Letter 15th July 1580 Pelham to Sir William Winter refers to Sir Owen O’Sullivan Bere
This record is held by Lambeth Palace Library

Lambeth Palace Library
Your letters of the 29th and 9th have been brought me by my cousin Grevell and Mr. Holden.

The Marshal’s bad ministers have suffered that traitorous priest to escape me that you so carefully sent. Before Sir Owen O’Sulivane Beare departs from me, I will look for the redelivery of him, and for conformity of subjection within Beare and Bantrie. Thanks for the articles which concerned his (Sir Owen’s) misdemeanours.

If the ship of victuals come from Dublin, pay yourself of the proportion of beer, and the remain I wish to be put into Castle Mange.

I have sent you herewith an authority, not only to execute by martial law such as be offenders, English or Irish, but also authority to protect. Though for terror I do not mention it in my authority, “the law martial doth not extend within the Queen’s jurisdictions to execute any that is worth 10l. in goods, or hath 40s. a year of freehold.” I do not wish any freeholders to be protected but the McSwines, because if her Majesty purpose to make benefit of escheated lands, then it were good that all freeholders were left simply to her mercy. To whomsoever you give protection, promise pardon, and bind him to sue it out within three months.

Now how your news concurreth with the necessity of your departure for lack of victuals, and with the likelihood of Spanish preparations, which may be guessed by the coming of the vessel to Castle Haven, whereof you write, I leave to you to judge.

It is testified by divers, as well of Kinsale as Waterford, that lately came out of Galicia, and now within these two days confirmed at Waterford, that 6,000 Romans are ready to embark there; that they have 80 ships, whereof many of great burden; that they have many victuallers laden with wheat, whereof 50,000 Spanish measures called haveges have been put aboard in one haven. They report that the Marquis of Sara had private talk with some of them, confessing himself to be the Queen’s good ally (as I think he be by the house of Lancaster), and gave forth that great troubles would be this year in Ireland; and other taking upon him to know the general, a Spaniard named Don John de Alonnso; and that he saw the Pope’s Nuncio and him together about the preparations. These rumours are not unknown in England, for they have been often advertised, and the last informer is gone to the Court to declare his own intelligence.

A supply of victuals is coming from England to you, and some refreshing to us; and a speech is given forth, as though other vessels of smaller burden were on their way towards you with new directions. I cannot keep the field for lack of bread after the expense of one month. There are now come from Mr. Bashe 21,000 pieces of beef, which will never be uttered without mutiny or danger to the soldiers’ health. Search the harbors between that and Cork, whether any relief be come to prolong your stay.

I send my brother Spencer presently into England, to whom I commit so much of your advertisements as concerned the Spanish shallop and the forcible taking of Donnell Rowe McTeige, and to utter unto the Lords your care in searching those harbours upon the south-west coasts of this province.

Turlouge Lenoughe has, as I hear from England, solicited the King of Scots for 4,000 Scots, his wife, a daughter of Argill, [The Earl of Argyle.] being agent in the Court of Scotland, but prevented by the diligence of Mr. Robert Bowes, her Majesty’s ambassador.

Limerick, 13 July 1580. Signed.

Contemp. copy.
Date: 13 July 1580
Held by: Lambeth Palace Library, not available at The National Archives
Language: English
Extent: 4¼ Pages.