West Cork Landlords Hovering on Insolvency From 1790s and Rise of New Class.

These two deed abstracts are interesting on a number of fronts.
It shows that contrary to accepted belief many of the Landed Estate were hovering on insolvency from at least the 1790s despite buoyant economic times. There is a class up to now largely obscured from the historical narrative who were extremely wealthy and acquired significant interest from the local landlords.
When the Becher Estate was being sold by the Landed Estate Court in the 1850 it was stated that the rental was only a quarter of the market rate.  The holders of the subleases such as th Swantons, Levis, Longs, Sweetnams various branches of McCarthys were getting the benefit of the market rent having rents fixed many years before.
In the 1790s John Young probably of Aughadown branch lent £3,000 against Cahergall I presume Kilcrohane to Becher/Syms/Browne. If it is the Kilcrohane townland it is a huge amount against that property.  It may be part of lands acquired by the Bechers from Donogh O’Daly, Gent., 1705. It also confirms the patterns that deed transcription identifies that the landlords of Bantry, Durrus, Skibbereen were on the verge of insolvency from the 1790s and were bailed out by mortgages and rent charges by wealthy Merchants/Contractors both Catholic and Protestants such as the Ballydehob Swanton, Levis, Young, McCarthy, O’Sullivans/O’Donovans of Bantry, Shannons of  Durrus.
Similar deeds from that peris pu the Evansons/Blairs/Hutchinsons of Durrus in the same category.
The 1824 deed seems to confirm that the Bantry Youngs and the Aughadown family are the same line.  There is a Young deed of 1760 of Letterscanlon, Aughadown where they are described as coopers, a legacy maybe of the pilchards. We know from the Bantry Fishing Enquiry of 1836 that the Youngs were in Bantry before 1640.  They lost £5,000 in the collapse of a Bilbao Bank around 1640.
The Youngs  link to them DNA wise as to Crowley, Evans, Gosnell, O’Regan, O’Sullivan Prittie all families interconnected and possibly also with Beechers.
Sample rent charges:
Registry of Deeds Project:
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Type of deed Date of current deed 2 Apr 1824 Vol Page Memorial
Deed of Assignment Date of earlier deed 791 188 534724
No Role(s) in earlier deed(s) Role in current deed(s) Family name Forename Place Occ or title A
A P1 CLERKE Thomas of Skibbereen, Co Cork Executor of will of John Young (C) A
B P1 SANDY William of Kinslae, Co Cork Executor of will of John Young (C) A
C P3 testator YOUNG John of Skibbereen, Co Cork Esq; deceased
D P2 BIRD Robert Nicholas of Bantry, Co Cork Esq
E mentioned SWETNAM John of Mardyke near Skibbereen, Co Cork Executor of will of John Young (C); since deceased
F P1 SYMS Theophilus Morris of Hollybrook, Co Cork Gent; involved in a mortgage 1794
G P1 BROWNE Thomas Mitchell of Rockbarrow, Co Cork Esq; involved in a mortgage 1794
H P2, P1 BECHER Richard of Hollybrook, Co Cork Esq
I P1 BECHER John of Hollybrook, Co Cork Esq; deceased since 1794; eldest son of Richard Becher (H)
J P2 WHITE Richard of then of Seafield Park, Bantry now Earl of Bantry
K P3 ALLEN Thomas of City of Cork Esq
L mentioned BECHER Mary of otherwise Allen; wife of Richard Becher (H)
M WD WM MAHONY James of Skibbereen, Co Cork Gent A
N WD WM MCCARTHY Charles of Skibbereen, Co Cork Shopkeeper A
O WM BRENAN George of City of Cork Gent A
Abstract Complex deed involving wills & mortgages of the Becher family
MS Date registered 27 Apr 1824 Date abstract added 20170403

Abstract made by: RonPrice

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Type of deed Date of current deed 2 Apr 1824 Vol Page Memorial
Deed of Assignment Date of earlier deed 791 188 534724
No Role(s) in earlier deed(s) Role in current deed(s) Family name Forename Place Occ or title A
A P1 CLERKE Thomas of Skibbereen, Co Cork Executor of will of John Young (C) A
B P1 SANDY William of Kinslae, Co Cork Executor of will of John Young (C) A
C P3 testator YOUNG John of Skibbereen, Co Cork Esq; deceased
D P2 BIRD Robert Nicholas of Bantry, Co Cork Esq
E mentioned SWETNAM John of Mardyke near Skibbereen, Co Cork Executor of will of John Young (C); since deceased
F P1 SYMS Theophilus Morris of Hollybrook, Co Cork Gent; involved in a mortgage 1794
G P1 BROWNE Thomas Mitchell of Rockbarrow, Co Cork Esq; involved in a mortgage 1794
H P2, P1 BECHER Richard of Hollybrook, Co Cork Esq
I P1 BECHER John of Hollybrook, Co Cork Esq; deceased since 1794; eldest son of Richard Becher (H)
J P2 WHITE Richard of then of Seafield Park, Bantry now Earl of Bantry
K P3 ALLEN Thomas of City of Cork Esq
L mentioned BECHER Mary of otherwise Allen; wife of Richard Becher (H)
M WD WM MAHONY James of Skibbereen, Co Cork Gent A
N WD WM MCCARTHY Charles of Skibbereen, Co Cork Shopkeeper A
O WM BRENAN George of City of Cork Gent A
Abstract Complex deed involving wills & mortgages of the Becher family
MS Date registered 27 Apr 1824 Date abstract added 20170403

Abstract made by: RonPrice