1940 Local Security and Parish Committees, Adrigole, Ballinspittle, Ballinadee, Bandon, Dunmanway, Durrus and Kilcrohane , Rathmore (Co. Kerry), Dunmanway, Timoleague, Muintir-na-Tire. A collection of newspaper extracts showing rationing, shortages, and coping during the Emergency.


1940 Local Security and Parish Committees, Adrigole, Ballinspittle, Ballinadee, Bandon, Dunmanway, Durrus and Kilcrohane, Rathmore (Co. Kerry), Dunmanway, Timoleague, Muintir-na-Tire

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ZCLt0ng371E9jCHCmueEB8zEeqI_S-lVN3Vs5Kp4KP4/edit

A collection of newspaper extracts showing rationing, shortages, and coping during the Emergency.

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Éamon de Valera was probably correct when he said no one died of starvation in Ireland during the was unlike many part of Europe.

Alexis de Tocqueville 1835. On Irish Assizes, Grand Juries, Magistrates. 1834 West Cork Baronial Cess Payer Representatives.


Alexis de Tocqueville 1835 On Irish Assizes, Grand Juries, Magistrates.  1834 West Cork Baronial Cess Payer Representatives.

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Remains of Protestant Denomination in Cork

A frequent narrative is the imposition of a server yok by Irish protestanr on the Catholic who vastly outnumber them.  In the Case of Cork city he says that in 1835 there were 80,000 Catholics out of a population of 107,000.  All the officers of the Corporation are Protestants.

The Corporation names the Sheriff who names the Grand Jury in which there were only two Catholics on the Grand Jury.

In the County the Sheriff is obliged to select two jurors from each Barony.

The session of the Grand Jury was in public, a recent innovation that had the effect of reducing presentment of little public interest but favouring Landlords.

Another change he did not mention was setting up a panel of Cess players for each Barony who would be involved in the quarterly presentation to approve local works.  Those approved would then go to the Grand Jury for approval.  Those on the panel would typically be large Catholic and Protestatn farmers.

It is reported to him that in the entire country there is no Catholic Judge.

Informers

He makes frequent reference  to the Criminal Assized he attends at the frequent use of informers.  As a lawyer he objects as it saves a guilty man and provides a premium for false testimony.

In criminal cases in contrast to France he is amazed at the rapidity of trials.  The same man is often induced by the Grand Jury, found guilty by the Petty Jury and Condemned by the Judge in the course of an hour.

He also refers to the Court allowing policemen to tell the court of admission made to them by the accused.

Rich Catholics

There are a number of references to the Penal Laws excluding Catholic from owning property until 1782.  He frequently mentions that this has resulted in ambitious Catholic amassing vast fortunes.  In some rence tcse thy enter the land market and as Landlord seem as bad as the Protestants

Education

He makes a number of references to the thirst for education among the poorest of the poor

Cess Payers.

1834. NAMES and PLACES of RESIDENCE of the CESS PAYERS nominated by the County Grand Jury at the last Assizes, to be associated with the Magistrates at Special Road Sessions to be holden in and for the several Baronies within the County, preparatory to the next Assizes, pursuant to Act 3 and 4 Wm. 4, ch. 78.

Barony of BereJohn O’Sullivan CameatringaneDavid Kinnigan, BawnEdward Puxley, Oaklodge
James Downing, CastletownDaniel  Sullivan, DramguivenRoger O’Sullivan, SeapointJohn Harrington, KillmacowenTimothy O’Sullivan, Connahanavoe
Richard Martin, CloneeJohn Harrington, GrenaneTimothy O’Sullivan, CastletownWilliam Murphy, Inchintaglin, AdrigoleWilliam Trenwith, Droumdir
Timothy O’Sullivan, Castletown

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Barony of BantryWilliam O’Sullivan Carriganass, KealkilMichael Sullivan, DroumlickeerueJohn O’Connell, BantryRichard Levis, Rooska
William Pearson, Droumclough, BantryDaniel O’Sullivan, ReedoneganJeremiah O’Sullivan, DroumadureenJohn Cotter, Lisheens, BallylickeyJames Vickery, Mullagh, Bantry
Rev. Henry Sadler, The GlebeJohn Godson, BantryRichard Pattison, Cappanabowl, BantryJohn Kingston, BantrySamuel Vickery, Franchagh (Franahana), Whiddy Island
William Pearson, Cahirdaniel, BantryRobert Vickery, Dunbittern, BantryDaniel Mellifont, DonemarkJohn Hamilton White, DroumbroeSamuel Daly, Droumkeal
John S. Bird, BantryWilliam Warren (Warner) ReendesertWilliam Vickery, RooskaDenis Lehane, TrenmadryJohn Brien Corkery, Bantry

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Barony of East Division West Carbery Rev. John Wright, KillinahGibbs Ross, Smorane, SkibbereenAlexander McCarthy, LaherdalyPhilip Somerville, Union Hall
John Swanton, KillinaghGeorge Long, Paddock, SkibbereenPhilip Attridge, CarrigfadaJohn Sweetnam, Clover Hill, SkibbereenRobert Evans, Ardraly, Skibbereen
George Beamish, Lakemount, SkibbereenRichard Swanton, Hollyhill, Aughadown, SkibbereenNathaniel Lannon (Lannin), Gortnaclohy, SkibbereenHenry Newman, Gurtnamuckla, CaheraghHenry Right (Wright?), Skibbereen
Hugh Jagoe, LahinaArthur Attridge, RiverviewFrancis Beamish, SkibbereenRobert Ellis, CarrihalicccaWilliam Young, Letter Scanlan, Skibbereen
William Louth, Glandore HouseJohn Levis, LeighluinnGeorge Evans, Drimindad, William Taylor, Drimindah

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Barony of West Division West Carbery Thomas Roberts, QuolahRobert Swanton, Ratruane, SchullAlexander O’Driscoll, Gurtnascrena, DrimoleagueAlexander Evans, Lisangle, Caheragh
Philip Somerville, Maulavodera, BallyehobCharles Dukelow, DurrusWilliam C. Browne, CroweWilliam Long, Greenmount, BallydehobRichard Swanton, Ratruane, Ballydehob
Rev. Edward Alcock, Clashadoo Glebe, DurrusMurty Houlahane, Clahane, CaheraghGeorge Vickery Inchegerig, CaheraghWilliam Vickery, Ballycomane, DurrusJames McCarthy, Ballydevlin, Goleen
James Swanton, Marsh, SkibbereenTimothy O’Donovan, O’Donovan’s Cove, DurrusAndrew Caverly, Ardentenant, SchullWilliam Newman, Woodlands, SchullJoseph Wolfe, Ballycumisk, Schull

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1834.  Cess Payers

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John Sandy Bird.  Cess payer representative. North St., Bantry.  Signed 1833 Memorial to departing CAPTAIN JONES, LATE IN COMMAND OF A DETACHMENT OF THE 69TH REGT., STATIONED AT Bantry.  1838 Address to John S. Bird, on Retiring as Treasurer of Bantry Dispensary he owned the premises from which it operated, report later scathing on operation of dispensary.   

John Brian Corkery, farmer, businessman, Snave, Bantry, 1825 subscriber to Father Quin, Durrus church building.  In multiple deeds as witness 1820s.  Mr. Corkerry and Mr. O’ Connell – two prominent merchants of the eighteenth century? I wonder where they were? It might have been somewhere about the Mills by the Quays as they are commented on as having big businesses on the way into town by an antiquarian travel writer.  Cess payer representative 1834.   Lewis comments on his large stores. Voting for Daniel O’Connell as £50 leaseholder 1841 Cork Election.  1841 unable to attend business transferred several properties in trust to John Barry, Bantry and Rev. Christopher Freeman for the benefit of his wife Anne and daughter Margaret and sons Patrick and Daniel.

John Cotter, Lisheens, Ballylickey, tithe applotments 60 and 67 acres, £70. 1832 Grand Jury contractor.  1841 Cork election tendered for Consevative candidates Leader and Longfield objected to but allowed.

Samuel Daly/Dealy, Droumkeal.  Cess payer representative, Vote in 1841 election based on £10 freehold at Droumkeal for Longfield and leader.  No related to Kilcrohane Dalys possibly a branch of influential Daly /Gore family of Dunsandle east Galway.  May be brother of Mary Dealy who married William Hutchinson 1814 of Durrus Landlord family. Extended family, Royal Navy,  timber merchants on return boast of St. Johns, New Brunswick emigrants from Bantry.  Family members in St. Johns Customs service and fishery protection.  Juror Bantry Quarter Sessions 1863.

James Downing, Castletown. Cess payer representative, subscriber Bere Island Catholic Church 1843

Charles Dukelow, Carrigboy (Durrus). Father Quin’s (PP Durrus) application for national School, 16th November 1830 ED1/13/74/2, signed by for Roman Catholics Richard O’Donovan, Timothy O’Donovan, Richard Tobin, Edmond Tobin, Daniel Daly, Richard O’Donovan, John Murphy, John Carthy, Thomas Cormack?, Elias Roycroft, Andrew Caverly, Richard Caverly, Protestants E. Evanson, Richard L. Blair, Thomas Ferguson (Clashadoo), Thomas Duklow (Clashadoo), Charles Ducklow, John Ducklow. Rev Alcock of the Church of Ireland was asked to consent but declined but his parishioners signed. He is listed as a Cess Payer for the Barony of West Carbery in 1834 with other locals including Rev. Edward Alcock of Clashadoo and William Vickery of Ballycomane.  This nomination was by the County Grand Jury to sit with Magistrates on road presentments.  Probably the Charles Dukelow listed tithe applotments 1830 for Rusheenaniska one of the largest farms in the district.

Alexander Evans, Lisangle, Caheragh, Cess payer representative,

John Godson, Newtown. Cess payer representative.  In 1749 Richard White leased 4 gneeves to an ancestor John Godson at Brennybeg, Kealkil.  Extended family included Fergusons of Durrus, Cripps of Dunmanway. Tithe applotments 17 acres £25 and Bantry properties.  Juror Bantry Quarter Sessions 1863.

John Harrington, Killmacowen, Beara, Cess payer representative, may be 1841 election Cork, Shandrum, Bantry tendered for O’Connell and Roche allowed.

John KIngston, Cess payer representative, Juror Bantry Quarter Sessions 1863.

Richard Levis (Lavers), Rooska, cess payer rep. May be the same 1801. Avis Notter, spinster, Crookhaven, leases to Richard Lavers (Levis), Clonee, 8 Gneeves at West Clonee, Kealties, Esknabreena (North West Brahalish) and Oghtergliny? For 21 years. Witnesses John Warner, Gent, Bantry, Samuel Helen, Gent, Bantry Witness 1809 deed as Gent. Levis/Jogoe/Long. 1823 William Pearson, also cess payer rep. witness in assignment of rent charge by Richard Levis, Rooska.  1823 assigned rent charge over Rooska lands to cover debt to Barnaby Deane, Dunmanway.  1824 leased 10 gneeves at Rooska from Simon White witness, William Pearson, Gent., Dromclough.  1830 tithe applotments fist lot 54 acres, £50, 2nd lot 18 acres £22.  Donor 1826 Catholic Churches Durrus.

Denis Lehane, Trenmadry, Cess payer representative.  1841 election named as Denis Linehan, £20 freeholder, Trenamadaree, voted for O’Connell and Roche.

Richard Martin, Clonee (Cluin, Adrigole?), Cess payer representative. 17th of August 1817 Richard son of Richard Martin and Grace his wife was baptised sponsors Edward Puxley Esq., Captain John Reed of the Mines and Anne Bawden.  1819  Lovetray daughter of Richard Martin and Grace his wife sponsors Edward Puxley, Bess Puxley and Fanny Puxley.  Sarah Jane, daughter of John and Margaret Grimston born April 10th 1846, baptised April 22nd 1846 publically, sponsors, Richard Martin, Bessy Sugrue, Annie Phillips, Thomas O’Grady, Rector, A. Hallowell, curate.  Probably related to Captain Martin of Allihies Mines.

James McCarthy, Ballydevlin, Goleen.   Cess payer representative.  May be joint Commissioner to assess tithes in Parish of Kilmoe with Florence McCarthy, £500 undivided and payable to Rev. Francis Langford, Rector.

David Mellifont, Cess payer representative, first drawn, family of Norman origin Kinsale some conform, middle men on Kenmare estate, later attorney Dunmanway.  Related to Galway family  who are agents to Kenmare Estate.

William Murphy, Adrigole, Cess payer representative, Vote in 1841 election based on £20 freehold at Kilcaskin, Inchintaglin and Dromlane.  The name appears 1856 as a Grand Jury Contractor.

John O’Connell. Cess payer representative, 1834, Grand Jury,  New Annual Contract: Patrick O’Sullivan, Earl of Bantry, Simon White, John O’Connell to keep in repair for three years, road from Bantry to Castletown between post office at Castletown and Droumgoulane bridge, £90 annually. Signed 1833 Memorial to departing CAPTAIN JONES, LATE IN COMMAND OF A DETACHMENT OF THE 69TH REGT., STATIONED AT Bantry   

Daniel O’Sullivan Esq., Reendonegan.  1822 Pigott, Gent. Cess payer representative, Pigot 1824. Paid up Bantry Member Catholic Association 1825. In 1794 Timothy O’Donovan. A Landlord  of the Ardahill, Kilcrohane, branch was born and married Mary daughter of Daniel O’Sullivan of Reendonegan House, Bantry and Hanora O’Connell.   She was the aunt of Daniel O’Connell who secured Catholic Emancipation in 1828.  Signed 1833 Memorial to departing CAPTAIN JONES, LATE IN COMMAND OF A DETACHMENT OF THE 69TH REGT., STATIONED AT Bantry.  Cess payer representative, Barony of Beara 1834.  Vote in 1841 election based on £50 freehold at Farrannamagh, Kilcrohane.

Jeremiah O’Sullivan, Droumadureen. Cess payer representative. Signed 1833Memorial to departing CAPTAIN JONES, LATE IN COMMAND OF A DETACHMENT OF THE 69TH REGT., STATIONED AT Bantry   

John O’Sullivan, Cametringane, Berehaven.  Cess payer representative, attending Great Meeting re Poor Law in 1840, Bantry.  Married 1833 Mary Ann only daughter of Herbert Baldwin.  Father of Herbert Baldwin O’Sullivan, JP 1863, Clonilla House, Macroom.  Possible brother of Patrick O’Sullivan, Millcove, Seneschal to Lord Bantry.

Roger O’Sullivan Cess payer representative.  1827 Commissioner with John Lavellan Puxley to determine tithes of parish of Kilnamanagh.  Associate of Patrick O’Sullivan whose evidence to a Parliamentary Enquiry into the Cork election and its widespread violence of 1841 comes across as a Chieftain of his area. Usually he brought tenants and middlemen to Cork via Bantry  in his sloop. Except for Roger O’Sullivan and Symms both Protestants who was married to a Sullivan they were Catholic and normally would have voted for the Liberal/O’Connell interest. However they all voted Conservative Longfield/Leader, the suggestion in the questioning that he had used undue influence to please Lord Bantry which he rejected.  KILACONENAGH – Lewis’ Topographical Dictionary 1837 –  a parish, in the barony of BERE. The principal seats include  Sea-point, of R. O’Sullivan, Esq.

William O’Sullivan Esq., Carriganass Castle.

Gave evidence to 1844 Commission Law and practice in respect to the occupation of land in Ireland. Witnesses at Bantry (Rev Christopher Freeman Curate, Richard White Esq. Landlord, Michael Murphy Miller Middleman Donemark, William Neale, Rev. Somers Payne, Land Agent,  John O’Connell Esq., Rev. Thomas Barry Parish Priest, Samuel Hutchins Esq. Landlord, Alexander Donovan, Patrick Tobin Farmer Gortavallig Kilcrohane, Timothy Connor, Cornelius Connor, Cornelius Henry Donovan, into Her Majesty’s Commissioners into The Law and Practice of Occupation of Land in Ireland.

Lease of Ahiel where he was born and in the family for 100 years from Lord Kenmare not renewed in 1840.  Has 500 to 600 acres employs a great number of men. 

William O’Sullivan, Esq., Carriganass Castle, native Ahill.  Game Certificate 1802. 1804 Extract from deed: Partial assignment by Eugene Sullivan, Ballhadown, Caheragh to William Sullivan, Gent., Ahill, (Later Carriganass Castle), of 6 Gneeves of North Sheehy, among lives Daniel Roycroft, aged 7 son of Richard Roycroft, Rooska.

Purchased Carriganass from David Mellifont, Donemark in 1817 for £250 and £50 rent previously had been tenant with Maurice Flynn. Hamilton White had left, in his will, cash sums to Richard Blair Esq., Galway (nephew from Blairs Cove, Durrus), who had received various lands in lieu. By this deed Blair assigned these lands to William O’Sullivan, Carriganass in 1822.  1825 took assignment from Godwin Young, hatter Cork (from Bantry) of debt owing 1807, judgement, by Simon White, Glengarriff Castle.  

Has 500-600 acres from Kenmare Estate. Subscriber 1832 Bantry poor Relief. Decried by Assistant Magistrate for rapacious behaviour toward tenants ‘God help the tenants of the Country with Such landlords’. Enduring bad feeling with McCarthy Downing Skibbereen Solicitor.  Accused of being agent to Sir William Draper.  Son William Junior probably TCD admissions 1834, aged 16 educated Dr. Hamblin, Cork, William called to the Bar 1844.  Signed Testimonial to Resident Magistrate, John Gore Jones, Bantry, 1844.  In 1848 seizing cattle at Scart, Bantry for alleged overdue rent to his father with Daniel, John and Cornelius Manning and Eugene and Stephen Sullivan he was imprisoned for 3 months and fined £20 for assault.  Son, William, Barrister,  made a Magistrate 1850 on recommendation of Earl of Bandon superseded after two days.  Prosecuted in Cork for criminal libel.   Daughter married Barrett who took over the estate.  According to John Windle he contemplated the restoration of Carriganass Castle.  Brother Jeremiah in Brennymore, Kealkil his daughter married Portuguese Captain Jose Biaia later resident in Kealkil. 1854 large farm at Kilcrea with quarry to let apply William O’Sullivan or Daniel O’Sullivan, Church St., Cork.  Complained that in 1840 his lease of Ards (2 very large farms 3 miles inland) was not renewed by Lord Kenmare. This lease commences in 1756 between William Sullivan, an attorney who married the daughter of Rev. Schofield who had the lands.  The lives in a lease for three lives of Richard Cox, son of the Archbishop of Cashel, and Richard and George sons of Sir Richard Cox of Dunmanway at a rent of £52.  Grandson  QUILL, Albert William, in occupation pre 1908.  He has dealings with Eugene O’Sullivan, of Ballaghadown Caheragh, a Protestant, Church Warden, Drimoleague and who sells an interest in Caha lands rented from Shouldham Estate. There may be a relationship as William O’Sullivan acquired part of Hutchinson’s lands at Durrus it is likely that Hugh Hutchinson who died young 1804 wife Margaret O’Sullivan was a sister of Eugene O’Sullivan.

William Pearson, Droumclough, Cess payer representative. 1823 witness in assignment of rent charge by Richard Levis, Rooska, also cess payer rep. 1824. Rent charge granted to him by Simon White, Gent. over lands at Droumclough, Bantry tenant William Pearson, consented to assignment of this by White to Godwin Young, hatter, Cork.  Richard Levis (Lavers), Rooska, cess payer rep. 1824 leased 10 gneeves at Rooska from Simon White witness, William Pearson, Gent., Dromclough.  Possible church warden, Bantry, 1827.  1829, Kilmacanogue Tithe Applotment (Partial) Index, 20th Sept., 1829, Wm. Pearson & Jeremiah Donovan, Commissioner. 1830 at Dromclough in tithe applotments has 110 acres value £120. 1833 thanks to Captain Jones.  Tithe Aplotter, Durrus and Kilcrohane had to swear he had property worth at least £1,000 sworn before Timothy O’Donovan, Magistrate, O’Donovan’s Cove, Durrus.

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1829 joint valuer with Jeremiah Donovan of those rectorial tithes at Kilmocomoge to which Rev. Henry Sadlier was entitled £625 and Alexander O’Driscoll Esq., £475 was entitled.   1831 joint valuer with Jeremiah Donovan of those tithes at Kilmocomoge to which Nathaniel Evanson  Esq., Durrus was entitled to mostly on Hutchinson Estate.  1832 Grand Jury contractor. 

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William Pearson, Cahirdaniel, Bantry, Cess payer representative,

Edward Puxley, (1756-1840), Oaklodge, Castletownbere, subscriber Lewis 1837. Cess payer representative,  Lloyd’s agent 1837.  1824, James son of Mark Reed and his wife of Allihies Mine sponsors Edward Puxley, Captain John Reed and his wife.  1835 Francis Spring, Commissioner to applott tithes in the parish of Killocanenagh certified Composition of £200 to Edwad Puxley, Esq, lessee of impropriator.1840, 10 January buried 13th Mr. Edward Puxley of Oak Lodge aged 84 years.

Rev. Edward Sadlier, Henry Sadler, 1791, may be father of Richard, TCD, 1796, aged 16 father merchant.  May be Rev. Henry Sadlier, Rector Bantry.   Richard Hull Son Richard Edward, died 1836 at the Glebe, Bantry of Rev. Henry Sadlier.  Listed supporter of Act of Union, 1799. William Pearson 1829 joint valuer with Jeremiah Donovan of those rectorial tithes at Kilmocomoge to which Rev. Henry Sadlier was entitled £625 and Alexander O’Driscoll Esq., £475 was entitled.  1834 Cess payer representative, barony of Bantry.  Ran educational academy.  Signed 1833 Memorial to departing CAPTAIN JONES, LATE IN COMMAND OF A DETACHMENT OF THE 69TH REGT., STATIONED AT Bantry. 

William Trenwith, Cess payer representative, probably of Faha may be man alleged to have had 23 daughters.  Family appears in 1659 census at Gurteen, Thomas Trenwith though a Protestant allied to O’Sullivan against Puxleys in 1732 proclaimed an outlaw £100 offered for his capture.  Middlemen of White and possibly Kenmare Estate.  Of  extended family Richard a butter buyer/inspector and property owner in Cork, Emanuel, linen draper Cork.  Intermarried with Helens, pawnbrokers of Bantry and Cork, O’Sullivans of Tedagh, O’Sullivans of Beara, Wards of Moulivard, Durrus among others.  1831 surety for Robert Clarke, postmaster, Bantry with Young Lavers (Levis)

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James Vickery (1760-1842), Mollock, Parish of Durrus, Cess payer representative.  According to family lore a wild man in is early years converted and became a leading light in Methodism in Bantry.  Married 1790, Ellen Warner, Upper Gurteen,  (1776-1837), described as ‘Gent’. in marriage settlement The Methodist preacher Rev John Rogers stayed with James in Rooska in July 1803 coming from Gorey and preached there and the next day in Bantry. At Dunbittern at William Vickery’s ‘there were no people to hear’ and he then preached twice and spent the night in John Skuce from his unpublished diaries M.E. Haskins. Looked after his grandson and his sister 1830s where their parents died of cholera in Skibbereen.  His grandson James Stanley Vickery (1829-1911) became a successful businessman in Australia and wrote a memoir of his time with his grandparents.  His son in law Samuel Levis, a cess payer representative, tithe proctor, Baronia Constable successful businessman Skibbereen, Glenview.

William Vickery, Rooska, Cess payer representative, freehold 1829 – APPLICATIONS FOR THE REGISTERING OF FREEHOLDS BARONY OF BANTRY,

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Buried Garryvucha, Bantry.

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Robert Vickery, tithe aplottmens 48 aces, £41.

Samuel Vickery, Moved 1840 to Reendesert, emigrated 1850 with most of his family to Evnsville, Indiana, USA.  His son Samuel reminiscences.

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William Vickery, Franchagh, Whiddy Island, Cess payer representative. Tithe applotment 50 acres, £32. 

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William Warren (Warner) Reendesert, tithe applotments 20 acres, £20.  John and William Warner repairing bridge on road from Bantry to Macroom, £25, Grand Jury.

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William Warner, Reendesrert, 20 shillings, freehold 1829 – APPLICATIONS FOR THE REGISTERING OF FREEHOLDS BARONY OF BANTRY,  1841 election tendered for Longfield and Leader as £20 freeholder.

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1834

Beare

Renmeen (Glengariff) Sessions for Barony of Bere

Cess payers:

Daniel Sullivan, first drawn

William Murphy

Collector of Baronial Cess:

Patrick O’Sullivan, sureties, Jeremiah O’Sullivan, Denis O’Sullivan.  Paid premiums for collecting county cess on last assizes £20.

1834 Bantry: Presentment Sessions  for Barony of Bantry:

Cess Payers:

David Mellifont, first drawn, family of Norman origin Kinsale some conform, middle men on Kenmare estate, later attorney Dunmanway.  Related to Galway family  who are agent to Kenmare Estate.

1834 Collector of Public Cess:

Patrick O’Sullivan, Collector of Public Cess (dismissed amid allegations of fraud c 1842), sureties Daniel F. Leahy and  Rev. Somers Payne.  Premium on collection of Cess since last Assizes,  (half year), £21.

Same as Barony of Bere.  Patrick O’Sullivan, Collector of Public Cess (dismissed amid allegations of fraud c 1842), sureties Daniel F. Leahy and  Denis O’Sullivan.  Premium on collection of Cess since last Assizes,  (half year), £33.

1838

Kinsale: Presentment Sessions  for Barony of Kinsale:

Cess Payers:

John Walton (Selected)

Michael Hannon

Owen Collins

Florence Mahony

Hugh Greene

John Cummins

Patrick Crowley

Edward Holton

George Newman

Collector of Public Cess:

Samuel Heard, Collector of Public Cess, sureties John G. Daunt and  Robert Lander.  Premium on collection of Cess since last Assizes,  (half year), £23.

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WEST RIDING

Reenmeen (Glengariff): Presentment Sessions  for Barony of Beer (as spelled):

Adjourned to Bantry

Cess Payers:

William Murphy, (Selected)

Michael Lynch

John Blake

John Shea

John Greene

Collector of Public Cess:

Patrick O’Sullivan, Collector of Public Cess, sureties Daniel F. Leahy and  Denis O’Sullivan.  Premium on collection of Cess since last Assizes,  (half year), £22.

Bantry: Presentment Sessions  for Barony of Bantry:

Cess Payers:

William Pearson, (Selected)

Jeremiah Donovan

Daniel Cronin

John Spillane

John Cotter

Timothy B. Minihane

Simon Callanan

James Wiseman

Richard Lavers (Levis)

James Connor

Jeremiah Kelly

Thomas Clarke

Collector of Public Cess:

Same as Barony of Bere.  Patrick O’Sullivan, Collector of Public Cess, sureties Daniel F. Leahy and  Denis O’Sullivan.  Premium on collection of Cess since last Assizes,  (half year), £33.

Clonakilty: Presentment Sessions  for East Division East Barony of Carbery:

Cess Payers:

Major Scott, (Selected)

John Harris

Abraham Bennett

Richard Wheeler

William Stanley

John Beechinor

John Treselian

Collector of Public Cess:

John James Moloney, Collector of Public Cess, sureties Albert Callanan M.D. and  Rickard Donovan  Premium on collection of Cess since last Assizes,  (half year), £66.

Clonakilty: Presentment Sessions  for West Division East Barony of Carbery:

Adjourned To Rosscarbery:

Cess Payers:

Herbert Gillman, (Selected)

John Wolfe

Michael Dullea

Daniel Beechinor

William Daunt

Samuel Bateman

William Wood

Thomas Bradfield

George Sealy

Collector of Public Cess:

William Smyth, Collector of Public Cess, sureties William J. Bleazby and  Thomas W. Cahill.  Premium on collection of Cess since last Assizes, (half year), £75.

Skibbereen: Presentment Sessions  for East Division West Barony of Carbery:

Cess Payers:

Alleyn Beamish, (Selected)

Stephen Barry

John Connolly

William Louth

Daniel Minihane

Jeremiah Driscoll

Andrew Harte

Collector of Public Cess:

Samuel Levis, Collector of Public Cess, sureties Thomas Somerville and  Thomas J. Hungerford.  Premium on collection of Cess since last Assizes, (half year), £85.

Ballydehob: Presentment Sessions  for West Division West Barony of Carbery:

Adjourned to Bantry 

Cess Payers:

William Long, (Selected)

William Ross

Collector of Public Cess:

William Swanton, Collector of Public Cess, sureties Samuel Levis (road contractor) and  Gibbs Ross (road contractor).  Premium on collection of Cess since last Assizes, (half year), £65.

Ballinspittle: Presentment Sessions  for Barony of Courceys:

Cess Payers:

James B. Gibbons, (Selected)

Thomas Tresilian

Michael Sullivan

John Dempsey

David Manning

Collector of Public Cess:

Benjamin J. Gillman, Collector of Public Cess, sureties Richard Gillman and  HIll Gillman.  Premium on collection of Cess since last Assizes, (half year), £15.

Timoleague: Presentment Sessions  for Barony of Ibane and Barryroe:

Justices:

Thomas Lucas,  Esq., Chairman

Richard B. Robinson, Esq., 

Nicholas M. Cummins, Junior, Esq.

Cess Payers:

Daniel Gallwey, (Selected)

George Beamish

George Crispie

John Crowley

Maurice White

Michael Hayes

Cornelius Driscoll

Daniel Minihane

Maurice Spillane

John Buttimer

Adjourned to Clonakilty

Collector of Public Cess:

John James Moloney, Collector of Public Cess, sureties Albert Callanan, M.D. and  Rickard Donovan.  Premium on collection of Cess since last Assizes, (half year), £43.

Bandon: Presentment Sessions  for Barony of Kinnalmeaky:

Cess Payers:

Henry Herrick, (Selected)

John Baldwin

John Beamish

George Seymour

William Lamb

Samuel Beamish

Collector of Public Cess:

James Halnan, Collector of Public Cess, Thomas Poole sureties and Jeremiah Halnan  Premium on collection of Cess since last Assizes, (half year), £39.

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Personnel Mentioned.

David Mellifont, Bantry Cess payer.  Had lands at Donemark rented from Kenmare estate. Family of Norman origin Kinsale some conform, middle men on Kenmare estate, later attorney Dunmanway.  Related to Galway family  who are agents to Kenmare Estate.

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In the 18th and 19th century public works were carried out under the presentment system, a list of works was approved by Magistrates sitting twice a year in each Barony and went forward to the Grand Jury at the twice yearly Assizes in Cork.  The funding was by the cess about 12% of rent collected by Baronial Constables who received a proportion of the yield.

In this Barony of Bere if anyone had information of those highlighted I would appreciate feedback By 1830 due to allegations of widespread abuse by landlords the system was modified to include local cess payers were consulted at the Presentment sessions.  So far they have largely been under the radar but they are people of major local influence.  In West Cork they comprise a class of large farmer Cathlic d Protestants  who often have links to the Grand Jury contractors.

Cess Payers.

1834. NAMES and PLACES of RESIDENCE of the CESS PAYERS nominated by the County Grand Jury at the last Assizes, to be associated with the Magistrates at Special Road Sessions to be holden in and for the several Baronies within the County, preparatory to the next Assizes, pursuant to Act 3 and 4 Wm. 4, ch. 78.

Barony of BereJohn O’Sullivan CameatringaneDavid Kinnigan, BawnEdward Puxley, Oaklodge
James Downing, CastletownDaniel  Sullivan, DramguivenRoger O’Sullivan, SeapointJohn Harrington, KillmacowenTimothy O’Sullivan, Connahanavoe
Richard Martin, CloneeJohn Harrington, GrenaneTimothy O’Sullivan, CastletownWilliam Murphy, InchintaaglinWilliam Trenwith, Droumdir
Timothy O’Sullivan, Castletown

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1944 Enormous Funeral Attendance of Miss Theresa/Teresa Abigail Burke, North St., Skibbereen


This listing is a veritable who’s who of West Cork in 1944.

One of her brothers:

Her brother, Barrister, historian, TD:

1853-1        James Michael Burke JP        Barrister, 1900, TD 1933 Cumann na nGaedheal        “Bridge St., 8th son of Patrick  oDaniel Magistrate, University School. Skibbereen, Queen’s College, Brook Scholas, author ‘History of the Carberies’.1935 donor to Vincent de Paul. 1932, attending funeral of Michael Harrington, Merchant, Skibbereen 

”         1905 Funeral of Father O’Hea, Ardfield, Clonakilty.  Member of Blueshirts.   District Council 1914 assentors Timothy Sheehy, J.M. Burke,B.L.  1916 sent a telegram to funeral of Mrs. Mary McCarthy, Clonakilty.        1909 attending the funeral of Dr. William Jennings, J.P.                

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/17BAcBQwMnELiqpkZ__EI_7G5iS53FDYq8FvVEhLNB8c/edit

Partridge Island, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada, Quarantine by Irish Immigrants Fleeing from The Famine, Reenactment


St. Johns, New Brunswick was a favourite destination for Irish emigrants, many soon went south to the USA. In the mid 19th century the USA has a tax on landing immigrants, Canada did notThanks to Marthanne Williamson

https://atlantic.ctvnews.ca/no-man-is-an-island-tells-history-of-partidge-island-on-the-stage-1.5525636

AINT JOHN, N.B. — A play inspired by the history and hardship of Partridge Island is set to soon hit the stage in Saint John, as the Atlantic Repertory Company prepares for its first selection of the season.

The script for the play titled No Man Is An Island is written by local playwright Thomas Hodd and tells the story of the Irish immigrants who landed and quarantined on the island in the mid-19th century.

“Specifically in Black ’47, 1847, during the potato famine in Ireland,” says actor Kenzie Delo. “(That) was sort of the catalyst for a lot of Irish immigrants making their way across the Atlantic to Canada, to America – but the story is very specific to Saint John itself.”

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To give the actors a better idea of what life might have been like on the island for their characters, they recently made their way across through a local tour company.

“You really do get a sense of being shut in on the island. You get to see some of the old foundations, there’s buildings that used to be there, homes that used to be there,” Delo says.

It was an experience that drove home the distance, both literal and figurative, between the mainland and Partridge Island – which is connected to the west side of Saint John by breakwater.

“It would have actually felt like a different world,” says actor Patrick Jeffrey.

“There’s a part of the play where we reference how we can see the mainland from our window, but it feels like a world away.”

The play is being directed by Ron Jenkins and touches on themes that are still relevant today – especially amid a pandemic – isolation, immigration, prejudice, and sacrifice.

“You’re going to relate to every single character,” says actor Caroline Bell.

“There’s empathy for them, they each have a humanity within them – but that’s scary, that’s dangerous when the ideas are so black and white, this or that.”

The play will be staged live from Aug. 4-7 at the Saint John Theatre Company inside the BMO Theatre – and performances will be streamed from Aug. 6-7. 

For more information, including how to buy tickets, go to the Saint John Theatre Company’s website.

Partridge Island Quarantine Station National Historic Site of Canada

https://www.pc.gc.ca/apps/dfhd/page_nhs_eng.aspx?id=191

Extracts from Newspapers Printed in Cork and New Brunswick with a Genealogical Interest.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/33345

Place Names of Prince Edward County, Canada, Rossmore, Shannonville, Relict of 1820s Emigration from Durrus District, West Cork

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/28679

Emigration from the Bandon/Rathclaren area, Co Cork from c 1815 to Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/23349

Irish Links to New Brunswick, Canada, 1843, Repeal Meeting.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/20766

Emigrant ships from West Cork to St. Johns, New Brunswick, 1832-1847\\

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/3305

Letter William J. Dealy, 1798- Shipowner, Bantry, Co. Cork re trade, fishing business to his son in Canada 1840, and the Dealy Brig

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/1922

Working on the Bog. Ian Paisley Saving Turf in Tyrone


Working on the Bog. Ian Paisley Saving Turf in Tyrone

In this interview with Gay Byrne he related how before he embraced the religious life he contemplated going to Agricultural College. To get an idea of what might be involved he stayed with relations of his father in Tyrone. While there they had him out on the bog saving turf.

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About 6 minutes into interview

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\https://durrushistory.com/2013/03/13/ian-paisley-an-irishman-in-barry-island-south-wales-august-1942/

Ian Paisley, an Irishman in Barry Island, South Wales, August 1942.

In Sean Dunne’s book ‘An Irish Anthology’,  Gill and Macmillan, Dublin 1999, there is an excerpt from Ian Paisley’s book ‘What think Ye of Christ’, 1976.

This chapter is ‘Open Air Preaching’ and he describes his period of apprenticeship with Teddy Sherwood who, prior to being a preacher was once the champion welterweight boxing champion of Southern England.  Ian Paisley was asked by him one evening to get into the ring and preach, he was only a lad of 16 and with a bible in hand as best he could he followed the great open air preacher.  Soon he was heckled, and the crowd cried  ‘Answer her question’.  I stopped and I said, ‘What is your question?  She said ‘How do you know there is a Jesus Christ’?  How do you know there is a Jesus Christ?  And Oh, a great shout of derision went up from the ungodly in that crowd.

Here was I, a mere stripling with little experience, faced with a hostile crowd.  I sent a prayer to Heaven.  I said, ‘Lord, give me an answer. Turn this weapon as a boomerang in the face of the devil’.  God gave me the answer.  I said  ‘Young woman, I come from Ireland, and an Irishman always answers a question by asking another. 

Another politician familiar with bogs was Michael Pat Murphy, Labour TD for West Cork. He made his name during the Emergency organise a strike among bog workers at Lognacapall Bog in Caheragh against poor working conditions.\

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It is likely that some Irish Protestants from the northern counties with Scots descent in turn descended from Niall of the NIne Hostages. Some of his descendants the Northern Uí Neill migrated from Ulster the Western Scotland around the 8th century.

Bogs:

The Wildest and Richest Gardens” – West Cork Bog Soak

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/32948

Pre 1965 farming practices West Cork, Red Elephant and Epicure potatoes, working with the grufán, threshing with the steam engine, winnowng of wheat and oats, working in the bog.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/18544

Ancient butter making, Líam English 18th century poet, Miosgan of butter, Bog Butter, 18th century Christian and Pagan incantation on butter making

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/17396

Discovery of Bronze Palstave, c 1.400 BC, Dunbeacon Bog, Durrus, West Cork.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/17164

Covenants in 18th and 19th century Leases re Bogs, Turf, Bog wood as an indicator of Landscapes 2,000 years ago the Bog Commissioners and Proposals to Drain and Grown Flax an Hemp 1805 on.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/11093

1835. Alexis de Tocqueville in West Cork


‘In our open diligence there were two young men both very uproariously drunk. They talk to and made jokes at almost every passerby. All, men and women, answered with laughter and other pleasantries. I thought I was in France.’

Taken from an excellent article by Michael MacCarthy Morrogh, ‘Accents- We had two voices one English one Irish’ New Skibbereen Historical Journal.

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Dear Customer,

I am delighted to inform you that the Skibbereen & District Historical Journal Vol 17 (2021) is now available at Coolim Books for you to order online. Please click on the link for more information.

To view all the editions of the Skibbereen Historical Journal available at Coolim Books please click here

https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt284x3v

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https://www.irishtimes.com/opinion/an-irishman-s-diary-on-alexis-de-tocqueville-and-ireland-in-1835-1.2478679

1887. Monsignor Pesco, Papal Envoy Visit to Bantry to See Baroness of Bantry, (Rosamond Catharine Petre), only Visitor to Him in the Evening John Edward Barrett, J.P., Carriganass Castle, Kealkil


1887. Monsignor Pesco, Papal Envoy Visit to Bantry to See Baroness of Bantry, (Rosamond Catharine Petre), only Visitor to Him in the Evening John Edward Barrett, J.P., Carriganass Castle, Kealkil.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/15tzvYMYqCXphGVREusLi2Col6CP9m_T_nrEPWaluqvQ/edit

https://williamgray101.wordpress.com/2016/08/07/lord-petre-1817-1884

White family:

https://www.ornaverum.org/family/bantry/white.html

Rosamond Catharine Petre MBE
(25 Aug 1857 –
5 Feb 1942)
(m 18 Feb 1886)

daughter of Hon. Edmund George Petre\

Lord Petre 1817 – 1884

https://williamgray101.wordpress.com/2016/08/07/lord-petre-1817-1884/

John Edward Barrett, (1825-1895), 1856, Carriganass Castle, Bantry, Resident, £279, sitting Bantry 1862, wife daughter William O’Sullivans Esq., of Carriganass (Kealkil) who previously occupied Castle. She inherited a major portion of her father’s estate.  Purchased from David Mellifont c 1824. Carrigbui signed the Testimonial to Resident Magistrate, John Gore Jones, Bantry, 1844.  Seeking equality of endowment in Catholic  education 1859. 1862 promoting pier at Bantry John Warren  Payne J.P., George Sheehan P.P., William Young, William Tisdall, Richard Evanson, John E. Barrett J.P.  Member election committee McCarthy Downing, Skibbereen, 1868.  Address to Earl of Bantry 1868.   Present at the opening of Skibbereen Railway, July, 1877. 1882, Tim Healy, M.P., objecting to his appointment as Valuer.  Had been guarded by police for two year never went out unarmed. 1882 Committee Bantry Bay Regatta. 1884 managing the shooting and fishing of the Bantry Estates of the Earl of Kenmare. 1884, signed a  protest against the dismissal of Lord Rossmore,  Head of Orange Order, Monaghan.  In 1886, Father Shinkwin, Parish Priest of Bantry, alleged  that at a meeting of the Cork Defence Union (of Landlords) he vilified clergy in the district. 1887. Monsignor Pesco, Papal Envoy Visit to Bantry to See Baroness of Bantry, (Rosamond Catharine Petre), only Visitor to Him in the Evening John Edward Barrett, J.P., Carriganass Castle, Kealkil Assisted in getting piers built in Muintervara 1888.  James Gilhooly MP alleged he was sitting in Skibbereen Quarter Sessions 1887 outside his district. In 1889 he gave evidence to a Special Commission of boycotting of tenants who took evicted farms of Mr. White a the Earl of Kenmare and suggested as assassination of a witness and Mr. Cornelius Manning. Around 1890 he was praised by Father Kearney, Parish Priest of Durrus, no friend of Landlords. In 1893 Father Kearney gave evidence at the presentments supporting roadworks from Gearahies to Clashadoo to lead to Scart Railway Station.  He said that he knew the area well 30 years before when it consisted of mud cabins on the property managed by Mr Barrett had now been replaced with good quality houses.  Attending the funeral of Mrs Thomas Dillon, Bantry 1892. Listed land owner c 1895.  Probate to  sister Hanoria Harding, Alexandria Place, Cork, £5,073.

1848. Dunmanway Union Listing of Local Landlords who did and did not apply for Relief under the Land Improvement Act and Pauper numbers by non improving Landlords by Townland.


Dunmanway Union Listing of Local Landlords who did and did not apply for Relief under the Land Improvement Act and Pauper numbers by non improving Landlords by Townland.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1T9sa2MF4D3gN1Mek9UBFMBoEZJ_-9FDDpPIHlWkYsOE/edit

Exportation of Paupers, 1850, Three Wretched Boys sent From Dunmanway Workhouse, Co. Cork, to Sleep Rough in London.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/18145

Names of Paupers, Skibbereen 1862, addresses or townlands.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/11350

1827, Sums Allotted by Church of Ireland (Then State Church) Dioceses of Cork, Ross and Cloyne often for Foundlings and Burial of Paupers.

https://wordpress.com/post/durrushistory.com/12920