Up to 1870 the (Protestant) Church of Ireland was the Irish State Church. Apart from religion it administered legal functions such as Probable and the regulation of marriage with its own internal legal system.
The format for Marriage was an application for a Marriage License Bond. It is likely that some Catholics applied fro MLBs for legal purposes or because of the Penal Laws and may have got married in Protestant Churches. There are a very large number of ‘Catholic’ names in the surviving registers.
This was expensive and as most Cork Protestant were labourers, artisan or small farmer the popular method was Bans where the proposed marriage was read out three time at service.
The litigation arose from the marriage of White/Dillon. Presumable he impregnated her and wen through a marriage ceremony. He then applied to re marry and her legal advisors issued a caveat at the Cork Consistory…
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