1871.  Linguistic Map Ireland Majority Irish Speaking, Parts of Ballydehob, Beara, Caheagh, Clonakilty, Garretstown, Muskerry, West Cork.

 

https://durrushistory.com/2012/06/04/irish-speaking-protestant-west-cork-19th-century/

 

https://durrushistory.com/2016/01/28/rev-patrick-ernest-donovan-1861-1953-foronaught-myross-skibbereen-west-cork-methodist-missionary/

 

https://durrushistory.wordpress.com/wp-admin/edit.php?s=irish+speaking&post_status=all&post_type=post&action=-1&m=0&cat=0&paged=1&action2=-1

 

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Legal INterpeters:

 

1902 Andrew Kelleher Interpeter for Glengariff District 1901 census Humphrey Kelleher was living in Bantry with his son Andrew, 27, a draper’s assistant, and daughter Hannah, 35, housekeeper. By the time of the 1911 census, there were nKellehers on Barrack road. http://doras.dcu.ie/17739/1/Irish_Language_Court_Interpreting_1901-1922_Mary_Phelan.pdf Some interpreters, such as Humphrey Kelleher, combined interpreting with being a civil bills officer (C.B.O.). Summons servers and civil bill officers were paid a salary of £10 per year plus up to one shilling for each summons served. They had to travel considerable distances to serve summonses and keep a record of when and where summonses were serve
1902 Humphrey Kelleher Process Server, Interpeter In 1902 at Skibbereen quarter sessions, a solicitor called Mr Wolfe asked the judge about the appointment of a process server and interpreter at Bantry. The context was that Humphrey Kelleher, the person who had been fulfilling these two functions, had died, his son was willing to take his place as process server, but as he did not speak Irish, not as interpreter. The son had the support of all the solicitors in Bantry bar one, a Mr Flynn, who favoured a man called Power from Glengariffe (sic) who ‘could speak Irish well’. He argued that there were already two process servers in Bantry but none in Glengariffe where it was difficult to have processes served. http://doras.dcu.ie/17739/1/Irish_Language_Court_Interpreting_1901-1922_Mary_Phelan.pdf 1901, Humphrey KelleherBantry Cork aged 74 Co. Cork
1864, 1921 Edward Collins Civil Bill Officer since 1864, Interpeter Liscarroll. Edward Collins civil bill officer for Macroom, occupation ‘interpreter’ in the 1911 census, was raised in the Dáil in 1927. At that stage he was 77 and had worked as a summons server for 58 years and as a civil bill officer for 57 years. He was discharged from his job and was not offered any form of compensation or pension. The two posts of summons server and civil bills officer were combined into one post, summons server, under the Court Officers Act 1926 (Dáil Éireann vol. 19, 26 April 1927). Guys: http://www.corkpastandpresent.ie/places/streetandtradedirectories/1921guyscitycountyalmanacanddirectory/1921pagesito95/1921%20p.18-25.pdf

 

 

Magistrates with Irish Competence:

1815 John Eugene McCarthy Middle Temple since 1815 practised as Conveyancer in England, Seneschal of Manor of Rathbarry and Gorthnahoena since 1826 and for some time Timoleague. Kings Inns 1837. Rathbarry, Rosscarbery. 1st son of Eugene McCarthy, Gent, Blennerville, Co. Kerryand Ellen O’Sullivan in 1837 for Kings Inns , Newtown, Co. Cork. Rathbarry. Conducted when requied Manor Court as Senescal in Irish. Purchased a house and garden for bailiff to avoid being dependant on him. Earlier Seneschal used a pub. Advised Mr. Spring Rice (Lord…Mount..) on proposed changes to legislation 1837 Parlimentary report.

 

From 1837 John Borlease Warren Seneschal of Macroom, Kilcrea, Blarney Appointed by his relation Lord Bandon. Macroom held in Courthouse, Kilcrea in two farmhouses. John Borlease Warren (1799-, Magistrate also for Kerry, Warren Grove, Crookstown and Sillerdane Cottage, Kenmare, Co. Kerry, brother of Sir Augustus Warren, m 1823 Mary d Rev R. Warren, Involved in attempts to amicably resolve tithes 1838. 1835 Subscriber Lewis Topographical Dictionary of Ireland 1837. Related and tenant of Lord Bandon. Lord Bandon as Lord of Manor of Macroom, Kilcrea and Blarney appointed him Seneschal to Manor Courts replace Mr. Brown who heard cases to his death at 87 in 1836. Permitted witnesses to give evidence in Irish.

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