Cork Magistrates 1199-1922:

Many landlords who constituted large numbers of the Magistrates where is straitened financial circumstances from the 1790s if the example of the smaller Landlords in Durrus, Blairs, Evansons,Hutchinsons is anything to go by. Various deeds give evidence of rent charges, mortgages they give to members of the local class of rising merchants, large farmers such as the Swantons, various O’Sullivans, McCarthys, O’Connells, Levis, Kingston, Shannon families.

The larger estates were often encumbered by jointures (Charges in favour of unmarried daughters), marriage settlements, trusts as well as mortgages.