Arcane Legal Offices, Application 1903 for caution on Registration of Clinton Estate Title to Crookhaven, West Cork by John Harper Scarfe of Quit Rent Office, Dublin, on behalf of Edward Stafford Howard Esq., C.B. Commissioner of His Majesties Woods, Forests and Land Revenues, In Charge of The Land Revenue of Ireland
Photograph of Directors and Managers of Schull and Skibbereen Light Railway 1910-20, including Ned Roycroft, Mount Gabriel, Chairman Cork County Council, his daughter married Michael Pat Murphy, Caheragh, Labour TD for West Cork. Jasper Travers Wolfe Solicitor (former Crown Prosecutor West Cork and later TD) and his father Eddie.
Pre 1798 the Women’s Cloaks in West Cork and Kerry were Dark Blue after Grey, Custom of Greeting as a Benediction, the wench with the family of Bishop Berkeley who refused to carry out cinders as she was descended from the Ancient Kings of Ireland, Marriage Customs, Backaughs (Beggars) from Crofton Croker.
W Cowley and James White sitting with Jury in Cork February 1541 Deputies of the King’s Commission for Co. Cork forfeiting Monasteries, Abbey of the Cave of St. Finbarr or Gill Abbey (including lands at Kilcrohane and Bantry, West Cork), Benedctine Priory of Rosscarbery with Church and Buttery, Carmelite House, Kinsale.
Among the various jurors old Cork names like Galwey, Skiddy and Coppinger feature among others. There is some listing of tenants and details of other property assets and valuations.
The Irish Manuscript Commission in 1943 published the extent of irish Monasteries in 1541 based on records in the Public Records Office in London.
The are now online, look up the Irish Manuscript Commission site online editions.
Cork Monasteries in original book from around p 156 and digital edition p 140.
The St. Finbarr properties roughly correspond to their property inventory from c 1800 and probably date from the Norman conquest.
Maziere Brady’s 3 volume history of the Dioceses of Cork, Cloyne and Ross in on the website of Cork Past and Present.
Page 22 contains a description of improvement work carried out by Rev. John Smith: He obtained a certificate for £201. 10 shillings.
Quarrymen 8d a day, Labourers 6d., a man and a horse 1shilling a day. Twenty five dozen floor tiles cost £1 0s 10d. Three tons and one and a half f. balk timber 36. 7s. 6d 3,000 brick, delivered at Ballinadee came to £1. 12s 8d. Thirty single deals cost £2 12s 6d. Lime for plastering cost 2s per barrel. Slate 3s per 1,000. “Bought a horse for £3 15s and sold him again for £2 5s 6d allowed £1 2s 9d. Hair for plastering, 8d per barrel. The total return is £201.10.4d and the house is very fit for the residence of John Smith and his successors
P.121 Describes work carried out by the late Rev. Pat Elmley on the 22nd September 1755 and finds£248.18s half penny to be the present value; and when finished; and £218 3s 9d to be the present value; £30 14s 4d being sufficient to put them isn as good repair as they were when first completed. According to the detailed account the stonework of the house cost 3s8d per perch; roofing 30s per square; slating and rendering 14s per square, flooring 30s per square; flagging, 2s 8d per perch; roofing, 30s per square; slating 12s a square.
The RIC has enjoyed a bad press in Ireland as a quasi military force oppressing the Irish People. In fact most of the force rarely carried firearms and apart from recruit training had no contact with arms. Until the time of the troubles 1916-1922 most of the RIC’s duties apart from ordinary policing took in such tasks as agricultural statistics, census collection and weights and measures. Going on memoirs for most of its history it enjoyed a reasonable relationship with the local population where it was based. It had a well deserved reputation for honesty and lack of corruption and was used as a template for police forces in many jurisdictions.
A career in the RIC was attractive, the pay was regarded as low but a constable could retire after 30 years. Discipline was strict and even extended to the choice of wife. For many young men from a farming background who were not going to inherit the farm it was an attractive prospect. Many people prominent in Irish public life had a grandparent or great great parent who was in the RIC.
The force was around 75% Catholic the balance the various Protestant denominations. In South West Cork there were not many from a Catholic background who joined compared to parts of Beara or Kerry. It may be that emigration was so ingrained in these districts that for a young man the first port of call was America. There was however a fair amount of enlistment from the sons of small to middling Church of Ireland farmers who were deemed not to inherit the land. Of those who did not marry many on reaching 30 years service at the comparatively early age of 48 would return home and resume farming at the home place or a purchased farm. Most of the recruits remained as constables the odd person such as Robert Warner, Reendesert, Bantry reached the rank of Chief Constable the equivalent to a Senior NCO in the Army. The Officer corp in the RIC was distinct and there was minimal movement from the ranks.
From the establishment of the Garda there has been a fair amount of recruitment from West Cork among Catholics but little from the Church of Ireland/Methodist community, understandable in ways gived the ethos and origin of the new state but nontheless a loss of the services of the personnel who were used to policing throughout Ireland.
Foe some West Cork personnel, the records are in the National Archives in microfilmMFA 24 very tedious to extract;
there is reference to Robert Townsend 1801-1872. He was of the Whitehall, Aughadown Townsends and served in the West Carbery Armed Association probably with his father before joining the RIC in 1823 where he served variously in Mayo. Clare and Donegal as County Inspector until 1866.