1868 West Cork People Requesting Lord Fermoy to Convene A Public  Meeting Relative to the Disestablishment of the Established Church to Promote Religious Equality.

Lord Fermoy,  the Roches are descended from among others Jeremiah Coughlan of Carrigmanus,  Goleen who about 1705 married Susann Evanson of the Durrus Landlord family.  They  are ancestors through Lady Fermoy  to Lady Dianna Spencer and her sons, the Princes of the UK.  The Coughlans are probably pre Celtic in origin.


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Disestablishment—in the nick of time

Published in Features, Issue 6 (November/December 2019), Volume 27

On the 150th anniversary of the disestablishment of the Church of Ireland in 1869.

By Kenneth Milne

Courtesy History Ireland


The Church of Ireland’, the name by which the Irish province of the Anglican Communion is known, has its roots in the sixteenth-century Reformation, when the Tudor monarchs imposed on the Irish church the Reformation settlement already brought into being in England. Henceforth, the reformed ‘Church of Ireland’ was the State—that is to say, the ‘established’—church. It was enshrined by this name in the 1937 Constitution of Ireland, Bunreacht na hÉireann, with the names of other Irish churches until, in 1972, these titles were deleted from the Constitution by referendum, together with the ‘special position’ (whatever that meant) of the Holy Catholic Apostolic and Roman Church.

The Tudors deemed the reformed church a Protestant one, and to this day for many people in Ireland the words ‘Protestant’ and ‘Church of Ireland’ are synonymous—to the understandable indignation of members of other Protestant churches, who may regard themselves as holding more closely to Reformation principles. For several generations Anglicans (as we would call them now) were the ‘original’ Protestants until joined in large numbers, mainly through the Ulster Plantation, by Protestants of another Reformation tradition, on whom, be it said, they looked with, if anything, less favour than on those who remained loyal to Rome.

Above: ‘THE RIGHT HON. W.E. GLADSTONE IN THE HOUSE OF COMMMONS’ towards the end of his first ministry in 1873. He perceived, accurately, that the established position of the Church of Ireland was a nationalist grievance, as well as being an affront to other churches.