March 1798. Rosscarbery Select Vestry meeting to Levy a Rate to provide Four Men to Serve in Militia and to Levy Seven and a Half Pence Per Gneeve.
How do you define the word ‘gneeve?’ It is the twelfth part of a ploughland; and those ploughlands and gneeves vary in size. One Gneeve may be as large as twelve others. Some Gneeves do not exceed from four to five acres in extent. Other Gneeves have thirty acres on it, they are let according to their value.
Gneeve? It is the twelfth part of a ploughland; and those ploughlands and gneeves vary in size. One gneeve may as large as twelve others. Some do not exceed from four to five acres in extent; others gneeves which has thirty acres on it : it is let according to its value or capacity to bear livestock (like in Irish féar dha bhó, grass of two cows).
The backdrop is the 1798 Rebellion of the United Irishmen. There was an amount of latent support locally and two years earlier the French had Attempted a Major Landing in Bantry without Success.
Robert Swanton of Ballydehob was an active United Irishman, he fled to New York later becoming an Admiralty Judge. Surgeon O’Connor as Alexander McCarthy, Barrister of Bantry were convicted of United Irishmen offences adn transported to Australia.
The Vestry apart from its church functions was pivotal in administrative affairs, collecting the county cess with the Baronial Constable, road maintenance burying the indigent dead, care of foundlings of whom there were may.
This is from the records of Ross from 1680 which have survived, luckily the Minister ignored the command to deposit the books in the Public Records Office in 1920 for safety. If anyone wants them e mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org