1851 Census Summary Family of Joseph and Heater Roycroft, Kilpatrick, Schull, West Cork.
CENSUS SEARCH FORMS
The Old Age Pensions Act 1908 introduced a non-contributory pension for eligible people aged 70 and over. It was implemented from January 1909 in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. To be eligible, applicants had to be 70 years old, to have an income of less than £31.10.00 per annum and to ‘be of good character’. During the first three months of 1909, 261,668 applications were made in Ireland. By 31 March 1910, 180,974 Irish pensions had been granted. The level of take-up from those eligible in Ireland was 98%, as opposed to 45% in England and Wales, demonstrating the need for such a measure due to widespread poverty. The full pension of 5 shillings per week for a single person, or 7 shillings per week for a married couple, was available to those with an income of less than £21.00.00 per annum.
Proof of age was an essential part of the process of application for a pension. Because civil registration of births did not begin in Ireland until 1864, applicants had no official documentation to prove their age. It was decided that searches of the 1841 and 1851 census returns, still in the Public Record Office at this time, could produce acceptable documentary evidence of a claimant’s age. The claimant had to provide parents’ names and their residence in March 1841/1851. They also had to state the age they believed themselves to have been in the appropriate year. These forms were sent to the Public Record Office where searches were carried out to prove eligibility. When a search could not find the claimant, the form was returned with ‘not found’ or ‘no trace’ written on it. Even then, you will get the claimant’s version of his family members’ names and location in 1841 or 1851. But many searches were successful, and these can often provide the names and ages of every person living in the claimant’s household at the time of the relevant census.
The records now online can be searched by census year, forename and surname of claimant, claimant’s present address, forename and surname of claimant’s mother and father, and townland/street, parish, barony and county where resident in 1841 or 1851.