1616. Surrender and Regrant. Patent of James 1 of England, Court of Pie Powder Reserved to Donnell O’Donovan for Fairs, Ascension Thursday and Townlands Listed from Castledonovan to Castlehaven, Caheragh, Glandore, Squince, Brahalish in Durrus. Manor of Castledonovan Power to Hold Court of Leet and Baron, Friday Market at Rahine, Tuesday market at Drimoleague.
Under the old Gaelic system of land tenure the Chief at least in theory held the land in trust for the entire family. Under the rolling English conquest they persuaded many to transfer their title to the English Crown and in return received title to them personally. It is probably the case that the Gaelic system precluded long term development as it was not possible to borrow on the land and by not holding personally there was no incentive to improve.
Prior to the confiscations and forfeitures post 1641 the O’Donovans were the largest Landowners in Carbery after the McCarthys. One branch who converted to the Church of Ireland managed to retain a small estate at Bawnlahan, near Leap. After the death of ‘The O’Donovan’ (Lieutenant-General O’Donovan), in the 1820s the Chieftainship passes to the branch in Cork at Ronaynes Court/Montpelier, The Rev. Morgan O’Donovan whose descendant is still in Skibbereen as The O’Donovan.
Manor of Castledonovan power to Hold Court of Leet Friday Market at Rahine, Tuesday market at Drimoleague.
Ploughlands, Seisreaghs or Carrows, Tates or Ballyboes, Sessiaghs, Gneeves and Acres. The following is a Table showing these divisions: — 10 acres = 1 Gneeve. 2 Gneeves = 1 Sessiagh. 3 Sessiaghs = 1 Tate or Ballyboe. 2 Ballyboes = 1 Ploughland, Seisreagh or Carrow (120 aacres). 4 Ploughlands = 1 Ballybetagh or Townland 30 Ballybetaghs = 1 Trioca cead or Barony.