennels. In the correspondence between Dr. John O’Donovan, (Graves Collection, Royal Irish Academy) the antiquarian and Timothy O’Donovan, Magistrate the merits of the Irish greyhound are debated.  Some years later across Dunmanus  Bay, an Evanson descendant Morris of Ardgoena House ran coursing.

 

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Michael Sullivan (sometimes he signed as O’Sullivan)various;y described as heart tax collector with significant property interests.  A Catholic strictly speaking he could not be a heart tax collector perhaps had a Protestant nominee.  for the probably later cess tax the baronial Constables for Bantry adn Bere were also O’Sullivans.  Through his 1777 marriage to Mary Vickery of Whiddy Island there is an enormous world wide family.

https://durrushistory.com/2016/01/17/a-good-sheltry-farm-gone-to-forestry-upper-tedagh-durrusbantryhomeplace-of-sullivanosullivan-family-hurrigs-some-claim-descent-from-osullivan-bere-from-1777-marriage-of-michael-sullivan-wi-2/

https://durrushistory.com/2015/09/05/robert-sullivanosullivan-esq-tedagh-parish-of-durrus-bantry-to-new-orleans-1845/

Hearth Tax Collection

From 1662 to end of the 18th century. It was levied half yearly by the Sheriff of each county on the basis of lists of the names of householders compiled by local Magistrates.

The list of the households required to pay the Hearth Tax became known as the Hearth Money Rolls, which were arranged by county, barony, parish, and townland. The tax was sometimes collected over an area known as a ‘walk’, which was based on both the town and a large rural area outside the town.

Several attempts were made in Parliament to abolish or at least limit the proportion of households obliged to pay the tax, which was widely regarded as “a shameful infliction upon the poor peasant, to whom even two or three shillings in the year for such a tax was a burden and a wrong”.

Major reform of the hearth tax was finally carried out in 1793 whereby one-hearth households with less than £10 in personal property, or with houses and land worth £5 or less, were henceforth deemed exempt from the tax. The measure was apparently a consequence of parliamentary pressure in the previous session; the modification of the window tax in Britain giving total relief to poorer householders had led to calls in the Irish Parliament for similar “liberality” in the light of Ireland’s healthy finances. The Chancellor of the Exchequer (William Pitt) had refused, but a parliamentary committee was established under the de facto chairmanship of Mr G.P. Bushe who successfully proposed that one-hearth householders should be divided into two groups: those above and those below £5 in annual valuation. Subsequently, in 1795, freedom from hearth tax was extended to all one-hearth householders, as the opposition had earlier demanded; at the same time the tax on multiple-hearth houses was raised.[9][11] The number of persons exempted from the hearth tax was estimated at between a million and a half to two million.[12]

The original Hearth Money Rolls are not extant. The records were housed in the Four Courts in Dublin, the repository for the Public Records Office, but during the Irish Civil War in 1922 the building was destroyed by fire, which also destroyed the Rolls (along with the Irish census records for 1821, 1831, 1841, and 1851), but copies of some of the Rolls have survived.

 

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