Bantry Area family of Derrynane, Co. Kerry, O’Connell’s, signature of ‘The Liberator’ Daniel O’Connell, his sister Honoria married Daniel O’Sullivan, Reendonegan, Bantry, their son Daniel, Magistrate, Dominica West Indies, his sister married Naval Officer in Tsar’s Navy. areas mentioned Coolagh, Borlin some names include Donovan, Lucy, Galway, O’Hea-Cussen, Cronin, compiled by Basil Morgan O’Connell, of Lakeview Branch, 1946 he Head of CID, Malaysia.
On the 1st July the Lancaster Gazette carried a report on the Monster Meeting addressed by Daniel O’Connell. Quoting the ‘Cork Examiner ‘, it repeated the reputed number of attendees of 500,000.
Daniel O”Connell arrived heading four stage coaches and a battalion of bands. Parishes from all over West Cork were represented by crowds headed by the respective clergy of each parish.
Among the parishes were,
Bantry, Thomas Barry P.P.
Drimoleague, John Ryan P.P., John Creedon C.C.
Kilmaceba, Joseph Sheehan P.P.
Castlehaven, James Mulcahy P.P., Daniel Freeman C.C., Michael Ross C.C.
Aughadown, Maurice Geary P.P.
Durrus, Richard Quin P.P.
In his address to the crowd Daniel O’Connell stated the it was for the right of every man over 20 years of age having a house, so they would all have a vote except some idle gorsoons (young fellas), without a dwelling and who could not get some honest girl to marry him (cheers and laughter).
The Cullinanes in particular those of Bantry and Skibbereen were probably of old Gaelic stock with an infusion of Protestant Swanton blood. In the earlier references it is not possible to say if this is the Cullinane family due to the variety of spelling variation of Irish names to English.
In the Baronies of the Carberies and Bantry and Bere from the mid 18th century emerged a class of Catholic and Protestant of business families with no connection to the local Landlords or their agents. Through acute business acumen they prospered in a bleak landscape. The Catholic ones from the early 19th century were actively engaged in politics, anti tithe agitation, Rereal, Fenian Activity, the Land League, the Irish Parliamentary party ultimately culminating in independence for the greater part of the Island of Ireland in 1922.
There is little memory now of the Cullinanes; it seems the relations are those of Australia descendants of Jeremaih Cullinane, forced as a political exile to flee his native land from British oppression. He and his family prospered in Australia.
What is contained here is largely newspaper snippets in which it throws light on many aspects of local circumstance such as the emergence of the Catholic Church, political activism than the Cullinanes a s power brokers and their involvement in local administration. They and their allies deposed the Earl of Bantry and his agent the Pauynes as local overlords from the late 19th century.
There are ironies here in 1889 in Mr. Culinane in Bantry places his yacht at the disposal of the distinguished (unidentified) visitor. This visitor was of considerable interest to the authorities of Dublin Castle and he was tailed by the RIC. It shows the wealth of the Cullinanes. Similarly supported the Land League and they were also Landlords.
The Cullinanes were part of ‘The Bantry Gang’ Often used as a term of decision comprising a network of individuals and families from or with associations from the greater Bantry area. Tim Healy’s position was not helped by constant derision in the works of James Joyce for his perceived part in the downfall of Charles Stewart Parnell The Cullinanes were related by marriage and close to William Martin Murphy. Perhaps one of Ireland’s greatest businessmen. He had the misfortune to be in charge of the employer federation during the infamous 1913 lockout. Since then a cottage industry has grown up to discredit him.
The Cullinanes of Clonakilty, Skibbereen, Bantry, Gympie, Queensland, Australia. Jeremiah and Patrick Cullinane Associates of Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa.
Introduction, p, 7
Australian Cousins, p, 8
Swanton ancestry, p. 11
Cullinane Magistrates, p., 11
]1895 dearth Charles Cullinane, Bantry, p.12
1900 Death J. Cullinane Bantry, p. 13
1935 funeral of JOhn G.Cullinane, Clonakilty, p. 15
1414. Treatise on Medicine translated by John O’Cullinane physician to Donal McCarthy Reagh and his tutor Pierce Ó h-Uallacháin, begun at Kilbrittain Castle 1414.,
1560s. Fiants of Queen Elizabeth 1 of England with West Cork References Multiple Pardons (McCarthys. O’Driscolls/Crowleys/O’Crowleys/Dalys/O’Mahonys/O’Cullanes/Collins for ‘Rebels’. The format of the surnames is different to that now used. Might be Cullinane.p.19
1585. Earliest representation of West Cork person, 1585, Catherine Cullinane, Ballynacarriga (Townland of the Stones) Castle, Dunmanway., p.19
Kinsale (St. Multose) Register 1692, p.19
1691 Convert Rolls, p.19
Dorothy Callanan 1752 Creagh Ross Dr Casey has a Dorothy Cullinane marrying Daniel Pearse 1752 name different but more associated with Creagh then Callanan, p.19
Margarett Holmes Will 1732 and other wills, p.19
1414. Treatise on Medicine translated by John O’Cullinane physician to Donal McCarthy Reagh and his tutor Pierce Ó h-Uallacháin, begun at Kilbrittain Castle 1414., p.13
1560s. Fiants of Queen Elizabeth 1 of England with West Cork References Multiple Pardons (McCarthys. O’Driscolls/Crowleys/O’Crowleys/Dalys/O’Mahonys/O’Cullanes/Collins for ‘Rebels’. The format of the surnames is different to that now used. Might be Cullinane. p.13
1585. Earliest representation of West Cork person, 1585, Catherine Cullinane, Ballynacarriga (Townland of the Stones) Castle, Dunmanway., p, 13
Kinsale (St. Multose) Register 1692, p. 13
1691 Convert Rolls
Dorothy Callanan 1752 Creagh Ross Dr Casey has a Dorothy Cullinane marrying Daniel Pearse 1752 name different but more associated with Creagh then Callanan, p. 13
Margarett Holmes Will 1732, p. 13
1744 Denis O’Cullane aged 24 Drimoleague claim to ancient properties in East Carbery, p. 15
1761 Cork Cullinane, p. 18
1783. Hamilton White, Esq., Bantry lease, p. 18
Irish Flax Growers, 1796, p. 19
Tobin weddings, p. 19
1825 Myross Select Vestry, p., 25
1829 – Kilmacanogue Tithe Applotment (Partial) Index, p. 20
Bantry Anti-Tithe meeting October 1832., p., 20
1835 Bantry Catholic Rent. listed in order of amount., p.21
1842 Jeremiah Culliane, Skibbereen, an old extensive trader, p. 23
It is not immediately obvious why some people from outside the area contribute. However in most cases there is a local link. Judge Berwick probably has Symms ancestry. The Symms as the Dowes/Coughlans/O’Callaghans/Notters are all small Protestant Landlords on Mizen closely linked, The Cagneys are fabulously wealthy Cork butter merchants and acquire an estate in the area in the 1850s Encumbered Estates Sales
A bit of a mystery is the largest donation of £27 collected by the Rev. Dr. Lynch President of the Irish College in Paris
Ignatius O’Brien, Cork born former Lord Chancellor in his memoir praises the Cosgrave administration decision post 1922 to replace the Magistrates with professionally qualified lawyers as District Justices. The other area of praise was the introduction of an unarmed police force, the Gardai. Bram Stoker (former Inspector of Petty Clerks) Manual for Petty Court Clerks was widely used in the Irish District Court until the mid 1930s.
In the late 19th century James Gilhooley MP continuously brought to the attention of the British Parliament the practice in West Cork of the RIC District Inspectors being allowed to sit on the Magistrates Bench. The Official Dublin Castle response was that the practice was not approved of but nothing was done to stop it.
1941, Drinagh Co-Op, A Real West Cork Success Story Report 1942 Effects of ‘Emergency’, Attempting to Trucks Driven by Gas from Irish Anthracite, Visit by Committee Members R. Ellis, T. Sweetnam, to Pig Farm
Funerals West Cork 1634-1971. This is a significant update on earlier. Right up to the mid 1960s the Southern Star in particular often published a very comprehensive listing of those attending and the family relationships to the deceased. Presumably the lists were provided by the undertakers. For those prominent the obituaries often throw light on earlier times in terms of politics, religion, business, farming and cultural and sporting matters. Here disregard the pagination.
Is de réir dheasghnátha na hEaglaise Caitlicí agus Aspalda, a bunaíodh timpeall 1832, a pósadh tuismitheoirí Norma. Rugadh ochtar clainne dóibh, cúigear iníonacha agus triúr mac.
An chéad eolas cinnte fúithi in Éirinn go raibh sí sa láthair i nGaoth Dobhair nuair a díshealbhaíodh tionóntaí ar eastát Olphert. Na sceitsí a tharraing sí ann tá siad le feiceáil i bhforlíonta a cuireadh le United Ireland i nDeireadh Fómhair agus i Samhain 1890. Rinne Liam P. Ó Riain an tagairt seo di in The Irish Literary Revival (1894): “Miss Norma Borthwick who is known as an artist will be remembered by many readers in connection with the exciting episodes in the Land War in Ireland”.
D’fhoghlaim sí Gaeilge ó Thomás Ó Flannghaile sa Southwark Literary Society. Is dó a thoirbhir sí Aibgitir na Gaeilge (1900). Is inspéise gur aithris sí “Laoi Oisín i dTír na nÓg”, a bhfoilseofaí eagrán Thomáis de in 1896, ar 17 Eanáir 1895, an oíche ar cheangail sí le Conradh na Gaeilge i Londain. Chaith sí seal ina cisteoir acu. Tháinig sí os comhair shaol na Gaeilge nuair a ghnóthaigh sí duais ar aiste faoin teideal “Brí na teanga i gcúis na náisiúntachta” ag an gcéad Oireachtas in 1897. “Aodh Rua” an t-ainm cleite a roghnaigh sí. Bhailigh Fionán Mac Coluim an duais thar a ceann. Cearnóg Markham, Chelsea, a seoladh ag an am. Ceapadh í mar rúnaí ag Ard-Choistean Chonartha ag cruinniú 15 Meitheamh 1898. Post deonach a bhí ann. D’éirigh sí as i Mí na Nollag na bliana sin. Cuid dá cúram bainistíocht Irisleabhar na Gaedhilge. Bhuaigh sí duais san amhránaíocht ag Oireachtas 1898. I gcaint raidió a chraol sé i 1958 dúirt Mac Coluim gurbh amhránaí agus ceoltóir í. Um Nollaig 1898 bhí sí ag fanacht leis an mBantiarna Gregory sa Chúil: “Miss Borthwick the Irish scholar who had been giving me lessons in London is staying here and has classes every afternoon in the Gate Lodge, about eight girls and thirty to forty young men alternately, some walking as far as three miles to attend” (Seventy years). Idir shúgradh is dáiríre dúirt sí freisin: “The beginning of modern Irish drama was in the winter of 1898 when Douglas Hyde and Miss Borthwick acted in Irish in a Punch and Judy show”.
Norma agus Torna a chuir eagar ar imeachtaí foilsithe Oireachtas 1898. Comhthoghadh í ina ball den Choiste Gnó in 1899 agus bhí sí ina rúnaí ar Oireachtas na bliana sin. Bhí sí ag cabhrú le hEoin Mac Néill chun An Claidheamh Soluis a thabhairt amach.