1833. Failure of Alexander and Company, Bank, Calcutta and West Cork aand East India Company Connections.


CSO/RP/1833/5063. Chief Secretary’s Office. Letter from Lyttelton Lyster, magistrate Rosscarbery [Ross Carbery, County Cork], to Edward John Littleton, [Chief Secretary, Dublin Castle], asking to be made a stipendiary magistrate, stating that he suffered financially from the failure of Messieurs Alexander and Company, Calcutta [Kolkata, India].


Thanks To Brian Limrick:




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The Private Bank set up by Alexander & Co. The Bank of Hindustan was the first bank to introduce Bank Notes for the first time in India. These Bank notes were representative money only. The actual money was Gold and Silver coins. The Bank of Hindustan maintained reserves of actual money i.e., coins of Gold and Silver which were known as Rupia. The notes issued by the Bank always contained a Promise Clause to pay the bearer the actual money (Gold or Silver) on demand in exchange of notes issued by the Bank. Run on is a banking term when some sort of panic is created among the general public creating a fear that the Bank is not able to exchange its notes by the actual money(Gold or Silver) and depositors start running towards the bank to withdraw their money from the bank. In modern day banking it is called Bank Failure. The Bank Of Hindustan faced such run on three times but it survived every time only because of the fact that the bank was keeping sufficient stock of actual money and only that much notes were issued which were backed by equivalent or more reserves. In commercial crises of 1832 the Bank of Hindustan was closed and went under its parent firm M/S Alexander & Co.

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Limricks related to the Sullivans early 18th century Cork Attornies may have originated Aughadown intimately connected to East India Company:


John Limrick, Esq., (1812-1890), 1860, Union Hall House, 2nd son of Captain William Somerville Limrick who died 183.  Listed 1843. at Ardmana, Rosscarbery. Skibbereen 1847 distress meeting. Signed ‘No Popery Petition 1851’, Union Hall, patron Masonic concert, Skibbereen, 1862, sitting Skibbereen 1850. ` 1856 Ballydehob Presentment sessions. Attending Railway meeting Drimoleague 1856.  Subscriber Dr. Daniel Donovan ‘History of Carbery, 1876. SUBSCRIBER TO CUSACK’S ‘THE HISTORY OF CORK,’ 1875 – CASTLEHAVEN Limrick, John, J.P., Union hall. Churchwarden Castlehaven 1870 with his brother in law Robert Hungerford who married his sister Anne. 1870 return, 8,181 acres. Local priest Father Barry, Ballydehob, said of him ’A good Magistrate, his time and his health are unsparingly devoted to deeds of benevolence’.  Some of his wealth came from his father who, having probably served with Arthur Wellesley (Wellington) at the battle of Seringapatam in 1799, gained a substantial amount of prize money in India. The prize money after Seringapatam was over £1M distributed among the victors. Col. Limrick then became a member of the East India Company on his retirement, maintaining a London address.  Col. Limrick’s brother, Rev Paul Limrick, garrison chaplain at Fort William in Calcutta, is also believed to have owned considerable property in India. The family connections to the Sullivans (Benjamin Sullivan Cork Attorney self styled Ó Sullivan Mór kinsman to Laurence Sullivan, Chairman East India Company) would have helped. It assumed John Limrick’s daughter Lucy inherited his estate which then passed onto the Spaight family.   Purchased some of the Audley mines, Ballydehob. Executor of brother Dr. William Limrick 1869, £3,000.  Probate 1890 to William Tower Townsend J.P., Myross Wood, effects £3,647.

Denis Brown 1806 Aeystrewey 1824 East India Company, St. Helena Regiment Discharged 1845

1798 Dr. Alfred Elmore Military Surgeon, Clonakilty,  served under Wellington. Brother of Dr. John Surgeon, East India company Surgeon. English born. Married Miss Callanan

1852 William John Freke Solicitor Dublin 7. 4 Nov 1852 Deed of Settlement made between George Evans, 7th Baron Carbery, Castle Freke, Co. Cork, and Harriet Maria Catherine, Baroness Carbery (his wife) in the 1st part, Edmund William Shuldham (her father and Lieutenant General in the East India Company’s service), Dunmanway, Co. Cork, in the 2nd part, and Fenton John Evans Freke (Captain in her Majesty’s Second Regiment of Life Guards), William John Freke (Solicitor), city of Dublin, and Edmund Anderson Shuldham, Dunmanway, Co. Cork, in the 3rd part, listing the trusts and agreements involved in the marriage between Baron Carbery and Harriet Shuldham in August 1852. A later declaration by Baron Carbery and his wife releases Fenton John Evans Freke as one of the Trustees of the settlement. Signed and sealed by only the Baron and Baroness Carbery. A declaration on the reverse of the settlement notes that George Evans, Lord Baron Carbery is “…Deaf and Dumb, but being capable of reading”. 9 skins

1836 Married Kilmeen ” s ” Major John Townsend Somerville was born in 1800 and commissioned into the Bengal Service. He married in May 1836, Frances Margaret, daughter of Rev Arthur Herbert,(5) Rector of Myross Wood, Co Cork. John died in 1861. Frances’s sister, Mary Herbert, married John Henry Townshend [238] in 1839.

James Sullivan Bantry 13th Regiment of Foot attested 1824 aged 35? 24 years service 14 with East India Company . labourer, 5’7”, chronic rheumatism Royal Hospital Chelsea Soldiers who served in Canada 1743-1882

Bandon FREEMEN ADMITTED SINCE 1831 Gillman, George, Clancoole, esq., capt. Half-pay Hon. East India Company service. Son of a freeman

Samuel Heard 1835-1921 Ballintubber, Kinsale Surgeon Major East India Company Indian Army Created Rossdohan gardens Kenmare

Durrus family, father born Durrus 1826, Death of Captain Alleyn Evanson After his Return from India, 4th Son of Alderman Charles Evanson, Former Mayor of Cork.

Died 1941 Henry Hurst Bantry, British Navy Surgeon died HMS Hood 1941 Nicholas Hurst was in the Somme and went on in 1918 to join the India army. He and his brother Tom both served there till 1947. Henry, another brother, saw service just at the end of 1917 into 18 as a Naval Dr in the Med. He went down with the HMS Hood in 1941. Paternal ancestors coastguard early 19th century later seine owners Bantry vintners property owners, maternal Shannon, Clashadoo, Durrus by marriage Dukelow who married c 1815 into Coughlan farm originally post 1600 O’Coughlan/Coughlan Carrigmanus, Goleen

Died 1881. Peshwar India Surgeon Major Edward O’Sullivan Surgeon Queen’s Regiment. Youngest son of Patrick O’Sullivan, Es., Millove, Castletownbere, agent to Lord Bantry and Seneschal. Not known how he died.

Michael Allen c 1830 Toormore ” ” Plaque in Teampol na mBocht (Altar) Church by daughter Ellen Connell nee Allen, Boston, USA

Jeremiah Buckley 1813 Bantry Service Sawyer India, Horse Artillery Company Tried 1837, Bombay Tried in Ahmednigger Court, Bombay for allowing prisoner to escape and desertion sent to New South Wales 1838 on ‘Gaillardon”

Paul Kingston Dromgariff, Clonakilty and Nastrabad, India Colour Sergeant 2nd lancashire Regiment Died India 8th February 1885 probate to brother Samuel farmer Dromgariff

Coakley Levis c 1765 Bantry Lieutenant 1st West India Regiment 1806, 3rd Garrison Regiment “Skibbereen Levis, Coakly, H.P. (CC 21/12/1843) – ADDRESS TO ALEXANDER O DRISCOLL, J.P., SKIBBEREEN 1843 [following his dismissal as a Magistrate] h “

Colonel Doctor Cyril Popham August 1890-1958 Bantry Son Doctor Popham August 1914 Colonel 1914 Royal Army Medical corps, Captain 1918, India 1919 Malta 1926, India Military Hospitals 1930s, Palestine 1940, Egypt C.O. Military Hospitals Scotland and England retired 1947 Married Mary Hayter nurse WW1, Medals for sale 2014 Thanks JIm Herlihy